Hardware, Software and Peopleware

Complete me

The five main types of computer are: 1. Supercomputer 2. Mainframe Computer 3. Minicomputer 4. Workstation 5. Personal Computer

Complete me Personal Computers include: 1.Tower Model 2.Portable Computer .Desktop Model 3.

Laptop 4.Hand-held Computers .Notebook 2.Complete me Portable Computers are 1.Subnotebook 3.

Complete me Two kinds of hand-held computer are: 1.Palmtop 2.PDA .

Complete me For a person who needs a PC while travelling I will recommend Portable Computers like notebook. laptop or hand-held PCs . subnotebook.

Complete me For a businessman I will suggest that he/she will use Minicomputers .

Complete me For my brother who wants to use computer for his project I will suggest a Personal Computer .

ASSIGNMENT To prevent that greater damage from the earthquake. I will recommend using SUPERCOMPUTER because this has the capability of viewing conditions of the earth in a certain time. .

COMPONENTS OF COMPUTERS 1. Software 3. Hardware 2. Peopleware .

HARDWARE -All the physical parts of the computer -Parts that we can see and touch .

CPU .brain of the computer .1. Central Processing Unit .

data and intermediate and final results during processing .holds instructions.Three Units of CPU 1. Primary Memory or Main Storage .

Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) .performs mathematical operations and logical comparisons and divisions .Three Units of CPU 2.

.it receives instructions from software and executes them .Three Units of CPU 3.directs the sequence of operation and controls the action of the various units by electrical signals. Control Unit (CU) .

Storage Devices .this where data are stored .2.

Types of Storage Devices . can be read but cannot be changed . ROM (Read Only Memory) . Primary Memory or Main Storage a.stores data and instructions temporarily b. RAM (Random Access Memory) .

1.programs are stored and are not changed when power is off d.a chip that can be reprogrammed by exposing it to ultraviolet light. EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory) . . Primary Memory or Main Storage c. PROM (Programmable Read Only Memory) .

Cache Memory ² store frequently used data temporarily to allow faster access . Primary Memory or Main Storage e.1.

2. Secondary Memory or Secondary Storage -stores program and data that are not presently used by the computer -information saved are retained even if the computer is turned off .

Secondary Memory or Secondary Storage a. Hard Disk ² stores your computer·s Operating System (OS). Optical Discs (CD-ROM/DVD ROM) ² removable discs that can store large amounts of information. . b. programs installed and files.2.

2. Secondary Memory or Secondary Storage c. Magnetic Tape ² a recording medium that consists of thin tape with a coating of fine magnetic material d. f. Flash Drive ² small flash memory drive with a USB connection. Floppy Disk ² contains a flexible magnetic disc that holds data .

Input Devices .Allows you to communicate with the computer by ´readingµ programs and data .3.

Input Devices a. . numbers and other characters to signals that the computer can understand b.3. Scanner ² copies printed images and text and converts them into digital signals that the computer can store and process. Keyboard ² converts letters. c. Mouse ² act as pointing device that is use to choose and open programs and data files.

Web Camera ² allows you to take images and videos and store them directly into the computer . CD/DVD ROM Drive ² component that reads and records data in CDs and DVDs f.3. Input Devices d. Microphone ² a voice and sound input device that allows your voice to be recorded and processed by the computer e.

Monitor ² displays the information. Speaker ² makes sound be heard . commands and actions that you command your computer to process c. Output Devices a.4. Printer ² produces printed copies of documents and other data in paper b.

4. Headphone ² worn over the ears to hear audio or sounds e. Data Projector ² allows information to be displayed on big screen . Output Devices d.

4. Output Devices .

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