Power | Electrical Substation | Electronics

Under the guidance of

Mrs REKHA S N
Presented by
KARTHIK B V MITHUN R RAJU B VINAY S (1SG07EE015) (1SG07EE031) (1SG07EE302) (1SG07EE059)

y y y y y y y y y y y

Introduction Block Diagram Components & Its Specifications Circuit Diagram Distribution Chart Flowchart Advantages Disadvantages Applications Conclusion Bibliography

we are going ahead with automating the substation. .In conventional substations. To overcome the above drawback. Because of the man power involved in making decisions regarding power distribution. man power is involved in controlling the output power from a substation. it may lead to over or under usage of the power due to negligence.

BLOCK DIAGRAM LCD 16X2 E R/W RS Microcontroller PIC 16F877 Keypad Signal Conditioning Circuit RELAYS DISTRUBUTION LINES .

40 pin y Features ROM RAM EEPROM Timer I/O Ports/pins Interrupts Quantity 8KB 368*8bytes 256*8bytes 3 5/33 14 .y 8-bit.

y Parallel 8-bit transfer y 3 Control signals E=1 send from ports R/W=0 RS=0 Command Code RS=1 User Data y Low cost & power .

Circuit Description .

IC 7812 15 D1N4007 230V AC. 50HZ 0 D2 15 0.1Uf 1 2 0.1Uf 2200Uf 0.1Uf 3 12V 0 5V 2 1 IC 7805 3 .

7k 38 RB5 +5V Gnd 4.7k 40 RB7 VCC 10k 4 R/S 6 E 1 MCLR 0 22Pf 13 OSC1 4MHZ 0 22Pf 14 OSC2 P I C 1 6 F 8 7 7 RD2 21 RD3 22 RD4 27 RD5 28 RD6 29 14 D7 13 D6 12 D5 11 D4 16 * 2 L C D RC0 15 RC1 16 RC2 17 RC3 18 RC4 23 RC5 24 To Relay Driver .Gnd 4.7k RD1 20 37 RB4 Gnd 4.7k 39 RB6 Gnd 4.

12V NO From RC0 of D1 R Phase of line1 Common I/P1 O/P1 I/P1 O/P1 NC Y NO D2 Phase of line1 From RC1 of Common I/P2 O/P2 I/P2 O/P2 12V NC B Phase of line1 NO From RC2 of D3 Common O/P3 I/P3 I/P3 O/P3 NC From RC3 of D4 BUFFER CD 4050 I/P4 O/P4 AMPLIFIER ULN 2803 I/P4 O/P4 12V 12V NO R Phase of line2 Common NC Y Phase of line2 NO From RC4 of D5 I/P5 O/P5 I/P5 O/P5 12V NC Common B Phase of line2 NO Common From RC5 of D6 O/P6 I/P6 I/P6 O/P6 NC .

1A current output with ripple of 0. RL =Vdl/IL = 12/1 = 12ohm.1 C=2405uf Std.Design of DC voltage 12v. With ripple 0.1 .1. 2200uf . rip=1/(4sqrt(3)*f*C*R) C=1/4sqrt(3)x50x12x0. I e 10%.

8 AM 8 AM .10 PM 10 PM .Hrs LINE 3 LS 1 3 1 HOUR 4 6 6 4 4 24 LINE-2 6 AM .Hrs LINE 3 LS 1 3 1 HOUR 6 6 4 4 4 24 LINE-2 6 AM .12 AM 12 AM .2 AM 2 AM .6 PM 6 PM .2 AM 2 AM .2 AM 2 AM .6 AM TOTAL .Hrs LINE LS 3 1 3 HOUR 6 6 8 4 24 RAINY SEASON 3 = 10 Hr 1 = 8Hr LS = 6 Hr LINE-1 6 AM .10 AM 10 AM .2 AM 2 PM .6 PM 6 PM .2 PM 2 AM .LINE-1 6 AM .Hrs LINE LS 3 LS 1 3 HOUR 4 4 2 10 4 24 WINTER SEASON 3 = 8Hr 1= 10Hr LS = 6Hr LINE-1 6 AM .10 PM 10 PM .6 AM TOTAL ± Hrs LINE 3 LS 1 3 1 HOUR 2 10 4 4 4 24 LINE-2 6 AM .4 PM 4 PM .6 PM 6 PM .12AM 12 AM .6 AM TOTAL .4 PM 4 PM .6 PM 6 PM .4 PM 4 PM .10 PM 10 PM .10 AM 10 AM .2 AM 2 AM .Hrs LINE LS 3 1 3 HOUR 10 2 8 4 24 SUMMER SEASON 3 = 6Hr 1 = 8Hr LS = 10Hr .6 AM TOTAL .6 AM TOTAL .6 AM TOTAL .2 AM 2 AM .

Flow Chart .

port D as out put ports and port B as input port) Display initial condition A RB4 =1 N Y Y RB5 =1 N Go to rainy season routine A Y RB6 N =1 Go to summer season routine A Y RB7 =1 N A Go to winter season routine . I/O ports (port C.START Initialize LCD.

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y Safety working. . y Less number of labors required.y Great controlling capacity. y Accurate distribution.

.y Fault detection is difficult. y Requires skilled labour. y High initial cost.

. y Pole substations.y power substation like 66/11KV master unit substation.

more safety & also reduction in human errors. This automatic distribution gives many advantages compared to manual operation. .With the advent of automating power system and its application to power system protection will result in accurate distribution. Since microcontroller is used. this technology achieves great controlling capacity. This project has been carried out for power distribution system having two feeder lines and can be further extended to many number of lines.

wikipedia.google.com www.microchip.com .com www.datasheet. A Text book of electrical technology by B L Theraja      S Chand Publication Microcontroller & its Applications by Gopal singh N S EBPB Publication www.com www.

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