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Assessment of President Aquino s First Year in Office

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Standards set by the president himself vs. actual accomplishments Sources: 
Campaign platforms  Social Contract with the Filipino People  Philippine Development Plan (PDP)

Score 0 2.5 5 7.5 10

Assessment The President has broken his promise. There has been very slow or little progress. Something has been accomplished but is lower than expected. The administration is on track and is expected to achieve the target as scheduled. The target has been achieved as scheduled.

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Qualified by indicators Makes reference to qualities of a transformational leader: effective, empowering, and ethical Lighter weights given to items requiring simple actions Equal weights given to equally important and difficult items

Weight Score W Score 1. Performance-based appointments 2. Public availability of SALN 3. Citizens participation in policy formulation 4. Freedom of Information Bill 5. Public information on government s budget 6. Citizens monitoring and feedback system 7. Strengthening DOJ 8. Independent Ombudsman 9. Zero-based budgeting 10. Agency budget based on performance & COA audits TOTAL AVERAGE 1.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 0.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.0 0.5 10 5 5 8 0 8 5 2.5 6 10 5 7.5 2.5 4 0 4 5 3.75 9 10 2.5 48.25 4.8

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Mixed record on appointments Difficulties in accessing SALNs Means for citizen participation (other than the usual hearings) not yet developed FOI not a priority bill DBM and DILG lead in providing information on government's budget DILG performance incentive fund

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No reports showing benefits from citizens feedback Resources for witness protection doubled More than a thousand positions in prosecutorial service created Selection process for Ombudsman unclear Zero-based budgeting system for year 2011

Score 1. Raising the targeted revenues 2. Expenditure control 3. Bringing down debt to GDP ratio 4. Zero-based budgeting 5. Empowerment of stakeholders 6. Ethical governance TOTAL AVERAGE 5 5 5 10 5 5 35 5.8

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No new taxes policy not consistent with goal to provide universal health care, adequate housing, universal pre-schooling, etc. Tax effort in 2010 barely inched upwards to 12.1%; government missed its target of 13% Increase in tax collection due to economic growth, not due to improvement in tax effort Smuggling continues to stymie tax collection

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Deficit reduced through expenditure control Budget deficit has pressured the government to continuously borrow Weakening of the dollar has improved debtto-GDP ratio Zero-based budgeting a big step in the right direction towards transparency and efficiency

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PPPs can harness resources and expertise of the private sector, but without a strategic and comprehensive approach, it may lead to greater control of the nation s wealth by the elite LEDAC does not meet regularly No information on the budget and spending programs of major Finance agencies

Score 1. Coherent system of appointment 2. Ensuring the rule of law 3. Institutionalization of a performance incentive system 4. Publication of all fund releases to government agencies & LGUs 5. Take all actions on irregularities in the COA report 6. Ensure that ARMM election is clean, orderly , and peaceful TOTAL AVERAGE 5 5 6 4 2.5 A 22.5 4.5

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Mixed record on appointments DILG pursuing transparency and accountability in local governance DBM pursuing budget utilization based on sound performance DBM and DILG websites fine examples of availability of information

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Challenge to other agencies and LGUs: make information on funds and budget management transparent and accessible Observations and reports of COA are picked up very slowly DOJ ranks first among agencies in terms of credibility and performance

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President should let Mindanao and ARMM choose its leaders. Let ARMM proceed with the election, and make the election as independent and peaceful and orderly as possible through an effective performance by Comelec and civil society.

Weight Score 1. Twelve-year basic education 2. Universal pre-schooling 3. Madaris education 4. Technical-vocational education 5. Every child a reader by Grade I 6. Science and math proficiency 7. Assistance to private schools 8. Medium of instruction 9. Quality textbooks 10. Covenant with LGUs to build more schools 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 7.5 5.0 2.5 2.5 5.0 2.5 10 10 5 5

Total 15 10 2.5 2.5 5.0 2.5 10 10 2.5 2.5 5.68

AVERAGE

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Plans for the 12-year basic education cycle are reasonable. Government budget reflects the administration s commitment. Adding two years at the high school level rather than distributing them equally among elementary and high school will result in overcrowded classrooms

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Emphasis on universal kindergarten is a step in the right direction, but this is being rolled out too quickly. There are not enough trained teachers for pre-school. DepEd has made much progress in Madaris education. A kindergarten program for rolled out in 2010 is now being tested in 212 schools.

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However, the dedicated office to develop and test the Madrasah curriculum was dismantled. It is not clear how prepared school divisions are to implement the curriculum. The DepED is working on existing programs for technical vocational education and has no roadmap to expand this significantly.

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Assistance to private schools has been substantially increased. DepEd s focus on pursuing mother-tongue based multilingual education is very strong. Bureaucratic processes in DepEd have yet to be streamlined to support the administration s commitment to work with LGUs to build more schools.

Score 1. Caring for the environment 2. Sustainable resources 3. Strict enforcement of environmental laws 4. Safer sources of renewable energy 5. Population management via responsible parenthood TOTAL AVERAGE 5 6 2.5 7.5 2.5 23.5 4.7

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National Climate Change Action Plan to be finalized this year 6 environmental activists killed Environmental targets not yet reflected in MTPDP for 2011-2016 National Greening Program (NGP) targeted at greening some 1.5 million hectares of degraded forest lands in 6 years

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DENR cancelled approximately 500 mining claims, has been reviewing 500 more Mining investments increased by 65% in 2010 from 2009, $17.35 billion worth of more mining investments are projected by 2016 Vocal support for mining liberalization Will law enforcement mitigate ecological footprint from increased mining activities?

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Coal dependence and extraction has risen to 3.6 M metric tons, 40% more than in 2009 Executive Order 23 imposed nationwide restriction on logging but has been criticized for loopholes Mixed record in enforcing Philippine Clean Air Act DENR yet to implement Ecological Solid Waste Management Act

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DOE launched National Renewable Energy program that aims to promote increased share of renewables in country s energy mix President Aquino has pronounced a bias and need for moratorium against the revival of nuclear power in the country

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President Aquino has verbally affirmed his support for state provision of modern and natural family planning methods, recognizing the role of large family sizes and increasing population in sustainable development. However, he has stopped short of certifying any of the related bills as a priority measure. The country s ecological state continues to worsen

Score 1. Universal health care roadmap through a refocused PhilHealth program 2. Improved access to quality hospitals and health care facilities 3. Attainment of MDGs 4, 5, 6 TOTAL AVERAGE 4 2.5 2.5 9 3

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Aquino Health Agenda (AHA) geared towards providing Universal Health Care to achieve better health outcomes, more responsive health system, and equitable health financing DOH continues to implement the Kalusugan Pangkalahatan or Universal Health Care (UHC) program Health insurance provided to additional 2M Filipinos

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Majority still outside health insurance system, only 42% of Filipinos covered Despite repeated efforts of increasing health insurance enrolment, not one LGU can claim 100 % coverage Limitations in health financing have resulted to out-of-pocket expenses Not all healthcare facilities PhilHealth accredited

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The poor do not go to healthcare facilities for fear of incurring large medical debt Costs of medicines and medical care beyond reach of the poor Logistical problems remain a major challenge Many health facilities have suffered neglect due to inadequate financial resources and the fragmentation of health services as a consequence of devolution

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Nutrition status of children below 12 years old has worsened over the last five years 200 women for every 100,000 births die Maternal and RH indicators in the Philippines are still one of the worst in Asia Pacific region No definitive and concerted action, particularly in helping achieve MDGs 4 (reduce child mortality) and 5 (improve maternal health)

Score Weight 1. Inclusive economic growth
GDP growth (6.2); investment ratio (8); employment (7.2); average 7.1 Poverty alleviation 7.5

7.3

5.0

2. Infrastructure on transportation and housing
Infrastructure (2.5); housing (2.5)

2.5 7.5 4.95 0 2.5 AVERAGE 4.4

1.0 -1.0 1.0 0.2 0.3

3. No new taxes 4. Plug revenue leakages
BIR (6.6); BOC (0)

5. DBM review and plan to reduce overhead costs 6. Modernize the agricultural sector

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Actual government consumption and investment expenditures have been reined in to keep deficit on target CCT is on track in reducing poverty Needs to prove that governance/ anticorruption / efficiency promises will be met to sustain business confidence 45,000 housing units should have been completed by end-June

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Commitment not to impose new taxes is populist and is not consistent with President Aquino s social contract It is not clear what the government is doing to reduce overhead costs There is no record of any review of programs in the Department of Agriculture

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Score 1. Corruption 2. Public Finance 3. Governance 4. Environment 5. Education 6. Health 7. Economy AVERAGE 4.8 5.8 4.5 4.7 5.68 3 4.4 4.69