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TR

NG TRUNG H C BCVT CNTT II KHOA i N T Vi N THNG

BI Gi NG MN:

T ch c s n xu t v qu n l i tr m vi n thng
Gio vin : Tr nh Th Vinh

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CH

NG I: T NG QUAN V T CH C S N XU T T I M T I TR M VI N THNG

I. Khi ni m chung. II. Cng tc t ch c s n xu t t i m t i tr m. III.Yu c u, tiu chu n ngnh c a m t i tr m. 1. Ti p t cho h th ng chuy n m ch. 2. Cc tiu chu n v ngu n i n. 3. Tiu chu n v ngu n chung. 4. Tiu chu n v mi tr ng lm vi c. 5. Tiu chu n v i u ki n qu t i. 6. Tiu chu n v 7. Yu c u nh 8. Tiu chu n v 9. Tiu chu n v
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ch t l

ng t ng i trong

bo hi u. s . nh tuy n. tnh c c.

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I. Khi ni m chung. T ch c s n xu t t i m t i tr m vi n thng l bao g m cc cng vi c xy d ng mi tr ng lm vi c, thi t k h th ng i tr m theo cc ch tiu hay thng s qui nh c a ngnh v c a cc c quan ch c n ng. Vi c p ng cc tiu ch trn s t o ra mi tr ng lm vi c t t, m b o an ton v hi u qu nh t. II. Cng tc t ch c s n xu t t i m t i tr m. 2.1. Yu c u, tiu chu n c a ngnh t i m t i tr m: + Ti p t cho h th ng chuy n m ch. + Cc tiu chu n v ngu n i n. + Cc tiu chu n v ngu n chung. + Tiu chu n v mi tr ng lm vi c. + Tiu chu n v bo hi u. + Tiu chu n v nh s . + Tiu chu n v nh tuy n. +Tiu chu n v tnh c c.
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2.2. Qu n l i tr m: + Qu n l c u hnh. + Qu n l s c . + Qu n l ngu n nhn l c. + Qu n l ti chnh. 2.3. Qu n l d ch v : + Quy trnh qu n l d ch v . + C u trc qu n l d ch v . + Nh ng thch th c trong t ng lai. 2.4. Ho ch nh pht tri n i tr m: + Ph ng php l p k ho ch. + S hnh thnh v pht tri n m ng l i trong t lai.

ng

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III. Yu c u, tiu chu n ngnh c a m t i tr m. 3.1.Ti p t cho h th ng chuy n m ch. Ti p t cho h th ng chuy n m ch bao g m : - Ti p t cng tc - Ti p t b o v v - Ti p t ch ng st. 3.1.1. Ti p t cng tc Ti p t cng tc cho h th ng chuy n m ch c n i v i: + C c d ng c a ngu n cung c p. + i m n i t c a cc thi t b b o v trong nh. + Khung gi kim lo i c a cc thi t b trong nh. i n tr ti p t cng tc c a h th ng chuy n m ch tu theo tiu chu n c a cc nh s n xu t nh ng khng c l n h n cc gi tr qui nh sau y.

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Theo tiu chu n TCN 68-141:1999 th yu c u i n tr ti p t c a t ti p t cng tc l 0,5, 2, 2,5, 5 t ng ng v i dung l ng t ng i 2000 line, t 1000 n 2000 line, t 500 n 1000 line, v nh h n 500 line. Cc t ti p t cng tc c yu c u tr s i n tr ti p t nh v y l r t kh th c hi n, c bi t l cc khu v c c i n tr su t t 500 m tr ln l kh th c hi n v chi ph xy d ng t ti p t l r t l n. i v i cc tr m trung gian v tr m l p c cung c p ngu n t i ch ho c cung c p ngu n t xa b ng ph ng php dy dy th ch trang b m t h th ng ti p t v i i n tr ti p t khng l n h n 10;.
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Th c t ny d n n vi c xy d ng cc t ti p t cng tc cho cc thi t b Vi n thng, c bi t l cc khu v c c i n tr su t c a t cao r t kh t c gi tr d i 2. N u t ng i c dung l ng l n h n 1000 line th tr s i n tr ti p t ph i nh h n 2, trong khi hi n nay a s cc t ng i t v tinh n t ng i trung tm u c dung l ng l n h n 1000 line, ch tr m t s t t ng i khu v c mi n ni, vng su, vng xa. K t qu o ki m, kh o st th c t m t s tr m vi n thng trn ton qu c cho th y t i 50% s tr m vi n thng c kh o st c tr s i n tr ti p t cng tc khng t yu c u theo tiu chu n TCN 68-141:1999.
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i n tr ti p

t yu c u c a m t s nh cung c p thi t b chuy n m ch Ghi ch Khng ph dung l Khng ph dung l Khng ph dung l Khng ph dung l thu ng thu ng thu ng thu ng c c c c

i n tr ST Tn nh s n ti p t T xu t thi t b yu c u, ; 01 Alcatel 3 02 Ericcson 03 Motorola 04 n 10 5 5

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3.1.2. Ti p t b o v : Ti p t b o v cho h th ng chuy n m ch c n i v i: - V c a thi t b i n l c, - V kim lo i c a cp nh p tr m, - Cc k t c u kim lo i c a nh tr m, - Dy d n st v i m ti p t c a cc thi t b b o v pha ngoi nh tr m. i n tr ti p t b o v cho cc thi t b < 10;.

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Ti p t cho h th ng chuy n m ch c th c hi n b ng m t h th ng ti p t chung cho c hai ch c n ng ti p t cng tc v ti p t b o v . Khi h th ng ti p t ph i c tr s i n tr ti p t nh h n ho c b ng tr s n tr ti p t cng tc v ton b h th ng chuy n m ch ph i th c hi n n i t thng qua m ng lin k t m t l i. i v i cc tr m trung gian v tr m l p c cung c p ngu n t xa b ng ph ng th c dy t th ph i trang b m t h th ng ti p t dng chung cho hai ch c n ng l ti p t cng tc v ti p t b o v v i gi tr i n tr ti p t khng c l n h n 10;.

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3.1.3. Ti p t ch ng st: st: Ti p t ch ng st cho tr m vi n thng th c hi n theo lo i cng trnh xy d ng c p II trong tiu chu n 20 TCN 46-84. Tiu chu n ny qui nh nh sau: C th b tr thi t b ch ng st c l p, cch ly ho c t tr c ti p ln cng trnh. Ph i tnh ton v so snh v kinh t - k thu t ch n ph ng n h p l nh t. N u thi t b ch ng st c l p v i cng trnh qua v t li u khng d n i n, kho ng cch an ton t thi t b ch ng st thng th ng t c l p ho c cch ly v i cng trnh ph i m b o nh sau: c nh h n 5m. + Kho ng cch khng kh (SKK) khng c nh h n 5m i + Kho ng cch trong t (S ) khng v i cng trnh c nguy c n ho c th ng xuyn t p trung ng ng i; khng c nh h n 3m i v i dy thu st. + Kho ng cch qua cc lo i v t li u khng d n i n xc nh theo c ng cch i n c a v t li u.

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- N u b tr thi t b ch ng st tr c ti p d ng thng th ng trn cng trnh c n ph i th a mn cc yu c u sau: sau: + i v i kim hay dy thu st t m i kim hay dy thu st ph i c t nh t l 2 dy xu ng t. + i v i l i thu st lm b ng thp trn, kch th c m i l i khng c l n h n 5 x 5 m. Cc m t l i ph i c hn n i v i nhau. Tr ng h p cng trnh c mi kim lo i, n u b dy mi l n h n 4mm th c th s d ng mi thu v d n st. N u mi kim lo i c b dy nh h n 4mm ch c s d ng mi d n st. + Trn mi cng trnh n u c t cc b ph n nh cao b ng kim lo i th ph i t ng thm cc b ph n thu st ph (kim ho c ai thu st) v ph i hn n i b ph n thu st ph ny v i l i thu ho c mi kim lo i.
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i v i cng trnh cao qu 15m c n ph i th c hi n ng p t ng t ng. T i cc t ng c a cng trnh, ph i t cc ai san b ng i n p bao quanh cng trnh, cc dy xu ng ph i n i v i ai san b ng i n p v t t c cc b ph n b ng kim lo i, k c cc b ph n khng mang i n c a thi t b , my mc cc t ng c ng ph i c n i v i cc ai san b ng i n p b ng dy n i. Tr ng h p ny ph i th c hi n n i t m ch vng bao quanh cng trnh. + Khi s d ng b ph n n i t c c hay c m c c chn th ng ng, cc dy xu ng ph i t pha ngoi, trn cc m t t ng i di n c a cng trnh. Khi s d ng b ph n n i t ko di hay m ch vng th dy xu ng ph i t cch xa khng qu t 15m n 20m d c theo chu vi my cng trnh. +
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3.2. Cc tiu chu n v ngu n i n. 3.2.1. Cc yu c u v ngu n xoay chi u: T ng i ph i ho t ng c trong i u ki n ngu n i n xoay chi u 3 pha hay m t pha c cung c p v i cc ch s sau y: + i n p: 380V (220V) 10%. + T n s : 50Hz 5% + T l mo d ng sng: 5%.

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3.2.2. Cc yu c u i v i thi t b ngu n: B ch nh l u: - Ph i c kh n ng lm vi c song song v i nhau v ph i c thi t b ng dng gi a cc b ch nh l u. - Chnh l ch dng gi a chng ph i nh h n 5%. - Ph i c b ph n h n dng. - Ph i m b o cho ho t ng n p accu nh qui nh trong ph n yu c u i v i accu. g n sng c a i n p c p ra ph i nh h n 2mV. - Hi u su t ph i l n h n 85% v h s ngu n ph i l n h n 0,8. - Ph i c kh n ng lm vi c v i nhi t t 00C n 400C. - D phng N+1 i v i b ch nh l u. - Ph i c b ph n hi n th dng i n v i n p, b ph n hi n th c nh bo ho t ng c a n (nghe v nhn).
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3.2.2. Cc yu c u i v i thi t b ngu n: Thi t b ngu n m t chi u: - Ph i b o m bi n i trong kho ng i n p -44V -52V 44V 52V - C c d ng (+) c a ngu n c u v i t c a t ng i, g n sng ph i nh h n 2mV. dng. - Ph i c c ch b o v ch ng qu p v qu dng - Cc s c ngu n c c b khng c lm nh h ng n h th ng ngu n c a ton b t ng i v khng c php lm h ng b t k thi t b ph n c ng no c a t ng i. - Trong tr ng h p c s c ngu n hay ngu n ho t ng khng bnh th ng ph i c c nh bo (nghe v nhn). Cc b n tin c nh bo ph i c g i n trung tm v n hnh v b o d ng OMC OMC.

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3.2.2. Cc yu c u i v i thi t b ngu n: * Yu c u i v i accu: accu: - Trong tr ng h p ngu n xoay chi u b m t, t i thi u ph i cung c p ngu n cho t ng i ho t ng lin t c t nh t l 2 gi i v i t ng i trung tm v 4 gi i v i i tr m xa. - Khi ngu n xoay chi u c c p l i th accu ph i ct ng chuy n sang ch n p v ph i c n p lin t c i n p danh nh. Khi accu c n p y tr ng thi n p s c chuy n sang tr ng thi n p m.

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3.2. 3. Tiu chu n v ngu n chung. i n p chung: 75VAC 2V. 2V T n s : 20Hz 25Hz. 25Hz Yu c u b sung i v i tn hi u chung: - T ng i ph i c kh n ng thay i gi tr danh nh i n p chung b ng cc l nh ng i my. - Tn hi u chung khng ch a thnh ph n m t chi u v c kh n ng phn bi t 8 lo i tn hi u chung khc nhau. - Kho ng th i gian t lc thu bao t th chung n lc c tn hi u chung khng qu 3 giy.

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3.2.4. Tiu chu n v mi tr ng lm vi c. a. Cc thng s v ng dy thu bao v i t ng i: - i n tr m ch vng ph i nh h n 2000; (k c n i tr c a thu bao). - i n tr cch i n dy dy, dy t nh nh t cho php R 10K;. - i n dung k sinh l n nh t cho php Cmax 0,5F. b. i u ki n nhi t v m: m: T ng i ph i ho t ng bnh th ng trong i u ki n mi tr ng nh sau: Nhi t (0C): 15 25; m (%): 30 70. c. Cc i u ki n khc: khc: V t li u sn phng: Tr khng cch i n nh nh t 25 x 103 ;; Tr khng cch i n l n nh t 106 ; ( i v i sn m i) v 1010 ; ( i v i sn c ). Kh n ng ch ng ng t n 5,66 Richter.
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3.2.5. Tiu chu n v ch t l ng t ng i trong i u ki n qu t i. a. Cc nh ngh a v qu t i, dung l ng, thng l ng: c c a t ng i trong m t T i: L t ng s cu c g i chi m n v th i gian. Qu t i: L ph n m t ng s cu c g i c a m t t ng i v t qu dung l ng x l k thu t c a t ng i. Qu t i th ng c tnh b ng ph n tr m c a dung l ng k thu t. Thng l ng: L t ng s cu c g i t ng i x l thnh cng trong m t n v th i gian. Dung l ng k thu t c a t ng i: L l ng t i trung bnh m t i t ng i ch p ng c t t c cc m c d ch v yu c u c a nh khai thc. Ch t l ng x l cu c g i trong i u ki n qu t i: T ng i ph i ti p t c x l m t l ng t i xc nh m c d s l ng cu c g i v t qu dung l ng x l cu c g i c a n.
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3.2.5. Tiu chu n v ch t l ng t ng i trong i u ki n qu t i. i. Hai yu c u c b n cho ch t l ng t ng i khi qu t i l: + C kh n ng ph c v c m t thng l ng nh t nh trong i u ki n qu t i c a t ng i. + Ph n ng nhanh chng, k p th i i v i cc m c t i cao v qu t i t ng t. Ki m sot qu t i: T ng i ph i c c ch thch h p ki m sot qu t i v i u khi n c ho t ng c a n gi m d n m c qu t i. Pht hi n qu t i: T ng i c n c c ch thch h p pht hi n qu t i. Tr ng thi qu t i c n c xc nh b i t ng i trong qu trnh x l logic. Cc qu trnh ny s kch ho t cc th t c t ng ng ng n ng a thng l ng suy gi m m t cch t ng t. Trong khi qu t i, tr v x l tr u t ng v th ng ch t l ng d a vo t i chu n B.

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3.2.5.Tiu chu n v ch t l ng t ng i trong i u ki n qu t i. i. b. B o v qu t i: i: Nguyn t c p d ng cc d ch v c cung c p trong i u ki n qu t i nh sau: + u tin cho qu trnh x l cu c g i cu i cng. + u tin cho cc ng dy u tin. + Tr hon m t vi ho c ton b cc ho t ng khng quan tr ng ki m sot l u l ng. + Duy tr cc ch c n ng gim st v tnh c c bnh th ng v thi t l p k t n i cho n khi nh n c bo hi u thch h p. + Chuy n quy n u tin cho h th ng o c bi t trong t ng i, cc h o c m c u tin th p s b d ng l i m c nh tr c. Cc php o c m c u tin cao c th d ng l i m c cao h n ho c c ng c th c ti p t c, i u ph thu c vo s quan tr ng c a ch c n ng qu n l cu c g i. + u tin cho cc cu c g i s n sng x l tr c khi nh n cu c g i m i.
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3.2.6. Tiu chu n v bo hi u. u. a. Bo hi u thu bao: bao: * Tiu chu n bo hi u thu bao t ng t : - Cc tiu chu n v tn hi u thng bo: + V i cc tn hi u thng bo m t t n s , m c yu c u l: 10dB 5dB. + V i cc thng bo nhi u t n s m c khc nhau gi a 2 ho c 3 t n s b t k t o ra m l 3dB. + Tn hi u m i quay s : T n s 425 Hz 25 Hz, nh p lin t c, mo hi 1%, m c n m trong kho ng -10dBm0 -5dBm0. + Tn hi u bo b n: T n s 425 Hz 25 Hz, nh p 1:1, th i gian pht, d ng tn hi u 300ms, mo hi khng l n h n 1%. + Tn hi u bo r i: T n s 425 Hz 25 Hz, nh p 1:4, th i gian pht 1s, th i gian d ng 4s, mo hi khng l n h n 1%. + Tn hi u t c ngh n: T n s 425 Hz 25 Hz, nh p 1:1, th i gian pht 0,2s, th i gian d ng 0,2s. + Tn hi u i cu c g i: T n s 425 Hz 25 Hz, th i gian pht 300ms 500ms, th i gian d ng 8s 10s.
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+ Tn hi u chung: T n s 16 Hz 25 Hz, th i gian pht 0,67s 1,5s, th i gian d ng 3s 5s. + Tn hi u tnh c c: t n s 16Khz, r ng xung 125 ms 25ms, m c pht 2V 10%, cng su t pht 20mW 20% trn t i 200;, mo hi khng l n h n 5%. + Tn hi u tm ng: T n s 425 Hz 25 Hz, nh p 1:1, th i gian pht/d ng 0,05s. - Cc yu c u v tn hi u a ch : + Tn hi u a ch xung th p phn: T ng i c kh n ng x l v i xc su t l i P khng l n h n 10-5 v i t c truy n xung nh sau:
T c truy n xung (xung/s) 7 9 11 12 di xung (ms) 35 112 35 91 35 71 35 62

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Kho ng cc gi a cc s t 232 20000 ms. + Tn hi u a ch m a t n (DTMF): Qui nh i v i t n s lm v c: Nhm t n s th p: 697, 770, 852, 941 Hz Nhm t n s cao: 1209, 1336, 1477, 1633 Hz bi n ng t n s : 1,8%. M c tn hi u: -25 dBm0 -3 dBm0. Th i gian thu m i tn hi u: Nh nh t 40ms khi c v 30ms khi khng c tn hi u. Th i gian thu ch s nh nh t: 120ms/1 ch s . * Tiu chu n bo hi u thu bao s : Tun th theo Khuy n ngh trong serier Q.920 n Q.930 c a ITU-T.

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3.2.7. Yu c u nh s . a. K ho ch nh s : T ng i ph i c kh n ng nh s theo k ho ch nh s c qui nh b i B BCVT(nay l b TT&TT). T ng i ph i c kh n ng nh s cho cc d ch v c bi t. b. Kh n ng phn tch s : - T ng i ph i c kh n ng phn tch s b g i v i chi u di ln t i 28 ch s . -T ng i ph i c kh n ng phn tch s thu bao ch g i v i chi u di ln n 18 ch s . - T ng i ph i c kh n ng pht tri n cho cc h th ng nh s trong m ng B-ISDN. - T ng i ph i c kh n ng phn tch s l ng s c n thi t cho vi c chi m knh g i ra. -T ng i ph i c kh n ng thay i s b g i theo yu c u c a cc d ch v c bi t.
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3.2.8. Tiu chu n v nh tuy n. n. a.Yu c u nh tuy n: n: Cc kh n ng nh tuy n c a t ng i ph i theo cc khuy n ngh c a ITU-T. T t c cc trung k n i n t ng i ph i c t ch c thnh nhm trung k v i cc tn ring bi t. M i knh trung k trong m t nhm trung k ph i c nh s ring trong kho ng t 0 n 9999. T ng i ph i c kh n ng cung c p s l ng nhm trung k m t chi u, hai chi u theo yu c u c th c a nh khai thc. T ng i ph i c kh n ng nh tuy n cc cu c g i theo m t danh sch cc nhm trung k theo th t l a ch n tuy n v danh sch ny c g i l m u nh tuy n. T ng i ph i c kh n ng cung c p m t m u nh tuy n v i chi u di c a t nh t l 64 tuy n v m i tuy n c trung bnh l 16 trung k . T ng i ph i c kh n ng thay i cc tham s nh tuy n trn c s giao ti p ng i my.
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b. Cc tham s c b n dng nh tuy n: n: - Nhm trung k g i vo. -S ch s m d ch v . - Lo i ch g i. - S ch g i. - S b g i nh n c v a ch C7 t nhin. - Yu c u ph ng ti n truy n. - Bi u th u tin. - Qu n l m ng. c.H n ch nh tuy n: C m cc cu c g i n: + T t h p b t k no c a cc nhm trung k g i vo. + T lo i ch g i b t k no ( n 16 lo i ch g i) c nh d u. + B qua cu c g i b t k no t nhm trung k g i vo sang nhm trung k g i ra.
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H n ch cu c g i: + Trn c s m t ph n hay ton b cc s b g i B trong nhm trung k g i n xu t pht. Danh sch cc s B ny c t o thng qua giao ti p ng i my. m thng bo cho cu c g i t ng ng s c thng bo b i t ng i. + Trn c s m t ph n hay ton b cc s ch g i A trong nhm trung k g i n xu t pht. Danh sch cc s A ny c th c nh ngh a qua s li u c a t ng i. m thng bo cho cu c g i b c m s c thng bo b i t ng i.

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3.2.9. Tiu chu n v tnh c c. a. S li u c c: T ng i ph i c kh n ng phn tch cc s li u lin quan n tnh c c nh sau: C kh n ng phn tch ton b hay m t ph n c n thi t S b g i v S ch g i D ng ch g i: T ng i ph i c kh n ng phn tch 15 lo i thu bao ch g i. T ng i ph i c c ch v kh n ng tnh c c c i v i cc d ch v th c hi n trong giai o n thi t l p cu c g i. b. Ph ng php tnh c c: T ng i ph i c kh n ng th c hi n cc ph ng php tnh c c sau: - Ph ng php o xung c c. - Ph ng php tnh c c theo b n tin t ng (AMA). - T ng i ph i c kh n ng s d ng c hai ph ng php c nu trn cho cng m t cu c g i.

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c. Cc ki u tnh c c: * Tnh c c theo xung c c: Bao g m cc yu c u sau: c: - Th i gian gi a hai xung c c ph i n m trong kho ng 0,5s 45 pht. - Dung l ng ng h c c: 17.777.215 xung. - S l ng ng h c c cho m t thu bao c th i u ch nh trong kho ng t 0 4. tin c y: T ng m t mt xung c c ph i nh h n 10-4. -B t u v k t thc tnh c c: Vi c tnh c c ph i b t u khi thu bao B tr l i v d ng khi thu bao A t my. -N u thu bao B t my tr c th vi c tnh c c v n c ti p t c cho khi no thu bao A t my hay qu th i gian gim st v cu c g i c gi i phng.

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Ngy 12/6/2009

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- Nguyn t c tnh c c nh sau: + S l ng c nh cc xung trn m t cu c g i: Tnh theo xung m khng quan tm n th i gian c a cu c g i. + m xung theo chu k : Cu c g i c tnh c c v i s l ng cc xung n t i m i chu k trong th i gian g i. Th i gian gi a hai xung lin ti p ph thu c vo m c c c ph. c bi t: D ch v - Tnh c c d ch v thu bao v d ch v thu bao ph i c tnh c c v i s l ng xung c c (050) t i th i i m kch ho t /gi i ho t d ch v . T ng i ph i c kh n ng th c hi n vi c tnh c c cc d ch v c bi t theo m t trong cc kh n ng sau y: + Khng tnh c c. + M t xung c c t i th i i m b g i tr l i. + M t s xung c c t i th i i m b g i tr l i. + m xung theo chu k .
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G i cc xung c c cho thu bao: + m xung c c: T ng i ph i c kh n ng g i cc xung c c16 Khz n thu bao. + Tnh c c theo AMA: T ng i ph i c kh n ng g i cc xung c c n thu bao m khng lm t ng tr s c a ng h c c trong t ng i. G i s li u c c: + T ng i ph i c kh n ng g i s li u c c ra cc thi t b ngo i vi theo yu c u. + Vi c g i s li u c c ra khng lm thay i tr s c a ng h c c trong t ng i. * Tnh c c theo b n tin t ng (AMA): (AMA): - Cc yu c u chung: + chnh xc: Th i i m c ghi nh n cho cu c g i khng c l ch qu 2s so v i th i gian th c t . + tin c y: L i s li u c c ph i nh h n 10-4.
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- B t u v d ng tnh c c: Vi c tnh c c ph i b t u khi thu bao B tr l i v d ng khi thu bao A t my. N u thu bao B t my tr c th vi c tnh c c v n c ti p t c cho khi no thu bao A t my hay qu th i gian gim st v cu c g i c gi i phng. Tnh c c cu c g i di: i v i cu c g i di h n 10 gi , sau 10 gi s li u c c AMA ph i c l u l i v m t b n tin ghi m i c b t u cho cu c g i . - N i dung b n ghi s li u cu c g i: Ph i bao g m cc s li u c b n sau y: + Th t b n ghi. + S ch g i. + S b g i. + Th i gian b t u. + Th i gian k t thc. + Lo i cu c g i. + Thng tin v d ch v .

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* Tnh c c cc d ch v trong t ng i: - D ch v tnh c c t c th i: L d ch v m t ng i s cung c p thng tin c c ph c a cu c g i ngay sau khi cu c g i k t thc. Thng tin v c c cu c g i ph i bao g m cc thng tin sau: + S ch g i. + S quay t t. + D ng ch g i A. + Th i gian b t u cu c g i. + Th i gian k t thc. + M c c c. + S l ng xung c c.
1 pht

1 pht

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* Tnh c c cc d ch v trong t ng i: D ch v tnh c c theo lo i cu c g i: D ch v ny cung c p cho thu bao thng tin chi ti t v s li u c c cho cc cu c g i tnh c c theo xung. Cc s li u sau y b t bu c ph i c m t i v i cu c g i tnh c c theo lo i cu c g i: + S ch g i A. + S b g i B. + Quay s t t n u c. + D ng ch g i A. + Tr ng thi c a ng dy b g i B. + Th i gian b t u cu c g i. + Th i gian ko di cu c g i. + M c c c. + C c ph c a cu c g i. + S l ng xung c c.
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