3D Geological Modelling at BRGM

C. Truffert
BGR-GeoEurope3D ± 5th June 2008

05/06/2008

3D Geological Modelling at BRGM

1. Main axis and application fields of 3D geological modelling in BRGM 2. Softwares and methods 3. Examples of applications 4. Projects in R&D

GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM; BGR meeting, June 2008

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3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 1. «) > Research ‡ Development of geological modelling softwares GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. Two main axis > Applications ‡ ‡ Construction of 3D geological models (geometry + properties) Models are often the input for the simulation of a process (water or CO2 flow. seismic. June 2008 >3 . BGR meeting.

input model for flow simulation Urban geology Seismic risk Engineering projects (tunnel / mineral water «) Assessment of CO2 storage capacity Assessment of geothermal potential >4 GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. Application fields > > > > > > > Basic geology knowledge (regional / local scale) Aquifer inventory. June 2008 .3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 1. BGR meeting.

Main axis and application fields of 3D geological modelling in BRGM 2. Projects in R&D GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. Examples of applications 4. BGR meeting. June 2008 >5 . Softwares and methods 3.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 1.

geophysical inversion ‡ ‡ ‡ GEOMODELLER Complex geometry and fault network EARTH VISION (commercial software) Petrophysical properties. facies. true 3D objects. many data ‡ GDM + MULTILAYER Complex geometry. June 2008 >6 . BGR meeting.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 2. Softwares & methods 4 Main tools used : > > > > Layer-cake geometry. 3D simulations ISATIS (commercial geostatistical software) « home made » Methodologies and softwares GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM.

logs But no direct 3D visualisation export of result grids to other softwares (Arcview. faults considered as vertical 2D geostatistical interpolation ‡ Top. geostatistical cross validation) Stratigraphic pile 3D Constraint points digitized on 2D maps or cross sections (in GDM) Automatic contour maps (with scale. «). June 2008 >7 . 3D passage points ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Several thousands of data points can be taken into account Main advantages Full set of data consistency checks (hole-DEM. cross sections. BGR meeting. full geological map. EarthVision) GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. Mapinfo.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 2. axis. hole-hole. bottom or thickness of a layer Data: boreholes. hole-geological map. histogram. Softwares & methods GDM + MULTILAYER SOFTWARES > > > > Layer-cake geometry.

Softwares & methods > > > > Complex 3D geometry. geophysical inversion 3D potential field interpolation A geological interface is a particular isovalue V0 of a 3D field V=f(X. digitized cross sections. «) Geological pile 3D constraint points digitized on 2-D map or cross sections True 3D model (geological formation known at every 3D point) Full 3D visualisation (surface+volume) Geophysical inversion GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. BGR meeting. inverse faults. points from the geological map. 3D boundaries points + orientation data (Number of data limited to max 2000 to 3000 per geological unit) Main advantages ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Very Easy-to-use » software Takes into account structural data Complex geology (folds. June 2008 >8 .Z) ‡ Data: boreholes.Y.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 2.

digitized cross sections. BGR meeting. automatic fault throw re-construction geological pile Constraint points digitized in 3D 3D visualisation (surface+volume) Time/Depth conversion But more difficult to use.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 2. few holes) >9 GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. June 2008 . Softwares & methods EARTH VISION SOFTWARE > > > > Complex 3D geometry and fault network Spline type interpolation for layer-cake geometry. geological map. or 3D function for 3D objects Data: 3D passage points from boreholes. seismic data Main advantages ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ complete software. expensive More adapted for oil-industry data (many seismic. does not handle inequalities.

Softwares & methods ISATIS SOFTWARE > Simple or complex 2D-3D geostatistics > 2D-3D Interpolation (geometry or rock properties) > 2D-3D Simulation (facies simulation.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 2. June 2008 > 10 . BGR meeting. pixel-based methods or object-base methods) > Main advantages ‡ ‡ ‡ Includes nearly all geostatistical functions 3D visualisation (surface+volume) But need of good geostatistical knowledge GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM.

BGR meeting. Softwares and methods 3.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 1. Main axis and application fields of 3D geological modelling in BRGM 2. June 2008 > 11 . Projects in R&D GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. Examples of applications 4.

June 2008 > 12 .3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 3. Laragne (GEOMODELLER) GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. BGR meeting. Examples > Basic geological knowledge Paris Basin (MultiLayer) Champtoceaux.

Examples Main objectives : Describe the markers of the Messinian Salinity Crisis in the marginal basin  Understand relationships between the Messinian phase and the regional tectonic context GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. June 2008 > 13 .> Basic geological knowledge ‡ Marine geology (GEOMODELLER) Pre-Pliocene Geological Map (Isochronic map of the Messinian erosion surface) 3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 3. BGR meeting.

BGR meeting. June 2008 Model of SAQ aquifers Saudi Arabia EarthVision > 14 . Examples > Aquifer inventory / input model for flow simulation Infra-Toarcian aquifer Poitiers region MultiLayer GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 3.

3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 3. BGR meeting. 2002) : Geometry (GEOMODELLER) Nice model (alluviums) : model used to simulate the ground behaviour during a seismic event GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. June 2008 > 15 . Examples > Seismic risk ‡ ‡ Suva (Fiji. 2000) : Geometry (GDM) Nice (France.

Examples > Urban Geology ‡ ‡ Lyon (2000) : Geometry (GDM) + 3D flow simulation Bordeaux (2006) : Geometry (GDM+ISATIS).3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 3. June 2008 > 16 . BGR meeting. Geotechnical and hydrogeological properties (ISATIS) 3D probability map of being in a low permeability terrain in the alluviums of a sector of Bordeaux city Size of model: approx 7 km * 6 km * 15 m GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM.

Examples > Engineering projects ‡ ‡ France-Italy Fast-Train Tunnel (2005): Geometry (GEOMODELLER.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 3. figs. June 2008 > 17 .) Mineral water (2007): Geometry (GEOMODELLER) + double phase flow simulation GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. BGR meeting.

Examples > Assessment of CO2 storage capacity ‡ ‡ ‡ Dogger in Paris Basin : geometry (EARTHVISION) Dogger in Paris Basin: facies and flow properties (ISATIS) CO2Net project Permability model in cross stratified sanstone. BGR meeting. June 2008 > 18 . used for CO2 flow simulation (Cmos software ± GEUS) GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 3.

BGR meeting.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 3. June 2008 > 19 . Examples > Geothermal Potential ‡ ‡ Limagnes basin (2005) : Geometry (GEOMODELLER) ± volume calculation Paris Basin (2007) : 3D temperature field (ISATIS) GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM.

Softwares and methods 3. Main axis and application fields of 3D geological modelling in BRGM 2. BGR meeting. Examples of applications 4. Projects in R&D GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM. June 2008 > 20 .3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 1.

BGR meeting. June 2008 > 21 .3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 4. Projects in R&D > Improving construction of models ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ More data in Geomodeller MultiLayer functions in Geomodeller software More realistic geological models Improve imports and exports Improve geophysical inversion Faster algorithms and automatic workflows > > Links with further processing ‡ ‡ ‡ Develop appropriate meshers Models + metadata available on the web Public Geo-scientists. « GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM.

enabling : ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ search and display available data (drill holes. June 2008 > 22 .3D Geological Modelling at BRGM 4. geol maps «) download + pre-process this data build a geometrical model mesh this model according to the final objective of the work populate the meshes of the model with the appropriate properties simulate a physico-chemical process in this model display results in 1D. BGR meeting. 3D. Projects in R&D > Final objective: to give the geologist an integrated interface on his PC. 2D. 4D « > Web server for models and results GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM.

land-use. risk assessment.3D Geological Modelling at BRGM . BGR meeting. June 2008 > 23 . mineral resources and oil exploration «) > Continue Research & Developpement are needed to implement a workflow from data acquisition to 3D dynamic modelling > Different 3D modelling softwares are needed GeoEurope3D : modelling at BRGM.Conclusion > BRGM is involved in 3D geological modelling since 10 years > 3D modelling is the key issue for geology and forward applications (ground-water.

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