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# ANTHROPOMETRY

## Presentation for Ergonomics

Team Members
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Aldric Tinker Mohamad Tareq Azlan Aidil Adha Frank Ugak Raymond Nelson Leon Gombek Bill Clinton

Introducing Anthropometry

Definition
Anthropometry is the measure of wo/man (anthro=man, pometry=measure). The study of anthropometry is the study of human body measurements to assist in understanding human physical variations and aid in anthropological classification.

Purpose of Anthropometry
Guide in designing:
Equipment Workstation Work

requirement

Humans have a variety of physical sizes and capabilities Anthropometry aims to meet the needs that best fit a number of those concerned

Focus of Anthropometry
Focusing on the operator/worker using the work equipment/workstation and doing the work Taking into consideration the static and dynamic measurements of the human body:
as it is without movement Dynamic involving movement
Static

## Theory of Probability in Anthropometry

Presentation by Aldric Tinker

## Introducing the Theory of Probability

The branch of mathematics concerned with analysis of random phenomena Used predominantly in statistics As a mathematical foundation for statistics, probability theory is essential to many human activities that involve quantitative analysis of large sets of data.

## The Theory of Probability

Random variable is defined as a variable whose value results from a measurement on some type of random process Because it is impossible to measure all the workers (target group), a sample or small group of that. Expressed in the Normal Distribution Curve/Bell Curve

Bell Curve

## Bell Curve HR Perspective

Coming back

Anthropometric Data
Presented by Mohd Tareq Azlan

## What is Anthropometric Data?

Data on human dimensions in static and dynamic state

## Static Anthropometric Measurement

Passive measures of the dimensions of the human body Used to determine size & spacing requirements of workspace E.g. Finger size & length, arm length extended, arm length at 90

## Dynamic Anthropometric Measurement

Measures of dynamic properties of the human body Examples:
Strength Endurance Angle

of movement

## Hands & Fingers Basic Types of Motion

Presented & Demonstrated by Raymond

## Hands & Fingers Basic Motions

Flexion - Bending movement that decreases the angle between two parts

## Hands & Fingers Basic Motions

Extension - The opposite of flexion; a straightening movement that increases the angle between body parts.

## Hands & Fingers Basic Motions

Pronation - A rotation of the forearm that moves the palm from an anterior-facing position to a posterior-facing position, or palm facing down.

## Hands & Fingers Basic Motions

Supination - the rotation of the forearm so that the palm faces anteriorly, or palm facing up.

## Fingers Basic Motions - Abduction

Adjusting relation to mid-line of body A motion that pulls a structure or part away from the midline of the body (or, in the case of fingers and toes, spreading the digits apart, away from the centerline of the hand or foot).

## Fingers Basic Motion - Adduction

Adjusting relation to mid-line of body A motion that pulls a structure or part towards the midline of the body, or towards the midline of a limb.

Feet Motions
Presented & demonstrated by Leon Gombek

## Feet Motion - Pronation

Inward roll of the foot

## Feet Motion - Supination

Outward roll of the foot during normal motion

## Feet Motion - Dorsiflexion

Extension of the entire foot superiorly, as if taking one's foot off an automobile pedal.

## Feet Motion Plantarflexion

Flexion of the entire foot inferiorly, as if pressing an automobile pedal. Occurs at ankle.

## Feet Motion - Eversion

The movement of the sole of the foot away from the median plane.

## Feet Motion - Inversion

The movement of the sole towards the median plane (same as when an ankle is twisted).

## Anthropometric Design Principles

Presented by Nelson

## Anthropometric Design Principles

1. 2. 3.

Design for the extremes Design for adjustability Design for average

## Designs for the Extremes

Design meant to fit the axial extremes:
Tallest

## & shortest Thinnest & Widest Lightest & heaviest

May result in waste, but allows maximum useage Example: ladders, vehicles

Design to fit 5th to 95th percentiles of the population User/operator can adjust to their physical capabilities. E.g. adjustable chairs and seats

## Design for the Average

Designed to accommodate the selected portion of the population Problem: May eliminate the use by more users/operators Solution: Predetermine physical requirements of operators E.g. Firefighting equipment & fire fighters

## Procedure for Anthropometric Design

Presented by Frank Ugak & Bill Clinton

## Step 1: Characterise user population

Identify who will be involved/interact with the tool/equipment or process Identify the job that theyre doing

## Step 2: Determine important body dimension

Not all body parts will be involved in the operation. Which ones are? What are the important dimensoins?

## Step 3: Apply Anthropometric Principles

Based on the Anthropometric Principles, select one to apply

## Step 4: Determine percentile range

Which percentile range are the target from? What measurements adequately fit these operators?

## Step 5: Anthropometric Measures

Which measures correspond with your target? Are they:
Male

or female or both? Under 160cm, 160-170cm or over 170cm or other relevant height? Are they Asian, Caucasian, African? Are they fit, obese, lean? Etc.

## Step 6: Appropriate allowance

Will the operator/worker wear clothing or use other equipment that we should consider? What is the work environment the operator will be in like? Is there wide space for movement? Will it be confined?

## Step 7: Test & Feedback

Test the design Obtain operators feedback

Summary
By Aldric Tinker

Summary
Anthropometry The Study of Human Dimensions Meant to provide statistical data to improve working conditions and overall health and safety in the workplace. Anthropometric design principles Procedure for anthropometric design