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OBJECTIVES OF TREE METHODS

PRESENTED BY
JAGADISH (ME09307) BHAGWAT (MEO933O6)

WHAT IS OBJECTIVE TREE METHODS ?


It shows the objectives in a diagrammatic or in a tree structure or hierarchical pattern hence it is called as objective tree method. The aim of this method is to clarify the design objectives and sub-objectives and the relationship between them. It shows the objectives and general means for achieving them, which are in consideration.

PROCEDURE OF OBJECTIVES TREE METHOD


Prepare a List of Design Objectives (Client or Your Advisor Requirements, User Needs or Product Purpose).
Some from the design brief Others by questioning the client More by discussion in the design team

Group the Objectives into Sets of hierarchical levels, each concerned with one Highest-Level Objective. Draw Tree of Objectives, showing hierarchical relationships and interconnections.

EX. MACHINE TOOL.


Step1: Prepare list of design objectives
Main objective m/c tool must be safe and reliable Its sub-objectives are, - Low risk of injury to the operator. - Low risk of operator mistake. - Low risk of damage to work piece or tool. - Automatic cut-out overload.

Step2: Order the list into sets of higher level & lower level objectives.
-It must be safe. -Low risk of injury to the operator. -Low risk of operator mistake. -Low risk of damage to work piece or tool. -Automatic cut-out overload.

STEP 3. Drawing of tree structure


Machine must be mmmmacc safe

HOW

Low risk of injury Low to oprator

Low risk of operator mistake

Low risk of damage Low risk of injury to workpice or tool to oprator

WHY

Fig- Hierarchical diagram of relationship between objectives.

Outmatic cut-out on overload

EX. HIGH PRESSURE PUMP


Clients Requirements:
1. Rationalize range of pumps to reduce manufacturing costs (Standardization) 2. Improve Reliability 3. Convenient to varied and changing needs of customers

DESIGNERS ELABORATIONS
1. By Reliable & Convenient client means robust (not easily fail)

1. Initial List of Objectives becomes:


1. Reliable 2. Convenient
1. Robust

3. Standardized Range

ELABORATIONS ON INITIAL OBJECTIVES


Investigating problems with existing pumps revealed that thermal expansion of connecting pipes generates thermal stresses that can cause cracking & leakages. Consequently robustness & reliability were requested Investigating convenience objective revealed another two sub-objectives:
Pumps should be easy to install & replace Pumps should occupy the minimum space

EXPANDED LIST OF OBJECTIVES:


1. Reliable Robust Resistant to external mechanical stresses Unaffected by thermal expansion of pipes 2. Convenient Easy to install & replace Occupy minimum space 3. Standardized Range

RELIABLE

ROBUST

CONVENIENT

RESISTANCE TO EXTERNAL MECHANICAL STRESSES

EASY TO HANDLE

OCCUPIES MINIMUM SPACE

UNAFFECTED BY THERMAL EXPANSION

SMALL BASE

Objective tree for high pressure pump

NSTALLED INLINE WITH PIPELINES

MODULAR RANGE OF SIZES

DESIGN FOR SAFE LADDER

QUESTIONS

THANK YOU!