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What is Public Administration? .
It is the exercise of political authority and the use of institutional resources to manage society¶s problems and affairs. (World Bank) .What is Governance? It is the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented or not implemented.
It involves interaction between the formal institutions and those in civil society.What is Governance? The act or process of governing. How an organization or institution control its actions . specifically authoritative direction and control.
.What is Governance? Governance transcends the collective meaning of related concepts like the state. government and good government.
Basic Elements & Characteristics of Governance 1. PARTICIPATORY Citizens should be involved in the development process. . Beneficiaries of development projects are not only recipients but also Agents of development.
3.Basic Elements & Characteristics of Governance 2. RULE OF LAW Laws should be enforced impartially particularly the laws on human rights. ACCOUNTABILITY Public officials are made accountable for their actions and responsive to the people from whom their authority derives. .
Basic Elements & Characteristics of Governance 4. which encompass well-defined rights and duties. mechanisms for enforcement and impartial settlement of disputes. . PREDICTABILITY Refers to the fair and consistent application of laws. regulations and policies.
Basic Elements & Characteristics of Governance 5. 6. EFFECTIVENESS & EFFICIENCY Government strives to produce quality outputs. including services delivered to citizens. . TRANSPARENCY Refers to the availability of information to the general public and clarity about government rules. regulations and decisions. at the best cost and ensures that outputs meet the original intentions of policymakers.
. CONSENSUS ORIENTATION Good governance strives to mediates differing interests to reach a broad consensus that will result to the best interests of the governed.Basic Elements & Characteristics of Governance 7. RESPONSIVENESS Good governance requires that institutions and processes try to serve all stakeholders within a reasonable time frame. 8.
.Basic Elements & Characteristics of Governance 9. STRATEGIC VISION Leaders and public have a wide and longterm perspective on good governance and human development and with a sense of what is needed for such development. 10. EQUITY & INCLUSIVENESS Good governance ensures that all men and women have opportunities to improve or maintain their well-being.
Actors in Governance .
Actors in Governance .