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Thursday, May 14, 2010
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Pre-departure Orientation Program
Today we plan to:
Pre-departure Orientation Program
S. Pre-departure Orientation Program .Today we plan to: Introduction Preparing to go to the U.
S. Traveling to the U.Today we plan to: Introduction Preparing to go to the U. Pre-departure Orientation Program .S.
S.Today we plan to: Introduction Preparing to go to the U.S. Lunch Pre-departure Orientation Program . Traveling to the U.
Traveling to the U. Lunch Academic Life in the U.Today we plan to: Introduction Preparing to go to the U.S.S.S. Pre-departure Orientation Program .
S. Social Life in the U.Today we plan to: Introduction Preparing to go to the U.S.S.S. Lunch Academic Life in the U. Traveling to the U. Pre-departure Orientation Program .
S.S.Today we plan to: Introduction Preparing to go to the U.S. Social Life in the U. Lunch Academic Life in the U. Traveling to the U. Culture Shock and what to do about it Pre-departure Orientation Program .S.
Social Life in the U.S. Traveling to the U.S.Today we plan to: Introduction Preparing to go to the U. Culture Shock and what to do about it Question Answer Session Pre-departure Orientation Program . Lunch Academic Life in the U.S.S.
S. Ambassador Runs Fulbright and other programs Recruits. Funded by both the U. and administers the program in Pakistan.USEFP: Who are we? Bi-national commission with 4 Pakistanis appointed by the Secretary. selects. supports program grantees.S. and Pakistan Governments Pre-departure Orientation Program .S. Ministry of Education and 4 U. citizens appointed by the U.
While you are in Pakistan Pre-departure Orientation Program .S.Preparations to go to U.
Orient yourself to your host institution Read everything on the web page Email your host institution about questions Learn about the city and area in which it is located Contact previous program grantees from Pakistan who went to your university Contact University Alumni Pre-departure Orientation Program .
of State sends us the DS 2019 We double check all information You fill out a visa application We send it to the American Embassy in Pakistan Pre-departure Orientation Program . but it takes time Dept.Visa Process This doesn·t need to be difficult.
and then Pre-departure Orientation Program .Visa Process Consular Affairs reviews it here Consular Affairs also checks with central computer in Washington Consular Affairs calls you for an interview Tell them the absolute truth You go to the interview with whatever they request You wait a while.
You get your visa! Pre-departure Orientation Program .
certified transcripts Certificates of immunization and vaccination Medical and dental records Prescriptions for medications and eyeglasses Contact information Pre-departure Orientation Program .S.Documents Pakistani passport current through U. stay Birth and marriage certificates Academic documents .
S.Documents DS 20 19 Translations of any certificates not in English U. Visa Information about where to go in U. Pre-departure Orientation Program .S.
S. Phone calls to Pakistan Travel Culture Uncovered medical care Pre-departure Orientation Program . Settling in Clothes.Financial Arrangements Determine what grant covers Extra for Books. Emergencies. especially in colder areas of U.
Packing your carryon Essential documents Medicines Extra glasses Laptop. plus extra underwear and shirt Take an Urdu. if you take one Two sets of clothes.English pocket dictionary Camera Pre-departure Orientation Program .
journals. books critical for work Decide on whether or not to wear American clothes Male scholars/lecturers should bring a suit and tie for special events or presentations Things to remind you of home A few holiday items Small gifts Pre-departure Orientation Program .Packing your luggage Good Urdu.English dictionary Papers.
Do not bring Electrical 220V Appliances Anything irreplaceable Common things you can buy in the U. or plants Animals Firearms or knives Anything made from an endangered species Pre-departure Orientation Program .S. seeds. Books you can get in libraries or bookstores Non-prescription drugs Food.
Contact USEFP To check status of DS 2019 To ask questions To see if there is anything new you should know Please do not call every day. we wouldn·t get anything done Pre-departure Orientation Program . As much as we would like to chat.
Traveling to the U.S. Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Plan to arrive well before the start of classes to allow time to settle in Fly America policy Economy fare Reasonably direct route Pre-departure Orientation Program .S. USEFP staff will arrange a ticket to the U.Tickets Once you have your visa.
and on campus Confirm if someone is to meet you at the airport Confirm telephone numbers Confirm backup plan Pre-departure Orientation Program .S.Check before you leave Telephone your contact in the U.S. Confirm your date of arrival in U.
Boarding the Plane
Limit carryon to what is allowed Checked luggage will not be available en route You will be searched and scanned before going on to the plane; don·t take it personally. Dress comfortably and wear comfortable shoes Check the weather for your arrival in the U.S.
Pre-departure Orientation Program
Arriving in the U.S.
Before landing, you will fill out information cards. Be accurate. Ditch any fruit you have forgotten in hand luggage. As you go in, queue in the line for Non-U.S. citizens At the desk, an official will ask you a few questions. Answer accurately but briefly. Everyone will be fingerprinted and photographed.
Pre-departure Orientation Program
Arriving in the U.S. ( cont«)
Most of you will go on from here to collect your baggage. For every planeload, immigration officials will ask a few people to step into an office for more questions. It may be random, or they may have a question about your documents. Don·t panic or get defensive, just go with the flow. Such hold ups are usually random or a computer glitch, so just be comfortable and wait it out. It could take a few minutes to a few hours. All countries have bureaucracies. Never try to bribe a government official.
Pre-departure Orientation Program
Pre-departure Orientation Program .shtm .gov/files/programs/editorial_0525.dhs.What to expect http://www.
Pre-departure Orientation Program . Land border travelers will receive their Form I-94 upon arrival at a port of entry.When you are en route by air Airline or ship representatives will give you a white Form I-94 (if you are a visa holder) or green Form I-94W (if you are a Visa Waiver Program traveler) to fill out before you arrive in the United States.
such as your passport and Form I-94 or Form I-94W The officer will review your travel documents and ask you questions. Have your travel documents ready.When you arrive in the United States A Customs and Border Protection officer will guide you through the inspection process. such as why you are visiting and how long you will stay. Pre-departure Orientation Program .
The officer will tell you when you have completed the process.When you arrive in the United States The officer will scan your fingerprints and take your photograph with a digital camera. Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Baggage Likely to be your biggest problem After Immigration. or drugs. food. Customs will probably search your bags thoroughly If they damage anything in the search. pick up your bags and take them through customs at your port of entry to the U. file a baggage claim with the airline immediately Pre-departure Orientation Program .S. they won·t bite. be sure to recheck your bags after immigration If your bags are not there. Just stand still. Dogs may check baggage for fruit. ask for a receipt If flying onward.
ask for a receipt If flying onward. be sure to recheck your bags after immigration If your bags are not there.Baggage Customs will probably search your bags thoroughly If they damage anything in the search. file a baggage claim with the airline immediately Pre-departure Orientation Program .
S.Flying onward in the U. shoes Take off coats and jackets Security people try to be sensitive Pre-departure Orientation Program . Go through more security Check laptops separately Take off belts.
When you arrive at your destination Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Social Life in the U. Pre-departure Orientation Program .S.
Orientation Get a map and find your way around the campus Attend orientation at your school for international students Attend orientation for all new members of your department Try to make friends with several people Ask questions Keep your sense of humor Pre-departure Orientation Program .
can find a South Asian store Pre-departure Orientation Program . find a halal or kosher butcher Try lots of American foods In many cities.Food Find a good grocery If important to you.
especially in the South Men do not usually kiss men (on cheek) to greet People of same sex usually don·t hold hands People of opposite sex usually just shake hands until they know each other fairly well Safer to use a formal honorific until person asks you to use first name Safer to use formal honorific with subordinates Pre-departure Orientation Program .Greeting People Most people shake hands Women often do kiss to greet.
.Meeting families Always good to respect elders Address with honorific until asked to use first name Parts of U.S. very much older non-relatives sometimes addressed as ´Miss and first nameµ or as Aunt or Uncle Talk about your family Should know that cousin marriage is illegal in many states Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Dating Only unmarried people date Often just friends Make no assumptions Treat someone else·s sister with the respect that you would want someone to treat yours Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Intimate relations Usually between people in a long-term relationship No means no at every step Be very careful. very serious Take medical precautions People will judge you by the way you deal with people of the opposite sex Pre-departure Orientation Program . Laws in U.S.
Plan for medical emergencies Find location of health unit on campus Make plan for routine health care and treatment Find location of drug store Find location of nearest emergency room Pre-departure Orientation Program .
fire. ambulance.In an emergency Call 911 Describe emergency Ask for police. poison unit Stay on line until help arrives Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Take measures to secure your home. Keep passport and valuables hidden.Safety precautions Carry only minimal cash with you. be careful in airports. Pickpockets are active all over the world. Always lock your doors and windows! Whenever possible. travel in groups. Stay in well-lit. populated areas Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Safety precautions (cont«) Most colleges have a service operating at night to escort students between campus buildings and home. If lost or confused. calm and seek help immediately. remain confident. Call the police Emergency telephone number: 911 Pre-departure Orientation Program . Use it.
S.Academic Life in the U. Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Professors lecture.Many things are the same«. mostly Students listen. mostly Professors give assignments for readings Students compete for grades Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Some things are different« Professor/student relations are less formal Classes probably have more discussion Students are more forthright More grading mechanisms Students also rate professors Pre-departure Orientation Program .
footnotes and citations Participate in class Respect the rights and opinions of others in discussions Pre-departure Orientation Program .Colleges expect students to« Attend class regularly and on time Do the reading ahead of time Turn in assignments on time Write academic papers with a standard style.
.« Teach all scheduled classes Plan for questions/interaction with students Take student questions/opinions seriously Encourage respect for divergent viewpoints Stay after class to answer questions Keep regular scheduled office hours Grade papers and assignments in a timely manner Keep professor/student relationship Treat all students fairly Pre-departure Orientation Program .Colleges expect instructors to...
but very serious about the ones they have People are responsible for their actions Most graduate students are very serious about their work Professors are very serious about their work Pre-departure Orientation Program .Don·t be fooled by the casual atmosphere Many university campuses are very competitive Fewer regulations.
May also be a grade-point scale from 0 to 4.0 or Pass/Fail Credit and course load requirements vary. Graduate students are expected to maintain a ¶B· average. Pre-departure Orientation Program . ´Fµ is failing.Grading System Passing grade is typically on a scale of ´Aµ to ´Dµ . Make sure you are aware of the policies of your institution.
to pay tuition. Finance Officer .sets up course schedule to complete your major on time Secretaries and Administrative Assistants ² will provide answers to your general questions Registrar ² to register. or drop courses. add. & other financial issues Pre-departure Orientation Program . fees.College Offices you will encounter International Office Academic Advisor .
Professors usually hold office hours for consultation. This is especially common among graduate students. Always address teachers as either ´Professorµ or ´Doctorµ unless otherwise instructed. Do not be shocked if some students call their teachers by first name.S.Professor and student interaction The code of social behavior between the student and professor is not as precisely defined in the U. take advantage of it! Pre-departure Orientation Program . as in other countries.
In the classroom It is important to participate actively in the following classroom activities and come prepared everyday. Professors will grade you on: Vocal participation Oral presentations Group projects Research papers Midterms Interactive setting/seminar format Pre-departure Orientation Program .
College library services Worldwide newspapers and periodicals CD-ROM references Copy machines Printers Computers for internet browsing Computers for library database searching Check for orientation and your particular library·s features and offerings Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Services and costs vary. Pre-departure Orientation Program .College access and availability Locate the ¶computer lab· at school. It is generally free but has limited hours. Visit internet cafés. Local libraries have free facilities but may require advanced reservations. Access the internet from public libraries. To access the internet at home you must have a landline phone or a wireless connection. There is a wide range of places that offer access at varying costs.
What are colleges strict about? Illegal drugs Any type of interpersonal violence Attending class Safety Discrimination Sexual harassment Plagiarism Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Plagiarism Worst academic sin Basically. taking credit for someone else·s work Cannot copy on tests Cannot copy ideas without citation Cannot copy more than six words in a row without citation Cannot get someone else to write your papers Usually automatic dismissal from program Pre-departure Orientation Program .
when a guy from Najran succeeds.Plagiarism Magied Alsqoor from Saudi Arabia at St. but by your tribe or family. it·s considered as a success for the whole city. For instance.S. this is not the case. It·s a good thing. In the U. We often get out of an exam and share questions with others and we think it·s a common thing because we grow up in a society that tells us to share things and wish the best for your friends. In Saudi Arabia. but it becomes a problem for Saudis in the U.S.µ Pre-departure Orientation Program . Cloud State University States: ´I think people in Saudi Arabia are very close to each other and so we grow up helping each other. your accomplishments are not recorded by your name.
After arrival. seek assistance from a professor. speak with the international student advisor or a leader of the international student community who is mature enough to provide cultural insights. If unsure of how to properly use citation styles. If cultural values seem to pose a challenge.Plagiarism ² How to deal with it? ´Before beginning classes. librarian or writing center staff (if applicable). one should be able to find many resources exist at the university for helping students to avoid plagiarism. it is a good idea to search the website of the institution one wishes to attend in order to locate and familiarize oneself with academic expectations. Pre-departure Orientation Program .
Sexual harassment violates acceptable standards and can occur anywhere Pre-departure Orientation Program . and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. that is not welcomed by the recipient.Gender issues: sexual harassment Sexual harassment is a form of gender discrimination that involves unacceptable sexual advances. requests for sexual favors.
cat calls.Forms of sexual harassment Verbal Profanity . or sexual overtones Spreading rumors about a person·s sex life Sexually-oriented remarks about a person·s clothing or body Persistent requests for dates Pre-departure Orientation Program .obscene or degrading terms for men or woman and inappropriate use of terms of endearment Obscene jokes.
magazines. leering. blowing kisses Leaving sexually suggestive notes.Sexual harassment (cont) Non-verbal Gestures made with intentional sexual overtones Staring. or pictures Physical Unsolicited or unwanted touching of any part of clothing or body Cornering or blocking Stalking or following Attacking Pre-departure Orientation Program .
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlaws racial discriminatory practices of any kind. Pre-departure Orientation Program .Race/color discrimination Race/ color is discrimination associated with any distinction. national or ethnic origin with the purpose of impairing the enjoyment of the equality of human race. exclusion restriction or preference based on race. color.
Pre-departure Orientation Program .) Forms of Harassment: Ethnic slurs or racial jokes. offensive comments Physical contact Physical isolation from certain positions Racial discrimination harms not only those who are its objects but also those who practice it.Race/color discrimination (cont.
S. Pre-departure Orientation Program .Living in the U.
Don·t smoke in public places unless otherwise stated. Don·t assume that nonverbal cues have the same meanings that they have at home.Do·s and Don·ts Don·t assume Americans know anything about your home country. Pre-departure Orientation Program . Don·t litter. Always place your trash in a garbage basket or dumpster.
Budget time for classes and studying but also for daily/weekly chores: cooking. laundry. Leave time in your schedule for cultural events and entertainment! Pre-departure Orientation Program . cleaning.Time management You·ll have to do a lot of things in a week that maybe you haven·t had to do before.
Challenges of adjusting to a new environment U. ask others to speak slowly. Speak slowly at first for others to understand your accent ² do not be shy. like ´Poli Sciµ for political science or ´TAµ for teaching assistant. wit and sarcasm as a mark of friendliness rather than disrespect. Pre-departure Orientation Program . Simply ask the meaning of a word or abbreviation that you do not understand. give yourself time to adjust to the local accent.S. Take American humor. regional accents vary.
What·s up with culture? .
you have a culture c.Start by acknowledging that a. they have a culture b. . one of your main jobs while abroad is to figure out for the new culture: what those differences are« where they come from« what they mean« and how you are going to respond when conflict or misunderstandings arise. some things in their culture will be similar (or may seem familiar) to yours d. some things will be different (maybe in ways you can·t even imagine!) e.
General Culture the general principals upon which cultures organize themselves the general categories of a wide range of behaviors and world views the ways cultures express their ideas and values how to improve intercultural communication how to learn another culture how to successfully and effectively cross cultural boundaries and return home .
stereotyping. . a strong tendency to characterize people of other cultures unfairly. and often negatively. b.belief that everyone else in the world sees the world (or should!) and interprets events as they do.Look out for a. ethnocentrism.Ethnocentrism is often accompanied by stereotyping. collectively. naive realism.rests upon the assumption that the worldview of one's own culture is central to all reality. c.
Cultural refers to what a particular group of people have in common with each other and how they are different from every other group.Universal. or Personal? Universal refers to ways in which all people in all groups are the same. Cultural. including those in our group. . Personal describes the ways in which each one of us is different from everyone else.
13. 7. 2. 12. 6. 5. fork. 8. 3. 15. and spoon Being wary of strangers Calling a waiter with a hissing sound Regretting being the cause of an accident Feeling sad at the death of your mother Wearing white mourning robes for 30 days after the death of your mother Not liking to wear mourning clothes for 30 days after the death of your mother .Which is it? 1. 14. 4. 11. 9. Sleeping with a bedroom window open Running from a dangerous animal Considering snakes to be "evil" Men opening doors for women Respecting older people Liking spicy food Preferring playing soccer to reading a book Eating regularly Eating with knife. 10.
American Culture & Values Individuality Privacy Equality Time Informality Achievement & hard work/play Direct & Assertive Looking to the future& change Pre-departure Orientation Program Pre-departure Orientation Program .
sparse population. unlimited resources and opportunity.Some Sources of American Values Protestantism A strong work ethic (work is intrinsically good) and the notion of predestination (salvation is apparent through worldly success) American Geography The frontier. isolation. distance from Europe .
Sources of American Values (continued) Escape from Oppression From religious and economic repression and rigid class system and social stratification The Nature of the American Immigrant Out of the mainstream in home country. dissatisfied with lot in life. adventuresome . willing to take risks.
What U. That person should be cut down to size.S. It's gone to his head. Value/belief: Egalitarianism . expressions reveal about American values Example: He thinks he's better than so and so. She's always putting on airs.
Possible answers Optimism Self-reliance Experimentation Directness Self-determination Emphasis on accomplishment Don·t judge by appearances Doing over talking Egalitarianism .
3.1. Value/belief : . Talk is cheap. 2. Put your money where your mouth is. He's all talk and no action.
Tell it like it is. 6.4. straight shooter: that's what we need. Value/belief: . She's always beating around the bush. straight answer. 5. Straight talk.
She did something with her life. Value/belief: . 8.7. Nice guys finish last.
Value/belief: . Tomorrow is another day. 10. Look on the bright side. Every cloud has a silver lining.9. 11.
Value/belief: 13. Value/belief: . Stand on your own two feet. Where there's a will there's a way.12.
15. Nothing ventured. Don't judge a book by its cover. Value/belief: .14. nothing gained. All that glitters isn't gold. Value/belief: 16.
when. why.Non-v r l ommunication Touch . . and under what circumstances people may engage in physical contact. how.All cultures have rules dealing with who.
Without such connection they may feel that they are "out of contact" with the other person. often. Eye Contact ³Americans depend on direct eye contact as a sign of active listening and. sincerity and honesty. .
or even to deliver contradictory signals. All cultures use expressive gestures. Gestures ³Gestures may parallel speech or be employed independently as commands. but they range from the very subtle to the grandiloquent and operatic. . commentary.
although personal space is always context-sensitive and variable. . really. Personal Space All human beings are territorial to some degree and. the optimal distance for normal social conversation can roughly by measured by standing face-to-face with an individual. For USAmericans. The ´sizeµ of our specific ´spaceµ is unconsciously acquired in early childhood. group norms exist for all cultures. try it and see! But tell them what you are doing first!). and sticking your thumb into the person·s ear (Yeah. extending your arm.
Timing matters (regulators) ³All cultures have wellestablished patterns that they see as important to maintain a correct flow in a conversation. This can be very subtle.µ" When they are excited. All this hinges on "timing." severe dislocation and miscommunication can occur. and often use a relatively direct communication style. USAmericans are quick to interrupt another speaker. but when people are "out of sync. .
other touching.. handshaking³how often. if any) is expected? Learning and using the proper form of greeting goes a long way to make a positive first impression. Honorifics: What titles are used to address people? When are first names appropriate (if ever)? What difference does status make in using titles? Greeting Rituals: How long is an appropriate greeting? Are compliments fitting? Are different status people greeted differently? What physical behavior (e.g. .
Time Language: When is "late"? Are there cultural differences in what might be an appropriate reason to be late? When can a party or dinner scheduled for 8:00 pm reasonably (by local standards) be expected to begin? .
economic. . social. Additionally. the degree of cultural immersion (or cultural isolation) the student experiences while overseas plays a major role in their positive or negative evaluation of their host culture. the greater the likelihood of culture shock.Culture Shock The greater the cultural. political. and religious contrasts between the home and host countries.
Common Reactions Culture "Surprise": Usually occurs early in "honeymoon" phase of adjustment. Culture "Stress": A mild response to "stimulus overload. Annoyance builds as daily reality becomes more difficult. . Culture "Irritation": Often manifests itself in terms of ´Item Irritationµ and is usually traceable to a few observable behaviors that are common in the culture. and to which an individual reacts particularly strongly (a personal ´hot button." One becomes tired and withdrawn.
it usually occurs within a few months of entering a new culture and is a normal. While the time of onset is variable. While culture shock is common. It can occur soon after arrival or within a few weeks Culture "Shock": Culture Shock comes from the natural contradiction between our accustomed patterns of behavior and the psychological conflict of attempting to maintain them in the new cultural environment. relief is available. Stress and irritation intensify as you attempt to study or work in a foreign environment. Culture "Fatigue": A fairly short-term response to "stimulus overload. . Ability to function declines. healthy psychological reaction. There is a cumulatively greater impact due to the "need to operate" in unfamiliar and difficult contexts. Symptoms intensify." This occurs when you begin to respond to the behavior of the "new" culture and are stressed by trying to deal with lots of new cultural information all at once.
and being taken advantage of Loss of focus and ability to complete tasks . may include inappropriate anger and hostility Sleep and eating disturbances (too little or too much) Excessive critical reactions to host culture/stereotyping Hypochondria Excessive drinking Recreational drug dependency Extreme concerns over sanitation. safety (even paranoia).Symptoms of Culture Shock Extreme homesickness Feelings of helplessness/dependency Disorientation and isolation Depression and sadness Hyper-irritability.
Stages of Culture Shock Arrival/Honeymoon Deepening Culture Shock Moving On and Adapting .
Prescription for Culture Shock
Understand symptoms and recognize signs of "culture fatigue" and ´culture shock.µ Realize that some degree of discomfort and stress is natural in a cross-cultural experience. Recognize that your reactions are often emotional and not always (or easily) subject to rational control. Gather information so at least the cultural differences will seem understandable, if not natural. Look below the surface. Look for the logical reasons behind host culture patterns. They "fit" the culture² discover why! Relax your grip on your normal culture and try to cheerfully adapt to new rules and roles. Don't give in to the temptation to disparage what you do not like or understand. Identify a support network among host nationals, teachers, fellow students, etc. Use it, but don't rely upon it exclusively. Understand that any "cultural clash" will likely be temporary. Give yourself "quiet time," some private space, and don't be too hard on yourself when things are not going perfectly.
Ten Transition Tips
Before You Go 1. Know Your Destination! 2. Prepare to be Understood and to Understand! 3. Learn the Language! 4. Learn Why Culture Matters!
Once You Arrive Overseas 5. Get the Logistical and Practical Arrangements Settled! 6. Find a Mentor 7. Stay Curious! 8. Watch for Culture Shock! 9. Keep a Journal 10. Chill Out!
When you finish your program« Your grant is given to you on the understanding that you will return to and begin serving Pakistan as soon as your degree is finished. No visa extensions (except in serious emergencies) Pre-departure Orientation Program .
USEFP will work with you to arrange your travel. USEFP will work on that with you too. If you have any trouble finding a work placement.Returning home You are required by law to depart within 30 days of completing your program. Pre-departure Orientation Program .
If you follow general guidelines. you·ll have a wonderful time. Enjoy it! Pre-departure Orientation Program .
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