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Humanities Through The Arts
Chapter One The Humanities A Study Of Values
What is humanities?
Humanus(latin)- ³human, cultured, refined´ Human qualities- rationality, kindness, and tenderness which gain connotation based on values, beliefs and experiences.
The humanities are those studies that are directly concerned with human values. Unlike the sciences, which are expressed through numbers and symbols, human values can be perceived, felt, and expressed in subtle and enduring ways.
Meaning of Humanities
In the medieval period the word ³Humanities´ distinguished that which pertained to humans from that which pertained to God. At present it refers to the defined group of academic subjects united by the commitment to study aspects of human conditions. Academically, we refer to the humanities as the study of arts (architecture, painting and the like). Branches of learning concerned with human thought, feelings and relations. Study of arts is the study of mankind. However, it should be stressed that the humanities emphasize analysis and exchange of ideas rather than the creative expression of the arts.
Both the scientist and the humanist must make value judgments.Humanities a Study in Values Humanities covers a broad area of human creativity but are distinct from mathematics and the ³hard´ sciences. The development of powerful weapons is seen as a positive development for the scientist . people and or an entire life style. . On the other hand the humanist might see the development of powerful weapons as a bad thing that will eventually affect or even destroy a culture. The separation between the humanities and the sciences is illustrated in the way values work differently in the two areas.because of the many possibilities the development of the weapon might bring.
Of the many ways to study an approach to the humanities is through art and the subtle & enduring ways values are expressed in the arts.A Humanist Approach The humanists say. . ³what we need is a study that will get us closer to ourselves.
etc. mini skirts. it will one day go out of style.. . fashion. the thong. programs. The taste of the mass public shifts constantly. Examples: gold teeth. An there is no accounting for taste. slang words or terms.Taste: is an exercise values! People are often quick to say they like or dislike a piece of work because of taste. It does not matter if it is in. etc.
Regardless- Everyone can and should be educated about the arts and should learn to respond to as wide a variety of the arts as possible Because when we do there is a change within us . .something has been added.
sounds. ³Language charged with feelings and significance ³ Art communicates ideas and feelings by means of sensuous medium (colors. and enchants our senses thus. kindles imagination. it reflects the ideals. arouses emotions. . . words and film) symbolic language (design and form) appeals to our minds.Significance of Humanities Art constitutes one of the oldest form and most important means of expression developed by man. hopes and fears of the times in which an individual live.
It help us decide what is important in our lives and what we can do to make them better. they point the way to answer about what is right or wrong. the ideas. or what is true to our heritage and our history Help us address the challenge we face together in our families. By connecting us with other people. .Significance of Humanities Humanities are the stories. our communities and as a nation. and the words that: help us make sense of our lives and our world.
Why should we study the Humanities? The course is expected to help the students grow up to be better human beings than they were before they enrolled in the course. Why? The course intend to make the students realize that the mere possession of knowledge is useless unless put to useful ends. sentiments. It aims to help the students to be aware that knowledge alone is meaningless unless it is accompanied by values. inter-relationships and other inspiring realities not subject to practical proofs which also form part of the person¶s education. . priorities. insights.
Taste and Hunger .Short Film Food.
But our interest is not in fact alone. . We can investigate the history of jazz and the claims of Jelly Roll Morton for having been its ³inventor. their key signature and numbers. There are oceans of facts attached to every art form. as well as.´ We can make lists of the Impressionist painters and those they influenced. the dates of his important compositions.Many facts are involved in the study of the arts We can verify the dates of Beethoven¶s birth and death.
We learn to recognize the values expressed in such works as well as to understand the ways in which they are expressed. .What we mean by a study of the arts penetrates beyond facts Art relates to the values that evoke our feelings In other words we go beyond the facts about a work of art and get to the values implied in the work.
Consider the short film Food.Responses to Art Our responses to art are complex Education in the arts permits us to observe more closely and thereby respond more intensely to the content. Taste and Hunger by Ferdinand Dimadura .
such as its form. as well as what is external to a work. shapes. and objects. SUCH AS its political references. . THIS IS IMPORTANT as a basic principle since it means that we can be educated about what is in a work of art. which implies a richer experience.Knowledge about´ a work of art can lead to your ³knowledge of´ the work of art.
light. textures and shapes.Artistic Form: Form is the interrelationships of lines. Form of any painting can be analyzed because any painting has to be organized . color.
Composition is basic to all the arts To perceive any work of art adequately. we need to know something about the background of a work of art that would aid our perception.Perception Frequently. . we must perceive its structure.
etc. arrogance. Cummings. love. civil rights. e.by e. Cummings¶ poem presents an abstract idea fused with a concrete image or word picture.Abstract Ideas and Concrete Images: Examine the following poem ³l(a´. . Abstract idea on the other hand deal with words or terms such as. indecision. ambition. jealousy. hate. It is concrete because what is described is a physical event. a falling leaf. justice.
Not natural beauties. mass produced works do not qualify as works of art. 2. Instead it is of human creation! Identifying Art Conceptually: Criteria for determining whether or not something is a work of art: 1. . that important or recognized experts agree that it is a work of art. That the object or event is made by an artist.What is a work of art? A work of art is often said to be something made by a person. That the object or event is intended to be a work of art by its maker 3.
Do they possess artistically perceivable qualities? . what we can observe and conception. are closely related. what we know or think we know.Identifying Art Perceptually: Perception.
4. Only by participation can we come close to a full awareness of what the painting is all about. Content: Content is the meaning of artistic form.Four Factors for Identifying Art Perceptually 1. Subject Matter: is the content or meaning of the work of art. The meaning! 3. 2. Perceptible unity! Artistic form distinguishes art from objects or events that are not works of art. Good Analysis . Artistic form: All objects and events have form. Participation: We must not only give but also sustain our undivided attention. is never directly presented in a work of art. Form is the interrelationships of part to part and part to whole.
(a leaf falls on loneliness) l(a le af fa ll s) one l iness . e.e.. l(a..Cumming.
establishing its context. . and clarifying its achievement. It requires being at the height of awareness while examining a work of art in detail. The act of responsible criticism aims for the fullest understanding and the fullest participation possible.Being a Critic of the Arts Chapter 3 There are methods and means for becoming a good critic and understanding the goals of responsible criticism.
Being A Critic Of The Arts continued You are already an art critic . . when you stop to admire a building or a sculpture. turn a radio dial looking for good music. Our experience is one factor which qualifies us to make such critical judgments.when you. choose a film or change the channel looking for something better. It helps us make critical judgments without hesitation.
Critics of the arts Everyone has limitations as a critic. . we can develop our capacities as critics. By learning some principles about criticism and how to put them to work. Without some specific critical training ourselves we are capable of going only so far.
by reflecting on works of art. how to participate with these works more intensely and enjoyably. good criticism will sharpen our perception of the form of a work of art and increase our understanding of its content.Being a Critic of the Arts Our basic critical purpose is to learn. .
. Still. Describing the important characteristics of that form in order to improve our understanding of the part-to-part and part-to-whole interrelationships.Kinds of Criticism: Descriptive Criticism Descriptive criticism concentrates on the form of a work of art. we miss things and oftentimes we miss things that are right there for us to observe. Good descriptive critics call our attention to what we might otherwise miss in an artistic form.
It helps us understand how form transforms subject matter into content: what has been revealed about some subject matter and how that has been accomplished.Kinds of Criticism: Interpretive Criticism criticism gives detailed explanation of the content of a work of art. Interpretive .
Kinds of Criticism: Evaluative Criticism criticism ± to evaluate a work of art is to judge its merits (praiseworthy quality). Evaluative . which prescribes what is good as if it were a medicine and tell us that this work is superior to that work. this seems to suggest that it is prescriptive criticism. At first glance.
your reaction is based on good instincts. evaluative criticism of some kind is generally necessary. Evaluative criticism¶s three fundamental standards: perfection. insight. Nevertheless. -30- .Kinds of Criticism: Evaluative Criticism continued If evaluative criticism makes you uncomfortable. and inexhaustibility.
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