Aims:. ‡ To consider secular attitudes to divorce ‡ To know and understand some of the Christian attitudes to divorce

Key terms: ‡Divorce ‡Annulment ‡Irretrievable breakdown


Key terms Divorce
Annulment Irretrievable Breakdown
A declaration that a valid marriage never existed.

The legal dissolving of a marriage so that partners are free to marry someone else.

to be broken down beyond repair


To identify and list some key facts on divorce.Today¶s Focus« 1. To identify and explain some of the Christian attitudes to divorce. To reflect on why people get divorced and consider your own opinion on the subject. 3 . 2. 3.

life isnt perfect and things dont always work out the way we had planned.....Unfortunately. 4 ....... It is very common for people who were once in love to go from this...

....To This . .... 5 . .

To this... 6 .

...And eventually to this.. 7 .

8 .Starter Question What is your opinion on divorce? ‡Give reasons for your view.

Reasons for divorce? When people seek a divorce they give many Reasons List some reasons why people seek a divorce (5 minutes) 9 .

µ ¶irretrievably broken ‡ ´We·ve fallen out of love.µ c) People can get divorced ‡ ´She·s had an affair with if their marriage has her boss. Some of them why you think its invalid are: ‡ ´We aren·t really suited b) What do you think to each other.µ could lead to ‡ ´She·s unreasonable.µ down·. What do you think ‡ ´He hits me. we is? don·t get excited by being together.µ ´unreasonable behaviourµ ‡ ´There·s no spark left.Reasons for divorce? When people seek a a) Do you think all these divorce they give many reasons are valid? Choose one and explain reasons.µ irretrievable breakdown 10 Tasks .

the were 160. Adultery (having an affair). The couple have lived apart for five years (no consent is needed).Before a court can grant a divorce.750 In 2002 there divorces. since 2000. Two years desertion Divorce ± some facts! In 2007 there were 141. The UK has one of the highest divorce rates in the world. of the following can be proved: Unreasonable behaviour. it has to be shown A marriage is broken down if one that the marriage has broken down. 11 .000 lowest rate divorces. In 1974 there were 113. The couple have lived apart for two years and the other spouse consents to divorce.000 divorces.

´What God has joined together. marriage is a sacred institution. no man can separate´ Mark ch10 12 . However.Divorce in Christianity In Christian law. But before looking at the Church teachings on divorce it is important to note what Jesus said about divorce. a variety of denominations have different approaches to divorce (the legal separation of a married couple).

. Divorce and the Reformation Until the 16th century CE.... However. Henry wanted to divorce her. when Catherine of Aragon failed to produce a male heir for Henry VIII. But just because remarriage is legally allowed. it has the structure to help and sympathise with those who find themselves in such a situation.Divorce in the Church of England Whilst the Church of England does not encourage divorce... A little History.. the Church in England recognised the Catholic Church and the Pope's authority. 13 .. and was considered too old to give birth to any more children. The Pope refused permission and so the only way for Henry to get what he wanted was to break away from the Vatican and make divorce legal. The Archbishop of Canterbury granted Henry a divorce in 1533 (under pressure) and Henry made himself head of the Church of England. that doesn't mean couples have an automatic right to remarry in church.

Religious Views on Divorce 1. Extension: Pick one of the Christian views and write a sermon (talk given in a service) on that denomination·s view of divorce and remarriage in church. Read the Christian views of divorce sheet and complete the tasks. if no why not? Refer to Christian teachings such as forgiveness. Son and Holy spirit. Today I am going to talk to you about divorce«µ Roman Catholic = priest CofE = vicar/priest Free Church = Minister 14 . ‡ Ex: Do you sympathise with any of these views? If yes why. Start ² ´In the name of the Father. Amen.

impotence or infertility. What is permitted in the Catholic church is an Annullment. The promises made before God cannot be broken. is a declaration that the marriage was never valid in the first place. Marriage is both a legal bond on earth and spiritual bond which God has witnessed. 15 . An annulment will be considered if there is reasonable proof that the bond between the two parties was invalid from the first day of marriage. The Church considers the bond of marriage to be a sacred bond that cannot be broken. no man can separate´. An annulment. It reflects the words of Jesus ´what God has joined together.Divorce in the Catholic Church The Catholic Church has strict guidelines on divorce and do not accept divorce. An annullment can be granted if it is proven: ‡The person was psychologically unstable at the time of marriage ‡The marriage was never consummated ‡One of the partners has hidden information such as a previous marriage.

Protestant approach to Re-marriage The Protestant Church like the Church of England teaches that marriage is for life. a divorced person may marry again in church. The Church does not generally approve of divorce The Church accepts that. in exceptional circumstances. If it is the lesser of two evils 16 . It also recognizes that some marriages sadly do fail.

17 .In the Protestant Church the decision of whether a divorced person is allowed to re-marry in church is down to the priest carrying out the wedding. They may try to find out about the intentions of the couple and if it will cause harm to anybody before agreeing to a re-marriage in Church. Prince Charles and Camilla. for example. Such people would also be expected to show remorse for the break down of their marriage and be willing to learn from their mistakes in their next. An increasing number of vicars are offering a blessing after the remarriage of divorced people in a civil (registry office) ceremony.

4. 18 . 5. 6. Write down the two you feel are most important. Does the couple understand that divorce is a breach of God's will for marriage? Do they have a determination for the new marriage to be a life-long faithful partnership? Do they seem willing to explore and grow in the Christian faith? Has enough time passed since the divorce for everyone to have recovered Has either of the parties been divorced more than once? Was their relationship a direct cause of the breakdown of a previous marriage? If a couple are refused a re-marriage in church they can have a civil ceremony and have their marriage blessed in church afterwards. 2.The priest carrying out the wedding will consider : 1. 3.

Was their relationship a direct cause of the breakdown of a previous marriage? Charles and Camilla This last question was very important when Prince Charles married the divorcée Camilla Parker Bowles in 2005. They had to marry in a civil ceremony. Had their adultery contributed to the failure of Camilla's first marriage? The Church thought so.6. although church rules allowed their marriage to be blessed in church afterwards. The royal couple could not marry in church. 19 .

It is very important to learn from your mistakes though! ‡ 20 . Methodists) ‡ Many Free Churches (Baptist. the marriage ends with the death of the love between the couple. Everyone makes mistakes but is also entitled to a second chance. Methodists) accept divorce and allow remarriage in a church ceremony. ‡ These dominations believe that it is better for the couple to begin their new relationship with the blessing of the church. ‡ These denominations believe that it is not the physical death of one of the partner which ends the marriage.Free Churches (Baptist. Rather. ‡ This is based on the Christian principle of forgiveness.

He answered. "Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery against her.9 When they were in the house again." Mark 10:10-12 21 . the disciples asked Jesus about this. And if she divorces her husband and marries another man. "Moses permitted you to divorce your wives because your hearts were hard.³ Matthew 19:8. I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife. except for marital unfaithfulness. But it was not this way from the beginning. she commits adultery. and marries another woman commits adultery.Two views on divorce Jesus replied.

However. re-marriage is allowed if a marriage has been annulled by the church. Britney Spears got married in Las Vegas over the weekend. This is because an annullment recognises that the marriage never took place legally in the first place. including a lawyer. Therefore no vows have been broken. Catholics that do re-marry are NOT allowed to take Holy Communion and this is central to their faith. Ms. Alexander was a childhood friend from Spears' hometown of Kentwood. 22 .Re-Marriage in the Catholic Church Catholics believe promises to God cannot be broken therefore divorce and re-marriage is not allowed. Spears and Mr. Alexander have filed for an annulment which will become official on Monday. but the bashful bride was single again less than 12 hours later. The pop star tied the knot early Saturday with Jason Allen Alexander at The Little White Wedding Chapel. But 12 hours later the pair put the hook up on hold as they arranged an annulment witnessed by several people. The couple apparently took a joke too far by getting married after drinking heavily all day.

A promise is a promise people should not get divorced ‡ Give two reasons why believers would agree or disagree ( 4 marks) 23 .

Plenary ‡ What has this lesson made you think about? 24 .

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