Sounds in English

Vitthalbhai Patel
English Department U. V. Patel College of Engineering

Ganpat University

The units of the text are divided in to some divisions: ‡ Pre-task ‡ Reading of the lesson ‡ Glossary ‡ Pronunciation ‡Vocabulary ‡ Language in use ‡ Composition ‡ Activity ‡ Writing

Divisions of the UNIT

WHEN TO ACQUIRE ?
Should pronunciation be taught and acquired early? Or is it something we can worry about later?

yIn the absence of a good model and

without guidance, the learner will perceive, produce and internalize sounds of the target language based on the native language sounds.
yFor this reason, if not given emphasis

at the very beginning, pronunciation will never be acquired well.

ySince pronunciation habits are

formed early, it seems obvious that it is at that point that the development of a good pronunciation should be emphasized.
yWhen accuracy is neglected, the

result will be fossilized pronunciation errors.

Therefore

Best to bend while it s a twig

HOW TO ACQUIRE

‡ Naturally: as a result of exposure and interaction
in the environment of the target language and its culture. ‡ By teaching: providing a good pronunciation model (instructors with native-like pronunciation, recordings, etc.), explaining differences, using phonetic symbols to make pronunciation visible, limited peer interaction, effective error correction, exercising accurate pronunciation.

In the study of English as a foreign language we must replace the saying seeing is believing with hearing is believing .

y English - Non-phonetic Language y In English ±

(symbols) yNumber of Sounds: 44 (Oral) y No one-to-one relationship between letters and sounds y One letter may represent one or more sounds y One sound can be represented by one or more letters

yNumber of Alphabets : 26

Vowels sounds

Vowel sounds (Diphthongs)

Consonant sounds

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