William Eugene Smith Alfred Stieglitz Wynn Bullock Harry Morey Callahan Bruce Davidson
Photography history is connected to the invention of film and camera. With the invention of film, we earn to reproduce picture, and process illumination of the film happened in camera. According to history, the principal of camera have been found since the age of Aristoteles. Then invention of obscura camera found by Leonardo da Vinci, an artist and man of science. After finding of lens in the year 1550, hence light which step into camera can be multiplied, and picture can be centered, so that the picture become more perfect. In the year 1575, first portable camera just made, and invention of this camera to draw better. Newly year 1680 delivering birth first reflex camera, but its use still to make a better drawing. Become, [at] the epoch, camera still weared to water down in drawing. Because the negative film isn’t found yet, the drawing can’t be captured. After the founding of negative, then th picture could be captured.
William Eugene Smith
William Eugene Smith was born in 1918,
Wichita, Kansas and he was dead in 1978. He was an American photojournalist. He was known because he refuses to compromise professional standards and the brutality of World War 2. He was graduated from Wichita North High School in 1936.
He began his career in 1936 by taking pictures for two local
newspapers, the Eagle and the Beacon. He went to New York City and he began to work for Newsweek and he was known for his perfectionism and for his complicated personality. He was fired because he refuses to use medium format camera and soon he join Life magazine. He resigned from Life because he was wounded in 1942 because he was trying to simulate battle conditions for Parade magazine. Smith joins World War 2 and takes photo of U.S. Marines and Japanese prisoners of war at Saipan, Guam, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. On Okinawa, he was it by mortar fire. After recovering he joins life again and perfected his photo essay from 1947 to 1954. Smith joined the Magnum photo agency in 1955. He started his document on Pittsburgh there. This project consists of a series of book-length photo essays in which he strove for complete control of his subject matter. Because he likes to consume alcohol and drugs, he gets a massive stroke and he died in 1978, Tucson, Arizona.
Styles and characteristics
Almost all of his photography art consist of war and
what people who didn’t join the war do when a there is a war. The prove is the he’s quite often hit in a war and he was hit in World War 2 because he was taking pictures of U.S marines and Japanese prisoners. He was one from many people who risk his life just to get the picture of the hugest war that has ever happen in this world. He also take a beautiful pictures when two kids with opposing genders walk together and they had reach the end of the forest and go out from the dark to the light. The definition above is Smith’s best photograph with title A Walk to Paradise Garden. This memorable image was serve as the final picture in
Smith likes to use miniature cameras which
make him fired from Newsweek. He felt that smaller cameras gave him more freedom in seeing. Smith worked with any camera, from a Minox to a 4 X 5 press camera. However, he often used 35mm camera. He often has six or seven cameras around his neck. For once in his life, he had his six or seven cameras hung on his shoulders.
William Eugene Smith has his one quote that I
like the most about photography which is "Photo is a small voice, at best, but sometimes - just sometimes - one photograph or a group of them can lure our senses into awareness. Much depends upon the viewer; in some, photographs can summon enough emotion to be a catalyst to thought."
The son of wealthy Jewish parents, Stieglitz
was born in New Jersey in 1864, the last year of the Civil War, and died in New York in 1946. His full name is Alfred Stieglitz. Almost his entire life is do photography and make a gallery
First in 1881 his father takes his family to Europe and Alfred Stieglitz
studies mechanical engineering in Berlin. 1883 is the year when he develops his first photograph. He changes course of study from engineering to photochemistry. In 1886 he spends summer in Europe taking many photos. In that year to he takes the first club and magazine competitions and in 1887 he wins first prize for “A Good Joke” from the magazine amateur photographer. British and German periodicals begin publishing his images in 1887. In 1911 with a Stieglitz’s perseverance he is open the Picasso’s first solo exhibition anywhere in the world was shown in April. He meets Georgia O’Keeffe, who later became his wife. He completes his first breakthrough photographic study of clouds in 1922. He open many galleries such as in 1924 he exhibits 61 printing with 51 painting by O’Keeffe at the Anderson Galleries. In 1925 he opens the intimate galleries; In 1932 his first solo exhibition since 1925 is held at An American Place. In 1933 he presents a gift to the Metropolitan Museum of Art of over 1000 works of art by more than 100 artist. In 1941 The museum of Modern art acquires a group of Stieglitz’s photograph.
Style and tools
Almost all of his photographic art was about
nude and dirty picture. One of his models is Georgia O’Keefe. His other models is Dorothy Norman. Stieglitz took a series of photographs, some nude, of heiress Dorothy Norman, who became in O'Keeffe's mind a serious rival for Stieglitz's affections. Both these photographs and those of O'Keeffe are often considered the first photographs to recognize the artistic potential of isolated parts of the human body. He use his camera to prove his artistic skills.
He is the one who like to photo the nude dirty
picture. He can make our photograph in the world better. All of his photo is black and white, but there are still many people like to see photo that made by Alfred Stieglitz. He can prove that the nude object is a good object to photo. So we can see that don not just photo the clear and the clean one, but we can photo the nude and dirty object to. Alfred Stieglitz has a good sense of art photography aspect.
Bruce Davidson (photographer)
Bruce Davidson is an American photographer.
He has been a member of Magnum since 1958. His photographs, notably those taken in Harlem, have been widely exhibited and published in a number of books. He was born in September 5 ,1933 in Oak park, Illinois
Bruce Davidson was born in Oak Park to a single
mother who worked in a factory to support her two sons. At ten, Bruce Davidson began taking pictures, as he was given the freedom to wander the streets of Oak Park alone. Soon after, he approached a local photographer who taught him technical nuances of photography, in addition to lighting and printing skills. In his mid-teens, Davidson began to ride Chicago’s elevated train system into the city, exploring neighborhoods and the Chicago Loop, observing wide varieties of people, and most importantly developing skills and interests that would be seen in his later photographic works.
Pictures that has been taken by Bruce Davidson
Harry Morey Callahan
Harry Morey Callahan (October 22, 1912– March 15, 1999)
was an American photographer who is considered one of the great innovators of modern American photography. He was born in Detroit, Michigan and started photographing in 1938 as an autodidact. By 1946, he was appointed by László Moholy-Nagy to teach photography at the Institute of Design in Chicago. Callahan retired in 1977, at which time he was teaching at the Rhode Island School of Design. He photographed his wife, Eleanor, and daughter, Barbara, and the streets, scenes and buildings of cities where he lived, showing a strong sense of line and form, and light and darkness. He also worked with multiple exposures. Callahan's work was a deeply personal response to his own life.
Harry Morey Callahan photo
Wynn Bullock (April 18, 1902, Chicago - November 16,
1975, Monterey, California) was an American photographer that is notable for his photographs of nudes and of landscapes on the West Coast. Wynn Bullock’s photographs are studies in the juxtaposition of textures as well as explorations of the nature of space, time, and light. Constantly experimenting with classical techniques, Bullock is often compared to Edward Weston (a lifelong friend), though Bullock concerned himself more with the mysterious and mystical aspects of existence. His photographs challenge the viewer to relate directly to nature, and to explore the significance of light and shadow. Juxtaposing the translucent smoothness of human skin and the rougher, natural grain of the wall in the background, Bullock’s Navigation Without Numbers (1957), delves deeper than the surface textures.
Wynn Bullock photo
seminars.com/Fame/eugesmith.htm http://www.magnumphotos.com/archive/C.aspx ?VP=XSpecific_MAG.PhotographerDetail_VPage &l1=0&pid=2K7O3R139C2T&nm=W.%20Eugen e%20Smith http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._Eugene_Smith http://www.leegallery.com/smith.html http://www.masters-ofphotography.com/S/smith/smith_suicide_charge .html