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ANTHROPOMETRY

Presentation for Ergonomics

Team Members
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Aldric Tinker Mohamad Tareq Azlan Aidil Adha Frank Ugak Raymond Nelson Leon Gombek Bill Clinton

Introducing Anthropometry
Presented by Aidil Adha

Definition
Anthropometry is the measure of wo/man (anthro=man, pometry=measure). The study of anthropometry is the study of human body measurements to assist in understanding human physical variations and aid in anthropological classification.

Purpose of Anthropometry
Guide in designing:
Equipment Workstation Work

requirement

Humans have a variety of physical sizes and capabilities Anthropometry aims to meet the needs that best fit a number of those concerned

Focus of Anthropometry
Focusing on the operator/worker using the work equipment/workstation and doing the work Taking into consideration the static and dynamic measurements of the human body:
as it is without movement Dynamic involving movement
Static

Theory of Probability in Anthropometry


Presentation by Aldric Tinker

Introducing the Theory of Probability


The branch of mathematics concerned with analysis of random phenomena Used predominantly in statistics As a mathematical foundation for statistics, probability theory is essential to many human activities that involve quantitative analysis of large sets of data.

The Theory of Probability


Random variable is defined as a variable whose value results from a measurement on some type of random process Because it is impossible to measure all the workers (target group), a sample or small group of that. Expressed in the Normal Distribution Curve/Bell Curve

Bell Curve

Bell Curve - Skills

Bell Curve HR Perspective

Coming back

Anthropometric Data
Presented by Mohd Tareq Azlan

What is Anthropometric Data?


Data on human dimensions in static and dynamic state

Static Anthropometric Measurement


Passive measures of the dimensions of the human body Used to determine size & spacing requirements of workspace E.g. Finger size & length, arm length extended, arm length at 90

Static Anthropometric Measurement

Dynamic Anthropometric Measurement


Measures of dynamic properties of the human body Examples:
Strength Endurance Angle

of movement

Used to match the dynamic characteristics of controls to the user

Dynamic Anthropometric Measurement

Hands & Fingers Basic Types of Motion


Presented & Demonstrated by Raymond

Hands & Fingers Basic Motions


Flexion - Bending movement that decreases the angle between two parts

Hands & Fingers Basic Motions


Extension - The opposite of flexion; a straightening movement that increases the angle between body parts.

Hands & Fingers Basic Motions


Pronation - A rotation of the forearm that moves the palm from an anterior-facing position to a posterior-facing position, or palm facing down.

Hands & Fingers Basic Motions


Supination - the rotation of the forearm so that the palm faces anteriorly, or palm facing up.

Fingers Basic Motions - Abduction


Adjusting relation to mid-line of body A motion that pulls a structure or part away from the midline of the body (or, in the case of fingers and toes, spreading the digits apart, away from the centerline of the hand or foot).

Fingers Basic Motion - Adduction


Adjusting relation to mid-line of body A motion that pulls a structure or part towards the midline of the body, or towards the midline of a limb.

Feet Motions
Presented & demonstrated by Leon Gombek

Feet Motion - Pronation


Inward roll of the foot

Feet Motion - Supination


Outward roll of the foot during normal motion

Feet Motion - Dorsiflexion


Extension of the entire foot superiorly, as if taking one's foot off an automobile pedal.

Feet Motion Plantarflexion


Flexion of the entire foot inferiorly, as if pressing an automobile pedal. Occurs at ankle.

Feet Motion - Eversion


The movement of the sole of the foot away from the median plane.

Feet Motion - Inversion


The movement of the sole towards the median plane (same as when an ankle is twisted).

Anthropometric Design Principles


Presented by Nelson

Anthropometric Design Principles


1. 2. 3.

Design for the extremes Design for adjustability Design for average

Designs for the Extremes


Design meant to fit the axial extremes:
Tallest

& shortest Thinnest & Widest Lightest & heaviest

May result in waste, but allows maximum useage Example: ladders, vehicles

Designs for Adjustability


Design to fit 5th to 95th percentiles of the population User/operator can adjust to their physical capabilities. E.g. adjustable chairs and seats

Design for the Average


Designed to accommodate the selected portion of the population Problem: May eliminate the use by more users/operators Solution: Predetermine physical requirements of operators E.g. Firefighting equipment & fire fighters

Procedure for Anthropometric Design


Presented by Frank Ugak & Bill Clinton

Step 1: Characterise user population


Identify who will be involved/interact with the tool/equipment or process Identify the job that theyre doing

Step 2: Determine important body dimension


Not all body parts will be involved in the operation. Which ones are? What are the important dimensoins?

Step 3: Apply Anthropometric Principles


Based on the Anthropometric Principles, select one to apply

Step 4: Determine percentile range


Which percentile range are the target from? What measurements adequately fit these operators?

Step 5: Anthropometric Measures


Which measures correspond with your target? Are they:
Male

or female or both? Under 160cm, 160-170cm or over 170cm or other relevant height? Are they Asian, Caucasian, African? Are they fit, obese, lean? Etc.

Step 6: Appropriate allowance


Will the operator/worker wear clothing or use other equipment that we should consider? What is the work environment the operator will be in like? Is there wide space for movement? Will it be confined?

Step 7: Test & Feedback


Test the design Obtain operators feedback

Summary
By Aldric Tinker

Summary
Anthropometry The Study of Human Dimensions Meant to provide statistical data to improve working conditions and overall health and safety in the workplace. Anthropometric design principles Procedure for anthropometric design

Question & Answer Session


Ask all you want we wont bribe you for not asking. If we cant answer, well just say we dont know.

Wishing you the Very Best for the Exams


Thank you for your cooperation.