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Hello Wednesday, July

Assignment 3 Due today Final Review available soon Visual Journal Check

th, 20

2011

Do you See the Afterimage of the Flag?

Time and Motion

Time Made Visible

Sassetta, The Meeting of Saint Anthony and Saint Paul, 1440

Motion

Alexander Calders Mobiles Kinetic sculpture=using actual motion

Calder at the National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

Implied Motion

Principles of Design

Leonardo da Vinci, Illustration of Proportions of the Human Figure, 1485-1490

Balance

Symmetrical Balance

Andy Warhol, Soup Cans, 1954

Asymmetrical Balance

Vermeer, Woman Holding a Balance, 1664

Proportion and Scale

Annie Leibowitz, Wilt Chamberlain and Willie Shoemaker

Claes Oldenburg and Coojie van Bruggen, Spoon Bridge, 1985

Scale

Slinkachu

Concrete Ocean

Charles Simonds, Dwelling, 1970s

Michelangelo, David, 1502

Michelangelo, Pieta, 1500

Hokusai, The Great Wave, 1823-29

Ancient Greece

The Parthenon, 447-438 B.C.E.

Polykleitos, Doryphoros, 450 B.C.E.

Focal Point

Jacques Louis David, The Oath of the Horatii, 1784

Repetition and Rhythm

Jacob Lawrence, Ironers, 1945

Unity and Variety

Yukinori Yanagi, 'World Flag Ant Farm', (detail)., Ants, colored sand, plastic boxes, tubing, Tokyo,1990

Yukinori Yanagi, 'World Flag Ant Farm', (detail)., Ants, colored sand, plastic boxes, tubing, Tokyo,1990

Design

Impact of the Industrial Revolution

Mass Production The Arts and Craft Movement

Technology

Steam Railway Locomotive, 1804

Morse telegraph, 1844

Industrialization By 1850

Railroads on the Continent

Architecture for the Industrial Age


The First Worlds Fair
Sir Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace, 1851

Housed the International London Exposition, 1851 Exhibition of the works of industry of all nations

Sir Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace

Housed the International London Exposition, 1851

Sir Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace


18 acres, 9 months Largest space ever enclosed at that time

Crystal Palace Interior

Crystal Palace Interior

Crystal Palace Interior

Open May 1851-October 1851

28 participating countries

Crystal Palace Interior


worlds fairs were unique in that the everyday person could experience them firsthand. Anyone could enter the site and feel a part of something new, feel a part of the world community, feel what potential humanity has for doing good in the world.

Crystal Palace Interior

Sir Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace, 1851

Railway Stations
Painted by Monet several times

The first railway station in Paris Gare Saint-Lazare, Paris, 1837

Haussmannization
Baron Haussmann, the French civic planner whose name is associated with the rebuilding of Paris

Avenue de la Grande Arme, one of Haussmann's twelve grand avenues radiating from the Arc de Triomphe.

The Effects of Industrialization


Adolph von Menzel, The Iron Mill, 1875, o/c, 5x8

The invention of the steam engine and its application to manufacturing in late 18th and early 19th century resulted in a shift from individual pride in craftsmanship to the dehumanized division of labor.

The Effects of Industrialization

Jacob Riis, How the the Other Half Lives: Studies Among Tenements of New York, 1889

Jacob Riis, How the the Other Half Lives: Studies Among Tenements of New York, 1889

Jacob Riis, How the the Other Half Lives: Studies Among Tenements of New York, 1889

Jacob Riis, How the the Other Half Lives: Studies Among Tenements of New York, 1889

Jacob Riis, How the the Other Half Lives: Studies Among Tenements of New York, 1889

The Effects of Industrialization

Lewis Hine, Carolina Cotton Mill, 1908

Child Labor in the Coal Mines

Child hurriers hurriers

The Effects of Industrialization

The Effects of Industrialization

Industrial Staffordshire

The Industrial City

The notorious slums of 19th century Glasgow, Scotland

Thomas Anan, Close No. 28 Saltmarket, 1868-1877

The Effects of Industrialization


The work created by the new industrialized methods proved to be shoddy and in poor design

A Return to Simplicity: The Arts and Crafts Movement

William Morris, Pink and Rose Wallpaper Design, ca. 1890

Gustave Stickley Chair

Art in England

Millais, John Ruskin, 1854

To members of the Arts and Crafts, the Industrial Revolution separated humans from their own creativity and individualism; the worker was a cog in the wheel of progress living in an environment of shoddy machine-made goods, based more on ostentation than function.

William Morris

1875 Morris and Co.

Pimpernel Wallpaper, 1876

Arts and Crafts William Morris

William Morris

Philip Webb and Morris, Red House, Kent, England, 1860

William Morris
Philip Webb and Morris, Red House, Kent, England, 1860

19c Bourgeoisie:
The Industrial Nouveau Riche

Arts and Crafts and the Private Press


The most famous of the private presses From 1891-98 the press produced 53 books (totaling some 18,000 copies)

Troy, Chaucer, Golden

Gustave Stickley

The entrance of a building at Craftsman Farms, the artists community he founded in New Jersey in 1908

Worlds Fairs

Remembered most for the creation of the Eiffel Tower, the Exposition Universelle de 1889 was the fourth in Paris.

"Better City, Better Life," representing the common wish of the whole humankind for a better living in future urban environments.

An artistic rendition of Expo Performance Center

Paris Exposition, 1889

Architecture for the Industrial Age

Centerpiece for the International Paris Exposition, 1889 triumph of modern engineering at 984 it was the worlds tallest structure

Gustave Eiffel, Eiffel Tower 1889, Paris

March, 1888 Sept

Dec

March, 1889

Paris Exposition, 1889

Paris Exposition, 1889

Paris Exposition, 1889

Paris Exposition, 1889

Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, Eiffel Tower, Paris, France, 1889, wrought iron, 984 ft. high

Truthful to materials Cast-Iron Construction 7,300 tons of iron and steel connected by 2.5 million rivets

Gustave Eiffel

Truyere Bridge, Garabit, France, 1880-84

Eiffel Tower, 1889

Technology and Progress


1st steel suspension bridge in U.S. 6000 long, the longest in the world at this time
John and Washington Roebling, Brooklyn Bridge, 1867-83

Modern Advertising and Poster Design

Posters for Public Announcement

Advertising replaces Proclamation

Cheret

Toulouse Lautrec

Jules Cheret

Henri de ToulouseLautrec 1864-1901

Jane Avril, 1893

Henri de ToulouseLautrec 1864-1901

Toulouse Lautrec, Le Divan Japonais, 1892-3 color lithography poster 31x24

Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, Jane Avril, 1899

Henri de ToulouseLautrec 1864-1901

Moulin Rouge - La Goulue. (1891) Poster.

Henri de ToulouseLautrec 1864-1901

Lautrec, Louise Weber, Jane Avril, and Aristide Bruant.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, At the Moulin Rouge, 1892/1895 oil on canvas, 123 x 141 cm (48 7/16 x 55 1/2 in.) The Art Institute of Chicago, Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection

The Fine Arts Media: Drawing Printmaking Painting Sculpture The Camera Arts Architecture Design

What does a designer do? industrial textile clothing interior graphic environmental

Designer / Craftsperson / Fine Artist


* Craft = one of a kind, utilitarian * Fine art = one of a kind * Design = mass production, trend driven

The Great Exhibition of 1851 London A watershed for design in the mid century Decorative and industrial arts was the focus

Sir Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace, 1851

Arts, Crafts, and Machines 1860s-1914

Industrial Revolution = Mass Production

Many artists rebelled against mass production

William Morris, Pink and Rose Wallpaper Design, ca. 1890

Movement

Gustave Stickley Chair

Art Nouveau

Louis Comfort Tiffany Lamp Dragonfly Pattern 1890s Glass, leading and bronze

France: Le Corbusier

Machines for Living

France: Le Corbusier (1887-1965)

machines for living Villa Savoy, 192830, Poissy, France.

France: Le Corbusier (1887-1965)

Villa Savoy, 1929

Le Corbusier (1887-1965)
If we eliminate from our hearts and minds all dead concepts in regard to the house, and look at the question from a critical and objective point of view, we shall arrive at the House Machine, the mass-production house, healthy (and morally so too) and beautiful in the same way that the working tools and instruments that accompany our existence are beautiful

Villa Savoy, Poissy, France, 1929

City for 3 Million project (1922) Le Corbusier (compared with New York City)

Notre Dame du Haut, or Ronchamp, 1955

The Netherlands:
De Stijl

Compositions with Red, Blue and Yellow, 1930 o/c, 20x20

Typeface designed by Vilmos Huszar

Gerrit, Rietveld, The Schroder House, 1924-25

De Stijl (The Style), Holland

Gerrit Rietveld House, The Netherlands, 1924

Gerrit Rietveld House, The Netherlands, 1924

Gerrit Rietveld Red and Blue Chair, 1918

Germany: The Bauhaus


School of Art, Craft, and Design in Weimar Germany, 1919

Germany: The Bauhaus


Bau=Building Haus=House

Walter Gropius, Bauhaus Workshops, Exterior 1925-26

Walter Gropius (1883-1969)


Founder and director of Bauhaus

Aimed to create a school where industrial methods were used not for destructive wars but for the betterment of social conditions

Bauhaus 1925-26

Walter Gropius (1883-1969)

Gropius Office at Bauhaus

Germany: The Bauhaus

The academy isolates Individual genius cannot function in society

Walter Gropius, Bauhaus Workshops, Exterior 1925-26

Poster collaboration of Bayer, Breuer, Maholy-Nagy

Bauhaus

Herbert Bayer created a series of universal sans serif typefaces based on modular shapes and a limited number of letter forms

serif

sans serif

Letter forms as a metaphor for standardized mechanized production

Marcel Breuer, Chairs, 1927

Marcks

Stolz

Bauhaus Workshop Wing

Bauhaus Professors

Marcel Breuer, Chairs, 1927

Joseph Albers, Homage to the Square: o/board, 47x47

Wasily Kandinsky, Composition VIII, 1930 o/c, 55x79

Lazslo Maholy Nagy, LightSpace Modulator, 192230

Paul Klee, In the Current: Six Thresholds, 1929, o/c, 17x17

Photogram, 1928

Bauhaus

Bauhaus Professor Marcel Breuer, Chairs, 1927

Mies Van der Rohe


Less is More

Barcelona Chair

Barcelona Pavilion

Project for a Glass Skyscraper, 1922

Model for Home, 1924

Fransworth House

Mies Van der Rohe (1886-1969)


The last director of the Bauhaus

Barcelona Chair

Mies Van der Rohe (1886-1969)

Barcelona Pavilion

Mies Van der Rohe (1886-1969)

Mies Van der Rohe (1886-1969)

Project for a Glass Skyscraper, 1922

Mies Van der Rohe (1886-1969)


Structural steel and reinforced concrete

Model for Home, 1924

Mies Van der Rohe (1886-1969)

Farnsworth House

Synthesized the technology of the machine age with the purest principles of functional design

Germany: The Bauhaus

Walter Gropius, Bauhaus Workshops, Exterior 1925-26

Poster collaboration of Bayer, Breuer, Maholy-Nagy

Modern Architecture: Geometry to Live In

Streamlined designs gave form to the Machine Age by rejecting all historical ornament Form follows function

Le Corbusier
machines for living

+
The Bauhaus
Synthesized the technology of the machine age with the purest principles of functional design

Di Stijl
to create a world of universal harmony

International Style

Famous quote "Less is More"

Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson, Seagram Building, New York City, 1958

Director of Bauhaus Mies van der Rohe

Breaking down boundaries between crafts and fine art

Bauhaus Professor Marcel Breuer, Chairs, 1927

Bauhaus

Logos and Symbols

Letters and Pictures

Rene Magritte, False Mirror, 1935

William Golding, CBS Symbol, 1950

Other Types of Design

MTV Logos

Swatch Watches

Logo Design

Greek, Winged Victory 190 BCE

Design Awards
British designer Samuel Wilkinson and product design company Hulger, have won the Brit Insurance Design of the Year 2011 for their redesign of the low energy light bulb

Architecture Award Winner 2011: Open Air Library, KARO Architekten and Architektur+Netzwerk, Germany

Brit Insurance Product Award 2011:Barclays Cycle Hire, Transport for London & Serco

Field Trip: The Design Museum