Assalamu Alaikum« (Peace be upon all of you«


Leadership Emerges from the Imperatives of Change
by Eddie M. Alih
Awardee, Awardee, 2003 Ramon Aboitiz Award for Exemplary Individual

Lessons from History  Development of societies is marked by the factor of leadership. Leaders influenced people·s thoughts and shaped their destinies. there shall be the awaited one who shall bear the role of the redeemer. ´Messianic Cultureµ ² human existence relapses into the state of decay.   . Then.

a concept of resistance to tyrrany through mass civil disobedience firmly founded upon ahimsa (total nonviolence)  Satyagraha ² a major tool in the Indian struggle against British imperialism which finally helped gain the independence of India and inspired movements for civil rights across the world .Mahatma Gandhi Father of India Pioneered Satyagraha.

Mahathir bin Mohammad 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia 16 July 1981 ² 31 October 2003 Credited with engineering Malaysia·s rapid modernization Considered by some as one of Asia·s most influential leader Wawasan 2020 (Vision 2020) ² embodies the development thrust of government .Tun Dr.

Mahathir bin Mohammad 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia 16 July 1981 ² 31 October 2003  Initiated an effort at creating the conditions for a multiracial society Admired for the economic opportunities he provided for all Malaysians but developing the competitiveness of the Bumiputras. the native Malaysians His vision was to set the economic balance among the different ethnic and racial groups   .Tun Dr.

and unemployment . PM Lee faced many problems to include education.Lee Kuan Yew 1st Prime Minister of Singapore 1959 ² 1990  Oversaw the separation of Singapore from Malaysia in 1965 and its transformation from an underdeveloped colony with no natural resources into a ´First Worldµ. housing. Asian Tiger  After gaining self-rule for Singapore from the British.

Lee Kuan Yew 1st Prime Minister of Singapore 1959 ² 1990 1964 (21 July) race riots between Chinese and Malays which led to the death of 23 people and hundreds injured resulted to the expulsion of Singapore from Malaysia With the full independence of Singapore. the lack of natural resources like water and the limited defense capability were the major challenges faced by PM Lee .

Lee Kuan Yew 1st Prime Minister of Singapore 1959 ² 1990 PM Lee represents the kind of leadership that required collective visioning of harnessing human resources against the almost zero natural assets His success was in having full appreciation of the industry in creativity of his people .

Mao Tse-tung Chairman. Chinese Communist Party Chief of State. People·s Republic of China 1949 ² 1976  Mao·s ´Cultural Revolutionµ ² a vision of purging or detoxifying the age ² old mindset and attitude which to Mao was anti ² development  Mao wanted his fellowmen to detach from the past to look at the future .

He was able to instill in the people the pride of being Chinese after centuries of debasement and humiliation under foreign colonial rule  . the world is looking towards that Mao built Mao·s greatest contribution to Modern China was psychological. People·s Republic of China 1949 ² 1976  Today.Mao Tse-tung Chairman. Chinese Communist Party Chief of State.

and made Cory the 1st Woman President of the Philippines The ³People Power´ inspired freedomloving people to bring about ³bloodless´ revolt in many parts of the world  . Aquino 1st Woman President of the Philippines 1986 ² 1992  ³People Power´ led to the downfall of Marcos.Corazon C.

Aquino 1st Woman President of the Philippines 1986 ² 1992  Cory was then the unifying leader to topple down Marcos and credited for the return of democracy for the country The assassination of Ninoy compelled the Filipinos to take decisive action against the formidable Marcos regime  .Corazon C.

South Africa 1994 ² 1999  Nelson Mandela was the symbol of resistance against the racial discrimination of ruthless apartheid that trampled upon the human dignity of the Afrikaans He was imprisoned from 1964 ² 1982 but refused to compromise his cause to obtain his freedom  .Nelson Mandela President.

Imperatives of Change  Mahatma Gandhi  Decolonization of the Indian sub ²continent  Political freedom  Living their own lives and defined their future  Tun Dr Mahatir bin Mohammad  Inequalities in social and economic dilemma  Growing racial and ethnic conflicts .

Imperatives of Change  Lee Kuan Yew  Improvement of the prevailing socio ² economic conditions  Lack of natural resources  Appreciation of its human resource  Transformation of Singapore into a veritable ´island cityµ and a financial hub .

more of returning to democracy  .Imperatives of Change  Mao Tse ²tung  Resetting the attitudes of his fellowmen  Political economics influencing psychological or soul ²searching definition of what means to be Chinese Cory Aquino  Political life.

Imperatives of Change  Nelson Madela  Political persecution  Racial discrimination .

it means improving the economic lives of the majority of people In the political context. change is the removal of unwanted conditions In economic context.Defining Change  In social context. it means good governance   .

Leaders and Change   Leaders bring about change Circumstances or conditions cause the emergence of leaders Leadership thru election process Genuine leaders are tempered by the challenges faced by the entire nation   .Change and Leaders.

Concluding Remarks  Change springs eternal from great human values not from necessities or human wants If what you believe in is worth dying for.  . then life is worth living.

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