y Heart disease is one of the most alarming Disease in India today. y It is estimated that there are 45 million patients of coronary artery disease in India. y Today one fifth of the deaths in India are due to coronary heart disease. It is estimated that by the year 2020 it will account for one ± third of all the deaths in the country. y Studies from World Health Organisation suggest that by the year 2020 India will have the largest cardiovascular deaths in the world.
e HDL 2) Bad Cholesterol i.I HAVE HEARD ABOUT CHOLESTEROL BUT WHAT IS IT
Cholesterol is a form of fat. meat). 1) Good cholesterol i. But high cholesterol levels may increase risk of developing a heart disease.e. A certain level of cholesterol is necessary for the proper functioning of the body. It is mainly manufactured in the liver from a variety of products but mostly from saturated fats (such as ghee. butter. There are two types of cholesterol. LDL
.WHAT IS GOOD CHOLESTEROL
HDL or Good cholesterol reduces the risk of heart disease. It caries the excess cholesterol from the arteries to the liver for recycling or disposal. Your life style should be to increase HDL cholesterol level in your blood. Therefore more the HDL in your blood lesser is the risk of developing a heart disease. Thus preventing cholesterol deposits in the arteries.
.WHAT IS BAD CHOLESTEROL?
LDL is termed as Bad cholesterol and increases the risk of heart disease.
.SHOULD YOU TAKE DRUGS TO REDUCE YOUR CHOLESTEROL LEVELS?
People with heart disease and people who are high at high risk of heart disease may need to take cholesterol lowering drugs. The decision to treat cholesterol levels with drugs would be taken after cholesterol levels rise very high and also after taking into account other risk factors for heart disease.
Regular exercise such as brisk walking. swimming or cycling would also help.HOW CAN YOU LOWER BLOOD CHOLESTEROL LEVELS?
A healthy diet is a good start.
. You can help your self by cutting down on the amount of saturated fat in your diet. Other factors such as smoking and high blood pressure must be controlled.
.WHAT EATING HABITS ARE RECOMMENDED FOR YOU? HARMFUL FOOD
Ghee. Pastry. Nuts. Coconut Oil. Alcohol. Cake. Jelly. Ice cream. Vanaspati. Jam. Chocolates. Cheese. Soft drinks. Paratha. Puri and spicy food. Cocount. Red meat. Butter. Potato. Paneer.
Chicken only twice a week. home made curd. Green Chola. Cream Cracker Biscuits.
. Marie biscuits. Green vegetables in large quantity. Mustard oil. channa. Sweet can be taken in small quantity but not regularly. Dal. Roti from atta. any seasonal fruit and a limited quantity of salt.HARMLESS FOOD
y PHYSICAL ACTIVITY : Regular physical activity can reduce your LDL and raise HDL.
. It is therefore recommended to control your weight. It tends to increase your cholesterol level.WHAT AFFECTS CHOLESTEROL LEVELS
y DIET : Saturated fats and cholesterol originating from food you eat increase your blood cholesterol levels. y WEIGHT : Being overweight is a risk factor for heart disease.
WHO ARE AT HIGH RISK OF DEVELOPING HEART DISEASE
These are few of the individuals who need to be more careful as they might have a risk factor for heart disease. y Smokers or tobacco users. High blood cholesterol is hereditary
. y Individuals with high blood pressure y Diabetics y Age and Gender: As men and women get older their cholesterol levels increase y Heredity : Your genes are partly determine how much cholesterol your body makes.