HOMING GUIDANCE SYSTEM FOR MISSILES

MISSILE vs GUIDED BOMB ‡ The missiles can be guided along their path to lead towards the target and its path is agile ‡ Whereas in a guided bomb is dogmatic and jus follows a particular trajectory to hit the target .

. It acts as the brain of the missile.GUIDANCE SYSTEM -The brain of the missile ‡ The guidance system differentiates the missile from a guided bomb.

COMPONENTS OF GUIDANCE SYSTEM .

TYPES OF GUIDANCE SYSTEMS EMPLOYED IN GUIDING MISSILES ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ WIRE GUIDED MISSILES INERTIAL GUIDED MISSILES TERRESTRIAL COMPARISION GUIDED MISSILES COMMAND GUIDED MISSILES CELESTIAL GUIDED MISSILES BEAM RIDER SEMI-ACTIVE LASER HOMING GUIDANCE .

FUNCTIONS OF GUIDANCE SYSTEMS ‡ TARGET SEEKER ‡ POSITIONAL INFORMATION ‡ SPEED INFORMATION ‡ DISTANCE INFORMATION .

PHASES OF GUIDANCE ‡ BOOST PHASE ‡ MID-COURSE PHASE ‡ TERMINAL PHASE .

‡ Its also called TWO POINT GUIDANCE SYSTEM ‡ Its regarded as the fire-and-forget technology . ‡ In this kind of technology the missiles points itself towards the target by itself.HOMING GUIDANCE SYSTEM ‡ Its the most efficient and accurate type of guidance system as of now.

TYPES OF HOMING GUIDANCE ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ACTIVE HOMING GUIDANCE SEMI-ACTIVE HOMING GUIDANCE PASSIVE HOMING GUIDANCE RETRANSMISSION HOMING GUIDANCE .

ACTIVE HOMING GUIDANCE ‡ Both the receiver and transmitter are equipped in the missile ADVANTAGES ‡ Highly costly and sophisticated technology ‡ Regarded as fireand-forget technology .

..Used in???? LIMITATIONS ‡ Has countermeasures ‡ Very much prone to errors due to very Circuitry in the missile ‡ Limited to short range targets .

SEMI-ACTIVE HOMING GUIDANCE ‡ External transmitter is used and the receiver is in the missile ‡ Uses highly directional antenna. ADVANTAGES ‡ Used for very long range targets ‡ Used in SPARROW III and PHOENIX .

LIMITATIONS .