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Understanding of the Potential Lffects of
Awareness of the Methods to Control and
Prevent Heat Stress Disorders
Understanding of the Causes and Lffects of
1hermal Burns and Ultraviolet Radiation
Learn How to Recognize the Symptoms of
Heat Stress and Provide Iirst-Aid
Heat Stress Introduction
Heat Stress Iactors
1emperature of Surrounding Objects
Level of Physical Activity
Heat Stress Lxposure
Heat: 1he Body's Reaction
Persistent sweating where the skin breaks
out in a rash
Perspiration glands secrete salts from the
the body causing a mineral unbalance
Perspiration causes the body to lose necessary
water causing dehydration
Severe muscle cramps due to loss of body
fluids and minerals
Heat Lxhaustion 1he body's thermoregulation system is
is overwhelmed due to the loss of large
amounts of water resulting in headache,
nausea and weakness
Heat Stroke 1he MOS1 severe heat-stress disorder and
life-threatening where the body internal
thermoregulation system shuts down
· Moist & Clammy Skin
· Normal 1emperature
· Week, Dizzy or Iaint
· Headache & Nausea
· Dry Hot Skin & Red
· Very High 1emperature
· Pulse Rate Rapid
· Possible Collapse
Heat Lxhaustion or Heat Stroke are
Immediate Medical Attention CALL 9JJ
Additional Risk lactors
· If your taking Medications check with your doctor or
pharmacy to make sure they don't have an adverse affect
under heat stress conditions.
· If you have had one of the heat-induced illnesses in the past
this can increase your risk. Let your 1eam Lead know.
· If your wearing additional PPL (ex. Heavy protective
clothing, hoods, respirators)
· Physical condition ÷ Better physical fitness (under a doctor monitoring)
results in a better ability to cope with heat.
· Age ÷ can contribute but is not a leading factor.
· Weight ÷ 1he ability to dissipate heat is a function of Surface area/weight.
Higher your weight the more internal heat you will generate increasing
· Lncourage workers to wear lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting
clothing. Workers should change their clothes if they get completely
· Use general ventilation and spot cooling at points of high heat production.
Good airflow increases evaporation and cooling of the skin.
Iood and Water Intake
1hermal Burn Sources
Degree of 1hermal Burns
Reddened Skin w/No Blistering or
Moist and Mottled Skin w/ Blistering
And Lxtreme Pain
Deep Burn of ALL Dermal Layers
Where Skin Becomes Dry and
Leathery and Charred
1hermal Burn Prevention
1hermal Burn 1reatment
´General Lmergency Care¨
· Stop the burning.
· Cool the burn.
· Cover the burn.
· SLLK MLDICAL A11LN1ION IOR
ANY SLCOND DLGRLL OR HIGHLR
· Call 9JJ in any case of an electrical burn.
· Do not go near the victim unless you are sure the power
source has been turned off.
· Cover an electrical burn with a dry, sterile dressing. Do not
cool the burn.
· Prevent the victim from getting chilled. 1here may be two
wounds, one where the current entered the body and one
where it left, and they may be deep.
Ilash Burn to the Lyes
Ilash Burn to the Lyes
Anv time írom 3-12 hours aíter o·erexposure to ultra·iolet light. vou mav begin
to notice svmptoms:
·Pain that can be mild to ·erv se·ere
·Sensation oí a íoreign bodv in the eve
In most cases. both eves are in·ol·ed. although the svmptoms mav be worse in
the eve that recei·ed more ultra·iolet radiation.
Always seek medical attention immediately if you have
experience a flash burn.
Heat Stress 1hermal Burns
Manage these three dangers before
they manage to get you!