DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING

APPLICATIONS IN MEDICAL

D.Mahalakshmi II.M.SC.(ECS)

MEDICAL IMAGING is the technique and process used to create images of the human body.  Medical imaging .  Imaging of organs and tissues can be performed for medical reasons.  It is generally equated as radiology. such procedures are not usually referred to as medical imaging.

But employs a constant input of x-rays . With the use of radio-opaque contrast media. such as barium. Fluoroscopy .this can help diagnose ulcers or certain types of colon cancer.produces real-time images of internal structures of the body.TYPES OF RADIOGRAPHY Projection Radiography ± commonly known as x-rays determine the type and extent of a fracture. they can also be used to visualize the structure of the stomach and intestines .

Advantages of Digital Radiology  No Darkroom  No Chemical Processing  Lower Cost Per Image  Instant Viewing of Images  Less Radiation to Patient  Image Processing and Analysis  Transmission of Images for Consultation .

. resulting in images of the body. called the static field.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses powerful magnets to polarize and excite hydrogen. weak radio-frequency (RF) field. producing a detectable signal which is spatially encoded. a weaker time-(1KHZ) gradient field(s). 3 Electro Magnetic fields: static magnetic field to polarize the hydrogen nuclei.

Cont« Like CT. MRI traditionally creates a two dimensional image of a thin "slice" of the body. Modern MRI instruments are capable of producing images in the form of 3D blocks. Brain MRI No ± health hazards .

Scintigraphy ("scint") is a form of diagnostic test wherein radioisotopes are taken internally. Then. Diagnosis of tuberculosis .NUCLEAR MEDICINE Nuclear medicine encompasses both diagnostic imaging and treatment of disease. gamma camera capture and form twodimensional images from the radiation emitted by the radiopharmaceuticals.

while the cassette holder moves simultaneously under the patient from point "B" to point "A. .³ Computed Tomography or Computed Axial Tomography is a latest generation which traditionally produces a 2D image. The X-ray tube moved from point "A" to point "B" above the patient.Tomography Tomography is the method of imaging a single plane. Linear tomography: This is the most basic form of tomography.

. This is commonly associated with imaging the fetus in pregnant women.Ultrasound  Medical ultrasonography uses high frequency broadband sound waves in the megahertz range that are reflected by tissue to varying degrees to produce (up to 3D) images.

MRI and ultrasound scanning software to produce 3D images for the physician. techniques have been developed to enable CT. To produce 3D images. In diagnosing of gall stone. then combined by computers to produce a 3D model. .CREATION OF 3 DIMENSIONAL Recently. many scans are made.

OTHER TECHNIQUES Diffuse optical tomography Elastography Electrical impedance tomography Optoacoustic imaging Ophthalmology A-scan B-scan Corneal topography Optical coherence tomography Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy .

Compression of medical images  Medical imaging techniques produce very large amounts of data. especially from CT.  As a result. storage and communications of electronic image data are prohibitive without the use of compression. MRI. JPEG 2000 is the state-of-the-art image compression .

³Knowledge is valuable´ ³Don¶t waste it´ THANK YOU .

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