Term: Magnetic Declination Website: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/ Go to Geomagnetic Data Go to Declination Go to Compute your declination (N38° W77° (N38°, W77°) What is the declination for Warrenton? What was it on this day in 1994? 1974?

Magnetic Declination
The number of degrees that a compass needle is pulled away from True North to point toward Magnetic North

Declination Diagram .

Magnetic Flux The Earth s Magnetic Field is NOT stationary You need current map or use a declination chart or website .

Warrenton 1994 Diagram .True North the top of the earth GN Grid North 1° 45 MN Magnetic North 10° 10° GN MN .

Declination for Warrenton 2009= 10°9 10° 1994= 9°54 9° 1974= 7°47 7° .

Do not use the compass magnetic needle. When using the ground MAGNETIC Bearings. and vice versa. a declination diagram is placed on the map margin. compass. nor can you plot a MN with a protractor. To assist you in making the conversion from MN to GN. use a Compass to Measure .use a protractor to measure GRID Bearings. When using a map .Why do we need to know all this? So that we can navigate using a map the ground and map. compass You cannot follow a GN with a compass.

1. So MN to GN ADD 321°+ 10° = 331° GN 331° Draw this angle on your map From map to ground ground. It is 331° GN. You measure the bearing of a point on the map with a protractor. 331° 2. The G-M ANGLE on the Map is 10° 3. It is 321° MN. The G-M ANGLE on the Map is 10° 3. You measure the bearing of a landmark on the ground with a compass. 1. So GN to MN SUBTRACT 331 10° = 321° MN 331°Put this on your compass .Map Information ± Direction CONVERSION for Western Declination From ground to map map. 2.

True North the top of the earth GN Grid North 1° 45 MN Magnetic North 10° 10° IF you read 90° (east) on your 90° map. what should your compass reading be to walk directly east? GN MN .Warrenton 1994 Diagram .

Remember which North you are using! On your map decide if you will use:  The True North (Outside border lines)  The Grid North (The inside grid lines) Use the Magnetic to Grid or Magnetic to True conversion .

Rotate map and compass until the magnetic needle of the compass points to the number of degrees the magnetic north is to the right or left of map north. . Note the degree. Line up one of the long sides of the compass with one of the map's north-south margins. Find the declination diagram in the map's margin. 3. 2. Make sure norththe direction of travel arrow on the compass points to north on the map.How to Orient a Map 1.

Types of Compasses Military Lensatic Baseplate Compass Thumb Compass .

LENS REAR SITE Lanyard Ring Thumb Loop Graduated Straight Edge 1.PART 1 Basic Land Navigation LENSATIC COMPASS PARTS and Features of a Lensatic compass Bezel Floating Dial Fixed Index Line Luminous Sighting Dots Sighting Wire Luminous Magnetic Arrow Luminous Bezel Line Luminous Heading Lens Sighting Slot 3. COVER 2. BASE .

 6400 Mils to a Circle  Distance Between Small Marks = 20 Mils  Distance Between Big Marks = 100 Mils  Distance Between Numbers = 200 Mils N = 64 (6400) E = 16 (1600) S = 32 (3200) W = 48 (4800) 8. tank. and mortar gunnery.89 Mils = ½ Degree 17.  360 Degrees to a Circle  Distance Between Red Marks = 5º  Distance Between Big Marks = 10º  Distance Between Red Numbers = 20º N = 0º E = 90º S = 180º W = 270º .is used mainly in artillery.78 Mils = 1 Degree RED RING Degrees ± common unit of measure is the degree (º).PART 1 Basic Land Navigation FLOATING DIAL SCALE BLACK RING Mils . AND is also used for very accurate azimuth land navigation.

PART 1 Basic Land Navigation SIGHTING A LENSATIC COMPASS .

PART 1 Basic Land Navigation SIGHTING A LENSATIC COMPASS .

PART 1 Basic Land Navigation SIGHTING A LENSATIC COMPASS .

SIGHTING A LENSATIC COMPASS PART 1 Basic Land Navigation .

SIGHTING A LENSATIC COMPASS PART 1 Basic Land Navigation 65° AZIMUTH (11.5m = 1.150mils) .

What if You wanted to hike from the hill 700 west of the hort building to the tower on View Tree Road. What map azimuth do you measure? What would your compass reading be? .

for the Hort Bdg? What terrain feature is found at 526 905? What terrain feature is found at 553 919? What is the elevation at Fauquier High School? What is the elevation of Fauquier Hospital? . 6. How far is it on Rt 678 from where Lower Waterloo Rd splits off & remeets 678. What is the 6 digit coord. 2. 4. 3. 5.Handout Map Answer in your notebook 1.