Cognitive Therapy


Aim Of the Therapy
 This

cures the underlying mental cause of the disorder by restructuring the maldaptive thought processes which causes the abnormal thinking. It helps change the way people think about themselves and the environment. This therapy helps to concentrate on current thinking

 Beck’s

theory (1979) helps change the way people think. Its done between the client and therapist. The therapist challenges the clients assumptions by pointing out errors, this gives the client knowledge and then tries to make sense of it.

Ellis Rational

emotive behaviour therapy- This helps teach the patient to recognise what is wrong with them and replace negative thoughts with positive thoughts. example, having weather may not be seen as a bad thing, it could be seen as a good thing because its different.

 For

Kelley's personal construct therapy.
 Based

on the personality of the person. (done by asking the client his perspective of the world) Then use the Repertory guide to help the client understand and become more functional.

Meichanbaums Self instructional training
Meichanbaumed believed all of our problems are caused by negative, self defeating and inner dialogue. The therapy identifies the problems by encouraging the people to think positive.


Helps combat depression by correcting thoughts about the self. Anxiety Disorders- Beck’s therapy has helped to counter panic attacks and problems. Impulsive Children- Meichenbaum’s self instruction problems has been used for self control. Stress- Meichanbaum applied his stress ideas to work places. Schizophrenia-Helps remove hallucinations and delusions.


Cognitive therapies have shown to be just as effective as drug problems. Some reports have shown higher success rates. Anxiety disorders behave well. Some research indicates that this isn't good to all behavioural techniques, such as systematic desensitising.

Cognitive Therapy helps reduce stress

 Ellis

therapy is more forceful and directive than others, cognitive therapies give people self control. They do tackle all aspects of a problem but are more complete with their approach. For example, it tries mainly to tackle negative thoughts (i.e. certain situations of a workplace).

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