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Costing and Cost centres Test

This test consists of 10 questions designed to test your understanding of and the use of cost centres. The links provide you with a choice of answer, along with explanations and solutions. You will need a calculator to complete this test.

Question 1.
Advantages of using costs centres include which of the following? a. Creation of an internal market b. Increased awareness of overheads c. Increased motivation of workers 1. All three 2. A and B 3. A only

A wide range of benefits can result from using cost centres. Your answer is correct.

A wide range of benefits can result from using cost centres. These benefits include motivation.Try again.

A wide range of benefits can result from using cost centres. These benefits include motivation and awareness of overheads.Try again.

Question 2.
A firm has total marketing overheads of 93,000. It allocates these overheads to 3 products, on the basis of equal proportions. What will be each products share of these overheads? A. 93,000 B. nil C. 31,000

This is the simplest method of allocating overheads. Just divide overheads by the number of cost centres. Try again

This is the simplest method of allocating overheads. Just divide overheads by the number of cost centres. Try again

Correct. Simply divide overheads, by the number of cost centres.

Question 3.
A firm has sells three products A, B and C. The sales prices are A - 50p, B - 70p and C-90p. Sales are 10,000 units of each. Allocating overheads based on total sales value, what will be product Bs, share of total overheads of 7,100? A. 3,500 B. 2,367 C. 4,370

Wrong. You must first calculate the proportion of overheads that must be allocated to each cost centre. Then find this proportion of the total overheads. In this question the method of apportionment was total sales value.

Correct. You have apportioned overheads according to sales value.

Wrong. You must first calculate the proportion of overheads that must be allocated to each cost centre. Then find this proportion of the total overheads. In this question the method of apportionment was total sales value.

Question 4.
Incorrect allocation of overheads can? A. Increase overall profitability B. Decrease overall profitability. C. Underestimate profitability of a cost centre.

Wrong. Overall profitability will not be affected, unless the wrong allocation of overheads leads to a decision to alter production quantities

Wrong. Overall profitability will not be affected, unless the wrong allocation of overheads leads to a decision to alter production quantities

Correct, if overheads are incorrectly allocated, then each cost centre will give misleading profit figures.

Question 5.
Profit Centres operate as? A. An integral part of an organisation, but with overhead costs allocated to it B. A separate part of an organisation, with its own profit and loss account

Wrong, this definition refers to a profit centre.

Correct.

Question 6.
Cost centre allow? A. Easier identification of where spending occurs B. Exact figures of profitability to be produced C. Greater central control.

Correct.

The figures produced will add accuracy to profit figures for each cost centre. But they will never be exact.

There will be greater central control through the allocation of overheads, but cost centres do imply responsibility moving from the centre.

Question 7.
Which of the following most closely defines an overhead? A. A cost to a firm that varies in direct proportion to output. B. A cost not directly created by production of a good.

Wrong. This is a definition of direct costs or variable costs

Correct.

Question 8.
A firm has in the past allocated overheads in equal proportions. The new method will allocate costs according to labour inputs. Overheads total 210,000, 4 products are produced, and product XX, uses 30% of labour. By how much will profitability of product XX alter? A. 63,000 B. 10,500 C. Nil

Wrong. You must calculate the difference in costs. The change is from 25% to 30%.

Correct. You have calculated the difference in costs. The change from 25% to 30%.

Wrong. You must calculate the difference in costs. The change is from 25% to 30%.

Question 9.
Discontinuing production of a loss making cost centre will in the short term? A. Increase variable costs B. Increase overheads C. Leave overheads unchanged

Variable Costs will fall, as output has decreased.

Overheads will remain unchanged, but they will have to be allocated to fewer costs centres.

Correct.

Question 10.
Firms should potentially cease production from a cost centre if? A. The cost centre contributes to overhead costs B. The firm has spare capacity C. The costs centres revenue is less than its direct costs.

Wrong. If the cost centre is making a contribution then it is contributing to overall profits.

Wrong. This will just increase the amount of spare capacity

Correct. The cost centre is reducing profits or adding to the firms losses. No contribution is being made by this cost centre.

You have now completed the test. For further more detailed revision please use the case studies on the ALoA wb site. www.aloa.co.uk