FRENCH REVOLUTION, 17891789-1799

French Revolution: Background 

French Monarchy
Warfare Financial Crisis Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette CharlesCharles-Alexander de Calonne posed to tax the nobility, tax on land to land value and lower tax on poor. Refused to be taxed  Tax Reform     

French Society 
Nobility Wealthy nobles and businessmen, refused to be taxed  Clergy  The 3rd estate the common people, poor and rich peasants 

Social Discontent 
Harvest failures

Enlightenment s discourse 
Freedom & Equality

Louis XVI

Marie Antoinette .

Versailles .

Ancien Regime .

The National Assembly 3rd estate that separated in 1789.French Revolution: First Stages           Parlements 13 judicial boards The Assembly of Notables. July 14. Economic decline Popular violence Bastille. 1787 The Estates-General institution to deal with financial Estatescrisis. mob got arms for battle Peasant Insurrections Abolition of Feudalism . 1789 large prison in Paris. The assembly dissolved in 1791 so that new elections could take place under the new constitution. Tennis Court Oath swear not to give up until new constitution had been agreed upon.

Tennis Court Oath .

Estates General/ National Assembly .

Storm of Bastille .

Jacques Pierre Brissot declared war on Austria and Prussia. Constitution.Consolidating & Radicalizing the Revolution        Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen.executive power answerable to a legislative assembly. Most radical element of Revolution. happen to Loius XVI. 1791. who tried to run away. called for democratic solutions to French problems. 1791 Prussia and Austria said any harm Pilnitz. August 26. King Louis XVI could only temporarily veto legislation passed by the assembly. August 27. The constitution restricted voting in the assembly to the upper and middle classes of French society and abolished nobility as a legal order. . 1789  Liberty. Equality and Fraternity  proper judicial code and the autonomy of the French people. . Jacobin Club Led by Maximilien Robespierre. SansSans-Culottes (No Breeches) Urban workers & peasants wished to class themselves from high classes. Politization of Society Varennes Declaration of Pilnitz.

Declaration of rights .

Liberty. Fraternity. Equality .

Sans Culottes .


Inside of a Jacobin Club .

Varrenes .

Flight to Varennes .

Radical Phase (1791 1794): Civil Rights vs. 1793 Counterrevolution  Military conscription  Peasants rebel against the revolution  Vendee . January. National Security  Reactions in Europe  Foreign invasion  Valmy (Prussians and Austrians defeated)    Monarchy Deposed French Republic Proclaimed (1792) National Convention  Jacobines  Universal Manhood suffrage  Reforms   Louis XIV executed.000 executed b/c of counterrevolution 1794- . March 1793  Committee of Public Safety  Robespierre Jacobin member took control to stabilize economy  The Law of Suspects dictatorial powers in 3/1973 to deal with wars and economic problems at home  Terror 1794-95 had more than 15.

Battle at Valmy .

Louis XVI Executed .

Joseph Ignace Guillotin .

March 1793 .Vendee.

They resented the changes imposed on the Roman Catholic Church by the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1793) and broke into open 1793) revolt in defiance of the Revolutionary government's military conscription. It died with its wives and its children by our free sabers. as the Chouans (screech owls) at the outset. I do not have a prisoner to reproach me. I have all exterminated. According to the orders that you gave me. The suppression of the Catholic Royalists was merciless. I have just buried it in the woods and the swamps of Savenay. 1796. At the conclusion of the action at Savenay. massacred the women who. known as the Revolt in the Vendée and would cost more than 100. "There Safety. . A guerrilla war. I crushed the children under the feet of the horses.Revolt in the Vendée  the peasants revolted against the Revolutionary government in 1793. at least for these. is no more Vendée. the French General François Joseph Westermann wrote to the Committee of Public Safety. will not give birth to any more brigands.000 lives until it ended in 1796. led by an underground faction known conscription. 1793.

Robespierre .

Terror: "Cest affreux mais nécessaire" (It is dreadful but necessary) .

Reign of Terror .

period of governmental restructuring began Robespierre arrested & beheaded Directory to control executive responsibilities and appointments appointed by leg. 1799 revolt against Directory etat.French Revolution: Final Stage (1794(1794-99)        Termidorian Reaction. Assembly soon overthrown Popular protest Royalist insurrection Napoleon Bonaparte French general Coup d etat. 1794-95 era after death 1794of Robespierre. .

Napoleon Bonaparte .

1802  Emperor.The Age of Napoleon  Consolidation of Power  First Council  Council for Life. 1804      Conquest Napoleonic Code Abolition of Feudalism (Serfdom) Fall of Napoleon Napoleon s legacy  Liberal movement  Nationalism .

Coronation of Napoleon .

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