IALA MARITIME BUOYAGE SYSTEM

IALA means International Association of Lighthouse Authorities
IALA BUOYAGE 1

IALA MARITIME BUOYAGE SYSTEM
Two forms of the IALA System :
² IALA System ´Aµ-Europe, Africa, and Asia. Green buoys mark the starboard side of a channel in the ´Aµ system. ² IALA System ´Bµ -North, Central, and South America, Korea, and the Philippines. Green buoys mark the port side of the channel in system ´Bµ.
IALA BUOYAGE 2

IALA REGION

IALA BUOYAGE

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IALA BUOYAGE 4 . or ‡ Determined by the appropriate authority. ‡ Is indicated in appropriate nautical documents.approaching a harbour. In principle. river.DIRECTION OF BUOYAGE Defined in one of two ways: ‡ The general direction . estuary or other waterway from seaward. it follows a clockwise direction around land masses.

IALA MARITIME BUOYAGE SYSTEM ‡ Five types of navigation buoys: Lateral Cardinal Isolated danger Safe water Special IALA BUOYAGE 5 .

LATERAL MARKS IALA BUOYAGE 6 .

‡ used for well defined channels. ‡ indicate the port and starboard sides of the route to be followed. IALA BUOYAGE 7 .LATERAL MARKS ‡ used in conjunction with a conventional direction of buoyage. ‡ Differ between buoyage regions A and B. ‡ Where a channel divides. a modified lateral mark may be used to indicate the preferred route.

any other than composite group flashing (2+1) Retroreflector: Red band or square IALA BUOYAGE 8 . pillar or spar Topmark (if any) : Single red cylinder (can) Light (when fitted) Red.Port hand Marks ± Region A Colour : Red Shape (Buoys): Cylindrical (can).

any other than composite group flashing (2+1) Retroreflector: Green band or triangle IALA BUOYAGE 9 .Starboard hand Marks ² Region A Colour : Green Shape (Buoys): Conical. point upward Light (when fitted): Green. pillar or spar Topmark (if any) : Single green cone.

pillar Conical. any other than composite group flashing (2+1) Green band or triangle 10 Retro reflector IALA BUOYAGE . any other than composite group flashing (2+1) Red band or square Single green cone.LATERAL MARKS ² Region A Port Hand Colour Shape Top Mark Light Red Stbd Hand Green Cylindrical (can). point upward Green. pillar or spar or spar Single red cylinder (can) Red.

CARDINAL MARKS IALA BUOYAGE 11 .

IALA BUOYAGE 12 .CARDINAL MARKS ‡ The four quadrants (North. ‡ A cardinal mark is named after the quadrant in which it is placed. SE-SW. SW-NW. ‡ The name of a cardinal mark indicates that it should be passed to the named side of the mark. South and West) are bounded by the true bearings NW-NE. NE-SE. East. taken from the point of interest.

or the end of a shoal IALA BUOYAGE 13 .CARDINAL MARKS Used to: ‡ indicate that the deepest water in that area is on the named side of the mark ‡ to indicate the safe side on which to pass a danger ‡ to draw attention to a feature in a channel such as a bend. a junction. a bifurcation.

North Cardinal mark Colour : Black above yellow Shape (Buoys) : Pillar or spar Topmark (if any) : 2 black cones. VQ or Q Retroreflector: Blue above yellow IALA BUOYAGE 14 . points upward Light (when fitted) : White.

East Cardinal mark Colour : Black with single broad horizontal yellow band Shape (Buoys) : Pillar or spar Topmark (if any) : 2 black cones. base to base Light (when fitted) : White. VQ(3) every 5 sec or Q(3) every 10 sec Retroreflector: Two blue band IALA BUOYAGE 15 .

VQ(6) + long flash every 10 sec or Q(6) + long flash every 15 sec Retroreflector: Yellow above blue IALA BUOYAGE 16 . points downward Light (when fitted) : White.South Cardinal mark Colour : Yellow above black Shape (Buoys) : Pillar or spar Topmark (if any) : 2 black cones.

VQ(9) every 10 sec or Q(9) every 15 sec Retroreflector: 2 yellow band IALA BUOYAGE 17 .West Cardinal mark Colour : Yellow with single broad horizontal black band Shape (Buoys) :Pillar or spar Topmark (if any) : 2 black cones. point to point Light (when fitted) : White.

Group Flashing (2) Retroreflector: Blue above Red band IALA BUOYAGE 18 . an isolated danger which has navigable water all around it. Colour : Black with one or more horizontal red bands Shape (Buoys) : Pillar or spar Topmark (if any) : 2 black spheres. one above the other Light (when fitted) : White.ISOLATED DANGER MARK Mark erected on. or moored on or above.

‡ include centre line marks and mid-channel marks. ‡ an alternative to a cardinal or a lateral mark to indicate a landfall.SAFE WATER MARKS Indicate that there is navigable water all round the mark. IALA BUOYAGE 19 .

one Long flash every 10 sec or Morse A Retroreflector: Red and White stripes or band IALA BUOYAGE 20 . Isophase.Safe Water Mark Colour : Red and white vertical stripes Shape (Buoys) : Spherical. Occulting. pillar or spar with spherical topmark Topmark (if any) : Single red sphere Light (when fitted) : White.

21 . Cable or pipe line marks. Military Exercise Zone marks. Traffic Separation marks Spoil Ground marks. Recreation Zone marks. Example: Ocean Data Acquisition Systems (ODAS) marks.SPECIAL MARKS ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ IALA BUOYAGE Not primarily intended to assist navigation but which indicate a special area or feature.

but not conflicting with navigational marks Topmark (if any) : Single yellow ¶X· shape Light (when fitted) : Yellow. which side to pass. Note: If can. will indicate white lights.SPECIAL MARKS Colour : Yellow Shape (Buoys) : Optional. cone or spherical Any rhythm not used for shape is used. Retroreflector: Yellow band or an X IALA BUOYAGE 22 .

a preferred channel may be indicated by modifying Port or Starboard lateral marks. when proceeding in the conventional direction of buoyage. IALA BUOYAGE 23 .Preferred channel At the point where a channel divides.

Preferred channel to Stbd : Region A Colour : Red with one broad green horizontal band Shape (Buoys) : Cylindrical (can). pillar or spar Topmark (if any) : Single red cylinder (can) Light (when fitted) : Red. Composite group flashing (2+1) Retroreflector: Red band or square IALA BUOYAGE 24 .

Preferred channel to Port Region A Colour : Green with one broad red horizontal band Shape (Buoys) : Conical. Composite group flashing (2+1) Retroreflector: Green band or triangle IALA BUOYAGE 25 . pillar or spar Topmark (if any) : Single green cone. point upward Light (when fitted) : Green.

point upward Green. Composite group flashing (2+1) Green band or triangle 26 Red with one broad green horizontal band Cylindrical (can). Composite group flashing (2+1) Red band or square . pillar or spar Single red cylinder (can) Red. pillar or spar Single green cone.Preferred channel TO STBD Colour Shape Top Mark Light Retro reflector IALA BUOYAGE TO PORT Green with one broad red horizontal band Conical.

IALA BUOYAGE 27 .NEW DANGERS To describe ‡ newly discovered hazards not yet shown on charts ± naturally occurring obstructions (sandbanks or rocks) ± man-made dangers (wrecks).

² have an appropriate cardinal or lateral V.Qk. IALA BUOYAGE 28 . ² A duplicate mark will be identical to its partner in all respects. ² The duplicate mark will be removed when the new danger has been sufficiently promulgated. ² A duplicate mark may carry a racon.NEW DANGERS ‡ Marking rules: ² In the case of an especially grave danger. light character.FI. coded Morse D. one of the marks may be duplicated. or Qk.FI.

PHASE CHARACTERISTIC ‡ Isophase (Iso): This Light has equal duration between light and darkness. IALA BUOYAGE 29 . Also called Equal Interval (E Int). A period consists of both a light and a dark interval.

PHASE CHARACTERISTIC ‡ Group Flashing (Gp Fl(x+x)): ² Combination of two patterns in one period. Example 'Gp Fl(2+3)¶. the light is more on then off. IALA BUOYAGE 30 . ‡ Occulting (Occ): ² Occulting is the opposite of flashing. ² the first 2 flashes followed by the pattern of 3 flashes.

IALA BUOYAGE 31 .The End Thank You.

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