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North American

Peoples

Chapter 1, Section 3
Chapter 1
The First Americans

 Section 1 – Early Peoples
 Section 2 – Cities and Empires
 Section 3 – North American Peoples
 Chapter Review
 Chapter 1 Test
Main Idea

 Many different cultures lived
in North America before the
arrival of Europeans.
Early Cultures in North
America
Hohokam & Anasazi The Mound Builders
 Lived in Southwest  Built huge mounds

300BC – 1300AD throughout eastern half of
 Experts at irrigation America
 Lived in pueblos made of  1000BC – 500AD

adobe  Cahokia was the largest

 Also built cliff-dwellings settlement
 Skilled farmers and

traders
Ancient Hohokam site in Arizona
that dates back to the 1300’s.
Hogan built by Hohokam
peoples still standing in
Arizona.
Example of a late Hohokam village, 1350
Pueblo Bonito was built by
the Anasazi in Colorado.
Mesa Verde was built by
the Anasazi in New
Mexico.
Drawings of
the Anasazi.
The Giant Serpent Mound was
built by Moundbuilders known as
the Hopewell in Ohio
Painting of largest Moundbuilder
settlement, Cahokia (Illinois).
Location
of
Mounds.
Other Native Americans

 For the Native American groups that developed after
Hohokam, Aansazi & Mound Builders, culture, or way of life,
depended on the environment around them.

Examples
 The Inuit, and all other Peoples of the North, hunted seal and
built shelters with ice
 The Tlingit, and all other Peoples of the West, depended on
salmon for food and cedar for building
 Peoples of the Plains, like the Dakota, were nomadic hunters
who built portable teepees of buffalo hide
Peoples of the North

 Inuit, Aleut, and others

 developed skills to
survive cold Artic climate

 hunted seal, whales and
caribou for food
Peoples of the Southwest
 Hopi, Acoma, Zuni,
Navajo, Apache & others

 built homes with adobe in
the style of the Anasazi

 Corn was the primary food,
but they also did some
hunting & gathering.
Peoples of the Southwest
Peoples of the Plains
 Dakota, Comanche &
others

 These nomadic hunters
followed their prey &
brought their teepees with
them.

 became very skilled with
horses
Peoples of the Plains
Peoples of the East &
Southeast
 Iroquois Confederacy,
Cherokee nation & others

 formed complex
government systems

 skilled farmers grew a
variety of crops
Peoples of the East & Southeast
Peoples of the West

 Along the Northwestern
coast, groups like the
Tlingit relied on the
resources of the forest &
sea.

 In California and the Great
Basin, groups like the
Pomo & Shoshone were
moved from place to place
in search of food.
Peoples of the West
Which Native American Culture
Area ?
 Peoples like the Sioux &
the Comanche became
were nomadic hunters.
Their main food source was
the buffalo.
 Peoples of the Plains
Which Native American Culture
Area ?

 The picture shows the
flag of the Iroquois
Confederacy. Peoples
like the Iroquois and the
Cherokee developed
sophisticated government
systems.
 Peoples of the East &
Southeast
Which Native American Culture
Area ?

 Peoples like the Inuit
were hunters. Their most
important prey were
seals, walruses and even
whales.
 Peoples of the North
Which Native American Culture
Area ?

 Peoples like the Zuni and
the Acoma used sun-
dried mud bricks called
adobe as their chief
building material.
 Peoples of the
Southwest
Which Native American Culture
Area ?

 Peoples like the Dakota
lived in teepees made of
buffalo skin that they
could drag with them as
they followed herds of
buffalo, and other prey.
 Peoples of the Plains
Which Native American Culture
Area ?

 Peoples like the Hopi and
the Navajo were
descendants of the
Hohokam and the
Anasazi who lived in the
same area earlier.
 Peoples of the
Southwest
Which Native American Culture
Area ?

 Peoples like the Inuit and
the Aleuts became
experts at surviving in the
extreme cold of the
Arctic. They built igloos
to insulate them from icy
Arctic winds.
 Peoples of the North
Which Native American Culture
Area ?
 Peoples like the Tlingit and the
Haida depended on fish,
especially salmon.

 While other tribes that further
inland among the mountains,
like the Nez Perce, were
hunters and gatherers.
 Peoples of the West
Which Native American Culture
Area ?

 Peoples, like the
Dakota, became highly
skilled in using horses
for hunting and
warfare.
 Peoples of the Plains