Industrial relation is basically deals with two aspects: Cooperation and conflict. Cooperation between labour and capital is basic requirement for the successful functioning of the modern capital enterprise.


raw material and finished goods or even when the resources are hired and when capital gets separated the problem of motivation comes. . . Chamberlain Here workers¶ like to work to the level which keeps them employed.Concept of conjuction ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ It is a state of relationship under which the parties. Here the concept says that a person work at its best when he owns the tools. offer the least in the absence of which relation will break. premises. instead of offering their best.Neil W.

sincerity and enthusiasm which people displays when they work on their own account. Here. what steps should be taken to generate energy.BIRTH OF WORKERS¶ PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT ‡ The question to be answered was. concept of workers participation in management came into reference. ‡ .

‡ .DEFINITION ‡ It refers to the joint effort of labour and capital to find out solution and remedies common to both. Ian Clegg says that ³ co-operation implies a situation when worker¶s representative are to some extent involved in the process management´.

Avoiding conflict and friction.M ‡ Increasing productivity. Promoting industrial democracy.GOALS OF W. ‡ ‡ .P.

Need for quick decision and ever changing market condition. Management of enterprise requires skills and technical ability.ARGUMENT FOR THE OWNER¶S ABSOLUTE RIGHT TO MANAGE. ‡ ‡ . ‡ Risk and growth go together.

‡ .ARGUMENT AGAINST THE OWNER¶S ABSOLUTE RIGHT TO MANAGE. ‡ Degree of risk is more for the worker than management. Right to manage an enterprise does not imply the right to manage men also.

‡ ‡ ‡ .FORM OF W. Worker¶s participation in management.P.M ‡ Information sharing Problem sharing Joint consultation.

Joint councils in Govt. Institution of employees¶ participation in mgt.s(1983) 7. Sector 1.S. Unit council and joint council in commercial and service org. Institutions in some enterprises in the Pvt.SCHEMES OF WORKERS¶ PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT IN INDIA Works committee(1947) 2. . Shop councils and joint councils under old 20 point programme(1975) 5. services 8. for P. Joint management councils(1958) 3.U. in the public sector(1977) 6. Board-level participation(1970) 4.

WORKS COMMITTEES(1947)   Empowered by Section 3 of the dispute Act. 1947. Central & State Government have framed a rule.1. Composition:   It consist of representatives of the employer & workmen The number of workers¶ representatives is not less then the number of employer¶s representatives .

´ in of to of  .Function: Workers committee is required to: ³Promote measures for securing & preserving amity & good relation between the employer & workmen and. to comment upon matters their common interest or concern and endeavour compose any material difference of opinion in respect such matters. order to achieve this end.

C.W. Deal with«         Condition of work Amenities Safety & prevention Celebrations Funds Educational & Recreational activities Promotion of saving Implementation & review of decision .

F. gratuity scheme and other benefits Quantum of leave and national and festival holidays Incentives schemes & housing and transport service . does not deal with«         Wages & allowances Bonus & profit-sharing schemes Programmes of planning and development Matters connected with retrenchment and lay-off Victimization for trade union activities P.C.W..

Working and assessment:  No. of W.C.s are less than required Failure was due to statutory committees and parties concerned do not evince sufficient interest in them Recommendation of commission:a. mutual agreement   . recognized union b.

2. JOINT MANAGEMENT COUNCIL (1958)  Common interest ³In a social democracy labour is a partner in the common task of development and should participate in it with enthusiasm«enterprise in the public sector have to set an example in this respect´ .

Objective:  Promoting cordial relations Developing understanding and trust Productivity Welfare and other facility Training     .

are to consist of equal no. of representative of management and employees not exceeding twelve in all.M. but not less than six in small undertaking Nomination of outsiders  .Composition:  J.C.

of law and agreements Create sense of participation Consultative function Information receiving and suggestion making function Administrative function .Functions:          Promoting productivity Giving employees a better understanding Self expression Improve conditions of the employee To assist in the admn.

Working: ³The peaceful evolution of the economic system on a democratic basis.´ ³To promote social mobility which is an imp. Ingredient of a social system´  Promotional efforts of government  Set up of special cell .


WORKERS¶ PARTICIPATION UNDER OLD 20 POINTS PROGRAMME (1975)  Formed on 30th October 1975.4. Made for organizations employing more than 500 workers It has provided for establishment of shop and enterprise level.   .

Shop councils: Composition and meetings: Functions: Assist mgt. Improvement Identifying areas Studying absenteeism Safety measures General discipline Physical condition Welfare and health .

Joint councils: Composition and meetings: Functions: Optimum production Solving unresolved matters Development of skills Preparation of work schedules Awarding rewards .

IN PUBLIC SECTOR(1977)    Introduce to increase worker-management participation in large organization. UNIT COUNCILS AND JOINT COUNCILS IN COMMERCIAL AND SERVICE ORG. The scheme was applicable to all public sector organizations employing 100 or more people but was mandatory to the org. having less than 100 employees .5. Its objective was to devise a system where mutual trust and confidence are created between both the parties.

 Unit councils: For solving day today problems at organization level  Joint councils:Formed at divisional or regional level or at a branch of organisation. .

6. SCHEME OF EMPLOYEE¶S PARTICIPATION IN P.Shop-floor level forum .S.(1983) Application: To all central public sector enterprises except those which are specially exempted.Board level forum .Plant level forum .U. Forms: .

welfare areas e. environment matters Board level:Its functions includes all the shop and plant level functions plus sometimes tripartite consisting of Ministry of labour . etc. operational areas b. Plant level:a. operational efficiency. personnel matters d. economical and financial areas c.Functions: Shop level:cost reductions.

7. employees except those in« a. The scheme covered all govt. supervisors whose salary exceeds maximum prescribed limit. in industries as managerial or administrative capacity c. class 1 & 2 b. JOINT COUNCILS IN GOVERNMENT SERVICE   Its objective was to promote harmonious relations and cooperation between government (as employer) and its employees. .

.Structure: It provides for formation of« Office council Regional council Departmental council National council Functions: All matters relating to condition of service and work. welfare of employees. improvement of efficiency and standard of work.

consultation. discussion and negotiation but mainly in resolving differences and disputes. if the above two are not effective than a tribunal to resolve any disputes . at division or headquarter level c. at lower level b. System:All the three organizations are having a 3-tier system a.JOINT COUNCIL IN RAILWAYS. POST & TELEGRAPH AND DEFENSE SECTOR Function: Co-operation.

8. WORKERS¶ PARTICIPATION IN PRIVATE SECTOR Labour management cooperation at TISCO:  Joint department council Joint works council Joint town council Joint consultative council of management    .

Participation of workers in management bill 1990:  Introduced in Rajyasabha on 30th may. Establishment council c.1990. at all levels and to formulate new schemes. Shop floor council b. Objectives: Main provisions of the Bill: Mainly a 3-tier system a. Representation on board of council . To secure participation of workers in mgt.

Lack of education and training. Indifference towards the scheme. Complains of plethora of joint bodies in Indian industries.        .RECOMMENDATION OF THE 2ND NCL(2002) Hurdles to worker¶s participation in management in India: Basic conflict of interest Multiplicity of trade unions and factionalism The scheme¶s consideration as imposed ones by the owners and trade unions. Lack of specific arrangements for sharing the gains of participation.

and Labour Legislation. (Pearson Education) -By Sinha. Sinha and Shekhar . Trade Union.BIBLIOGRAPHY  Book used: Industrial Relation.