21st Century Skills & Digital Literacy: What Do Tutors, Teachers & Learners Need to Know?

Marian Thacher, OTAN Read/San Diego Tutor Conference June 11, 2011

What do adult learners need to know in order to survive and thrive in employment and further education?

WHO ARE YOUR PARTNERS?

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How is Tech Changing the Way We Live?

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What’s Happening to Reading?
What

do we read? Where do we read? When do we read? How do we read? Is auding different than http://www.prospect.org/csnc/blogs/tapped_archive?month=02&year=2011&base_name=draft_ine
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ks oo x tb N oo l Te ta ig i D E- k Ne w sB o p ao k s DL pe K IN rs you on Eks on B oo rp ho n e e rr Yo u r kb la c B iP a d y
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What’s Happening to Reading?

One way that reading has changed for you in the last 5 years

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Borrowing eBooks from Library
66%

of libraries report offering free eBooks HarperCollins to allow only 26 borrows per eBook Can a borrower put it on two devices? Can a borrower lend it to someone else? How many copies does the library have to buy?
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Digital Textbooks
By

2017, digital textbook sales will match traditional

Kindergartener

s in Maine to receive iPad2

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FlexBooks

ck-12.org/flexbook/

◦ Digital textbooks for STEM ◦ Free! ◦ Customize your textbook
 Select the whole book, or a few chapters Combine chapters from different books

Save in 3 formats – pdf, html or

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What’s Happening to Book Stores?
 Borders

filed for bankruptcy and closed 200 stores  Barnes & Noble going strong and Liberty Media offered to buy for $1 million  Why? Digital presence  Amazon already sells more eBooks than print books (in less than 4 years)

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A New Kind of Book

TED V i eo of M i d ke M a ta s

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Home Internet Access for ESL Students

2 0 1 0 -1 1 R a n g e : 19% 2 0 0 9 -1 0 R a n g e : 52%

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Broadband Access – DSL & Cable

Broadbandmap.gov/technology
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Mobile Wireless Access

Broadbandmap.gov/technology
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“MOBILE PHONES ARE MISNAMED. THEY SHOULD BE CALLED ‘GATEWAYS TO ALL HUMAN KNOWLEDGE’.”
-RAY KURZWEIL

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Mobile vs. Desktop

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What’s Happening to Education?

M OO Cs Y DI Doin ru p t ti rs in g u ca d E T w itte C o lla C la s s b o ra tio n
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ED UP U NK

What do adult learners need to know in order to survive and thrive in employment and further education?

Three Sources
National

Education Technology

Plan Partnership for 21st Century Skills ISTE National Education Technology Standards for students

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How Should We Define 21st Century Skills?
National

Education Technology

Plan Published Nov. 2010 Addresses many aspects of education
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Learning Teaching Assessment Infrastructure Productivity

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National Education Technology Plan
Learning
◦ Critical thinking, complex problem solving ◦ Information tools – Web sites, online libraries, online books, original resources ◦ Collaboration tools - social networking, wikis, blogs ◦ Mobile learning – not confined to the classroom, even the digital classroom
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C-/E-/M-Learning
C-Learning E  

Learning

M  

Learning

  

Face to face ◦ Shared physical context ◦ Easier to build relations

◦Online ◦Any

◦Small

time, any place, any pace ◦Collabo

chunks ◦Contextspecifi c ◦Locationspecifi c

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National Education Technology Plan
Teaching

◦ Technology-based professional development ◦ Leverage social networking to create communities of practice ◦ Develop a teaching force skilled in online instruction

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National Education Technology Plan
Assessment

◦ Technology-based to give timely feedback to shape instruction ◦ Make use of simulations, collaborative environments, games ◦ Revise policies to support these changes

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Partnership for 21st Century Skills
To

all the usual curriculum, they add…

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Partnership for 21st Century Skills
To

all the usual curriculum, they add… Learning and Innovation Skills

◦ Creativity & Innovation ◦ Critical Thinking and Problem Solving ◦ Communication and Collaboration
Info,

Media & Technology Skills

◦ Information Literacy ◦ Media Literacy ◦ ICT Literacy

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Information Literacy
What

is it?

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Partnership for 21st Century Skills

Information Literacy Access and Evaluate Information

◦ Access information efficiently (time) and effectively (sources) ◦ Evaluate information critically and competently
Use

and Manage Information

◦ Use information accurately and creatively ◦ Manage the flow of information from a wide variety of sources ◦ Apply a fundamental understanding of 29

Research & Information Fluency
Search
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦

strategies Critical eval of Web sites
Read the URL Examine the content Ask about author Look at the links

Strategies

for managing information, organizing bookmarks
◦ Delicious.com ◦ Diigo.com

Prioritizing, time management, http://www.greenwichschools.org/page.cfm?p=6657

&

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Teaching Information Fluency
What

are your strategies for locating, sifting and managing information? How do you model these strategies for your students, or staff? Do you provide direct instruction for these strategies?

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Teaching Information Fluency a little about search  Do you teach

strategies every day?  Have you provided critical thinking activities about Web sites?  Are you modeling information management?  Do you discuss information management directly?  Do you monitor how your students manage information?  Do you suggest or assign management tools?  Do you model selecting the appropriate
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Bookmarking and Tagging
How

you save sites now Bookmarking Tagging Tag clouds Go to the wiki
(my Delicious account)

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Media Literacy
What

is media?

◦ ◦ ◦
What

is media literacy?

◦ ◦ ◦

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Partnership for 21st Century Skills

Media Literacy Analyze Media

◦ Understand the how and why of media messages ◦ Examine values and points of view ◦ Consider ethical and legal issues
Create

Media Products

◦ Choose the right medium and know how to use it ◦ Post a photo ◦ Create and post a video for a 35

Partnership for 21st Century Skills

Stages of Media Literacy Become aware of and manage your media “diet” Learn to analyze and question what is in the frame
◦ What is there? What is left out?
Identify

who produced it? Why? Who profits? Who loses?

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ICT Literacy
Information

and Communication Technology
◦ Includes tech skills along with information management skills ◦ Are you teaching how to use a keyboard, or a browser? – That’s ICT literacy

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What other Literacies?
Health

Literacy Financial Literacy Visual Literacy Cultural Literacy …

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ISTE: NETS for Students

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ISTE: NETS for Students
Creativity

and Innovation and

Communication

Collaboration
Research

and Information

Fluency
Critical

Thinking, Problem Citizenship Operations and
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Solving and Decision Making
Digital Technology

So What’s New? The Context!
Creativity

& Innovation

◦ Apply existing knowledge to new ideas ◦ Create original works ◦ Identify trends and forecast possibilities

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So What’s New? The Context!
How

do you teach this stuff??
◦ Sir Ken Robinson: It’s all about passion ◦ Many inspiring stories about people who have found their passion

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So What’s New? The Context!
6

myths of creativity debunked

 
Competition beats collaboration Efficiency fosters creativity

 Only creative types are creative Money is a motivator Fear forces breakthroughs

A time when you were playing – when time disappeared
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Imagination is everything. It is the preview of life's coming attractions.
--Albert Einstein

Creativity in the Classroom
Frame

the collaborative pair or team task Make the learning outcomes clear Set the ground rules ALLOW TIME BE QUIET

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What is a topic you hate to teach? Why do you think you hate it? What could make it more fun?

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Communication and Collaboration
No DIY

geographical boundaries

◦ (You learn a lot about time zones!)

Education Tools for C & C Publish!
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦

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Writing Photos Audio Video

SOCIAL MEDIA

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FACEBOOK

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Facebook
Who   What   What  
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uses it?

is the biggest benefit?

is the biggest concern?

Facebook

U S D a ta fo r 2 0 1 0 ,

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Facebook

PROs
   

CONs

   

 

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Facebook
PROs Everybody is already here! Variety of page types – group, business page, personal Wide access for discussions and sharing

CONs Privacy issues Confusing re types of pages Need to have a separate professional account

 
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Uses for Facebook
Promote

your program Keep in touch with learners Share information, photos, videos, songs Keep in touch

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Types of FB Pages
Personal

◦ To share or not to share…
Fan/Business

◦ For promoting a program
Group

◦ Open or closed? ◦ Under whose account? ◦ Set email notifications
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Share your thoughts about Facebook with your partners
Do

you use it? Have you thought about using it with learners? Is it a good idea? Why, or why not?

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TWITTER
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Twitter
Who   What   What  
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uses it?

is the biggest benefit?

is the biggest concern?

C LI N  AMANPOUR:

The

State Department just had an Arabic Twitter account, a Farsi Twitter account. This week, what do you expect to do with that?

http://abcnews.go.com/ThisWeek/week-transcript-hillary-clinton/story?id=12959396&page=4

T O N : … m o stl y w e w a n t to b e i n th e m i w i th i x th s i cre d i l , yo u n g , n b e e n e rg e ti c p o p u l ti n th a t i a o s se e ki g th e sa m e n ri h ts to e xp re ss g th e m se l s a s ve yo u n g p e o p l i th e e n U n i d S ta te s se e k . 61 te

Twitter

U S D a ta fo r 2 0 1 0 ,

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Uses with Students
Send

out assignments & other reminders to learners Learners send tweets using specific vocabulary or grammar Learners share links to online content with one another Learners follow historical figures, specialists, experts Tweet from E-readers

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How to Drink from the Twitter Firehose?
Use

hashtags

◦ ◦ ◦ ◦

#Literacy #adulted #homeless #catesol

Search

for hashtags Create a list Make tweets private, if necessary Check it out

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Reading & Writing
Write/read

student stories published on blog or Web site Create a Twitter channel – short communications
◦ About a topic from reading ◦ As an historical or current public figure
Create

a slide show and post on blog, Web site, Scribd, VoiceThread, Google Docs Create a class or group photo account, students post and write
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Blog Example - VESL

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Blog Example - VESL

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Blog Example - VESL

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Speaking & Listening
Skype call with an author, expert, or other guest Leave audio or video  comments on VoiceThread  slides Have an online meeting  with another class or  group Post a podcast at Podomatic or Gabcast, to which students reply with audio comments
Class

69 h ttp :// re a l sta te re su sci ti n . b l g sp o t. co m / 2 0 1 0 / 0 8 / i d i n a -sta te -fa i -i -i -to w n . h tm e ta o o n a r s n

Speaking & Listening Examples
ESL

class in San Francisco

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VoiceThread
This

I Believe about Music Himalayan Adventure
A way to use VoiceThread with your learners

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ePortfolios
Why?

◦ ◦ ◦ ◦

Selectively available anywhere Easily shared Can include media Demonstrates tech skill, and other skills

Who?

◦ Students assemble work samples, creative projects, Web sites, photos, test scores ◦ Teachers collect evidence of

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ePortfolios
Where?

◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦

Google Docs Google Sites Wiki WordPress Mahara.org

Features

to look for

◦ Framework – Experience, goals, current work ◦ Selective views – one for group, teacher, prospective employers ◦ Easy to add photos, video, audio,

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ePortfolios - Examples

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ePortfolios - Examples

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ePortfolios - Examples

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Using The Cloud
Keep

your documents online Use your software online Run servers from a distant location Google Docs
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Text documents Slides Spreadsheets Forms
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Critical Thinking, Problem Solving
Identify

authentic problems for investigation Plan and manage activities to develop a solution Collect and analyze data Identify solutions Incorporate diverse  perspectives Choose and test a  http://www.techlearning.com/article/8670 solution

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Authentic Problem

( Wileytoons 20 January 2000 ,  

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Classroom Examples
What

are some examples of an authentic problem related to
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Keeping campus green Getting a job Going to college Managing money Writing an essay Convincing someone Changing a law
http://www.34news.com/minor-makes-major-change-in-curfew-ordinance.80 html

Digital Citizenship
Safe,

legal and responsible use of information and tech Positive attitude towards technology Personal responsibility for lifelong learning

US Dept. of Labor, public

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Safe, Legal, Responsible
Copyright

– who owns what? What is OK to copy and use? If not, why not? Personal information online Email etiquette, discussion board http://academic.cuesta.edu/bused/parallinks.htm etiquette,

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Online Privacy – There isn’t any!
75%

of U.S. recruiters and HR professionals do online searches on candidates 70% have rejected candidates based on what they found Young woman fired for posting on FB “I’m so totally bored!” at work

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Security
Basic

understanding of security is important!
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Passwords Attachments Phishing emails Malware/Spyware Identity Theft

http://lifehacker.com/#!5714296/how-to-stay-secure-online
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Responsibility for Lifelong Learning
What

strategies do you use to learn a new skill or find new information? What is the future of schools? What is the role of teachers? The only thing you can count on is change

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Technology Operations and Concepts
Understand

and use technology Select and use applications effectively Troubleshoot systems and applications Transfer skills

h ttp :// h i h e re d . m cg ra w -h i lco m / si s/ 0 0 7 8 6 9 3 1 6 0 / stu d e n t_vi w 0 / e rg o n o86i g l. te e m c_g

Classroom Examples
 Do

you need to teach keyboarding?  Do you have computer classes for basic skills students?  Is there support for students teaching each other?  Is there support for teachers teaching each other?  What if your students know more than you?
h ttp :// w w w . fl ckr. co m / p h o to s/ d o n sh a l / 4 1 5 3 3 5 2 0 3 6 / si s/ m / i / p h o to stre a m / i l ze n 87

Look at Your Learning Plan
Can

you remember an example of each topic? ones do you already know about? 1 or 2
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Which

Which

THE ILLITERATE OF THE 21ST CENTURY WILL NOT BE THOSE WHO CANNOT READ AND WRITE, BUT THOSE WHO CANNOT LEARN, UNLEARN, AND RELEARN.

-- Alvin Toffler

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wikispaces.com/21Cen tury
    

Skills/

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