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CSWIP 3.

1 Welding Inspection

Practical Pipe Inspection


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Course Reference WIS 5 Course notes section reference 23
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Pipe Inspection

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Hi Low & Root gap Measurements


1 2 3 4 5 6

HI-LO Single Purpose Welding Gauge

Root gap dimension

Internal alignment

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Pipe Inspection Examination


Remember in the CSWIP 3.1 Welding Inspectors examination your are required to conduct a practical examination of a pipe test weld, complete a thumb print sketch and a final report on your findings

Time allowed 1 hour and 45 minutes Use your own code i.e. API 1104

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Pipe Inspection Points


1) Use a pencil for the arrow lines, but make all written comments and measurements in ink only 2) Report everything that you can observe 3) Do not forget to compare and sentence your report 4) Do not forget to date & sign your report 5) Make any observations, such as recommendations for further investigation for crack-like imperfections.
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Pipe Inspection Examination


After you have observed an imperfection and determined its type, you must be able to take measurements and complete the thumb print report sketch The first thumb print report sketch should be in the form of a repair map of the weld. (i.e. All observations are Identified Sized and Located) The thumb print report sketch used in CSWIP exam will look like the following example.

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Pipe final Inspection Report


After you have completed your thumb print report sketch of your test pipe the next step is to complete your final report again the report must be completed in ink (no pencil). The report must be completed to your thumb print sketch, do not leave any boxes empty, every box must be completed or dashed out. You must also make any comments you feel are necessary regarding any defects observed. The report form used in CSWIP will look like the following example.
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process Welding process:

EXAMPLE PIP Signature: I C

Lack of side wall fusion

Under fill

140

46 Name: [Block capitals] Mr. I C Plenty

API 1104 B

40

12

98

Arc Strike

WELD FACE

Outside Dia & thicknes

DCode/Specification used:

Welding position: Flat /PA

180

20

15

90

10

>1.0 mm Cap height : 4mm. Weld width: 12-14mm


NOTES:

Lack of side wall fusion

Undercut

Under fill

60

Slag inclusion

Slag

Page 1 of 3

120

38

15

25

Arc Strike

Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment (HI-LO): 1mm Spatter or scale on the pipe surface

Cap height : 3mm. Weld width: 12-14mm Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment(HI-LO): 2mm Spatter or scale on the pipe surface Lack of side wall fusion

Cap height : 4mm. Weld width: 12-14mm Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment (HI-LO): 2mm Spatter or scale on the pipe surface

Cap height : 5mm. Weld width: 12-14mm Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment(HI-LO): 1mm Spatter or scale on the pipe surface

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PIPE ROOT FACE


Lack of root fusion

Burn through

140

40

180

20

15

90

10

Lack of root penetration


NOTES:

Undercut >1.0 mm

Excess penetration 5mm

46

Poor stop start Penetration height : 3mm. Misalignment (HI-LO): 2mm Spatter on the pipe surface Lack of root fusion

60

Penetration height : 5mm. Misalignment (HI-LO): 1mm Scale on the pipe surface

38

120

Smooth Undercut <1.0mm Penetration height: 2mm. Misalignment (HI-LO): 2mm Spatter on the pipe surface Penetration height: 3mm. Misalignment (HI-LO): 1mm Scale on the pipe surface

120

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Pipe final Inspection Report


PRINT FULL NAME SPECIMEN NUMBER
EXTERNAL DEFECTS

I C Plenty 001
Defects Noted Code or Specification Reference

Defect Type

Accumulative Total 2 4mm


Poor blend

Maximum Allowance 3 1.6mm


Smooth

Section/ Table No 4
7.8.2 7.8.2

Accept/Reject 5

Excess weld metal height Excess weld metal appearance

Reject
Reject

Incomplete filling

22mm

None

7.8.2

Accept

Inadequate weld width (PIPE)


Slag Inclusions Undercut Surface Porosity Cracks/Crack-like defects Lack of fusion Arc strikes
Mechanical damage

N/A
70mm long 1.5mm depth 1.5mm 40mm 22mm 30x25
NONE

3mm
None 0.8mm 2mm NONE 25mm -----------------------

7.9.2
7.8.2 9.7.2 Table 4 9.3.9.3 9.3.10 9.3 Not specified
-----------

Accept
Reject Reject Accept Reject* Accept Reject**
Accept

Laps/Laminations Misalignment (Linear) Longitudinal seams (PIPE)

NONE 2mm N/A

-----------3mm ------------

----------7.2 ----------

Accept Accept Accept

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Pipe final Inspection Report Root


EXTERNAL DEFECTS Defect Type Defects Noted Accumulative Total 2
2mm 4mm 50mm 20mm 2mm depth 0.5mm NONE 70mm long 1.5mm NONE

Code or Specification Reference Maximum Allowance 3


3mm -----------25mm 25mm 1mm 0.8mm -----------None 2mm ------------

Section/ Table No 4
7.2 Not specified 9.3.1 9.3.4 9.3.6 9.3.11 9.3.10 7.8.2 9.3.9.3 ----------

Accept/Reject 5
Accept Accept Accept Accept See Notes *** Accept Accept Reject Reject Accept

Misalignment Excessive Root Penetration Incomplete Root Penetration Lack of Root Fusion Root Concavity Root Undercut Cracks/Crack-like defects Slag inclusions Porosity Laps/Laminations

This *pipe/plate has been examined to the requirements of code/specification API 1104................. and is accepted/rejected accordingly. Comments: * Request MPI testing. ** Recommend arc strikes are ground flush prior to MPI testing for cracks. *** Radiography Required
Signature

2003

I C Plenty

Date

22nd August
Use the other side for any comments.

*Delete which is not applicable.

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Pipe Code API 1104


Reinforcement Height: page 20 Reinforcement Appear: page 20 Incomplete groove: 7.8.2 page 20 7.8.2 7.8.2 Misalignment: 7.2 page 19 Longitudinal seams: Not referenced Excess penetration: Not referenced Lack of penetration: 9.3.1/9.3.2 page 21 Lack of root fusion: 9.3.4 page 22 Concave root: Burn through: 7.8.2 page 9.3.6 page 22 9.3.7 page 22

Inadequate weld width: page 20 Slag inclusions: 20 Undercut: page 24 Porosity:

7.8.2

9.3.11

9.3.9
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