DRIVER TRAINING KIYON?

Driving aik aisi cheez he jo hum taqreeban rozana karte hain Aur yaqeen maniye, ye sab se ziada khatarnak cheez ha jo hum rozana karte hain! 

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General Discussion

Accidents KIYO HOTE HAIN?
ACCIDENT hone ki AAM wajohat: Driving ki bareekiyon ko nazarandaz karna Raftar buhat ziada tez hona Halat aur conditions ke muqable raftar ziada hona Dosro ko ³right of way´ nahi dena

DOSRI WAJOOHAT: Road conditions MOSAM ki waja se ya road ki apni
sakth Gari ki apni condition
Tires ki condition ya pressure Brakes

General Discussion

Accident Costs?
Medical ka kharcha ± Aap, aap ke sathi ya jis se accident hua Liability IKHRAJAT ± Dosri gari / garion ya dosre ki property ko nuqsan Personal: Apni gari ka nuqsan

General Discussion

Professional Driver se UMEED?
Aap ki company aap se buhat ala standard ke kam ki tawuqat rakhti he, in kamo me driving bhi shamil he. Why? Because it¶s possible, Cost effective, Right thing to do!

Safety Tips Quick Check Step Process Defensive Driving ki takneek Road ke Rules General Safety Rules .

Tires ki condition aur pressure Koi oil leak to nahi he ground par .1) Pre-Trip Inspection Apni gari ke gird aik chakar lagaeeye Sheeshe saaf hain? Lighte aur indicator saaf he aur kam karte hain?.

2) GARI KE ANDAR BETH KAR: Seat belt adjust karain aur us ko lagayen Sare mirror check aur adjust karain Headrest adjust karain Yaqeen dahani karain ke tamam doors closed hain Aik nazar taman gauges par dale .

Stress.Continuation Windshield check karain Achi tara yaqeen dahani kain ke app mentally road par pori tawajo dene ke liya tayyar hain aur app ke jazbat qabo me hain. Tension ya KHUSSE ki halat me drive na karain .

ZEHNI KEFIYAT: TANAO / RAWAIYA / JAZBAT BUHAT THAKAN YA NEEND DEKHNE YA SUNNE KI SALAHIYAT ME KAMMI MEHSOOS HONA ADWIYAT YA NASHE KE ZERE ASAR HONA .

1 furlong) Dehat (Approx.4) AGAY TAK KA SOCHNA Road par agay tak ki nigah City (Approx. . Har 5 second me apne mirrors check karain. AIK CHOTHAHI MEEL) APni eyes ko harkat me rahain.

Agli gari se 3~4 second kar fasla barqarar rakhain Achanak lane changes ya turns se gurez karain Raftar ziada na barhain Road par kartab na dikhana ki koshish karain (jazbat par qaboo rakhain) .5) FASLA MAINTAIN KARAIN Raftar aur ³Braking ka Fasla´ intahi aham hain.

Lane kese Change karain Check karain ke jaga mojood he Ishara dain Apna BLIND SPOT lazmi check karain Blind Spots Kisi aur ke blind spot ma koshish karain ke nahi aye Apne Blind spot ke hamesha bakhabar rahain .

is liye slow ho jaye aur ihtiyat barte .Raaste ka haq: Kisi bhi mor ya chorahe par RIGHT side wale ka PEHLA haq ha RAHGEERO aur khas tor par bacho se muhtat rahain. Kisi mor ko approach karte huwe agay tak khatere ko janche Jab khud RIGHT par hon to zehan me rakhain ke RIGHT OF WAY ki koi gurantee nahi he. agla driver shayed raasta na de.

agar mojod na ho to khud utar kar CONFIRM karain .REVERSE karna Sahi posture apnaye (gardan ghuma kar peeche dekhain (rear veiw mirror sa nahi) aur aik hath passengar seat ke peeche rakhain AHISTA reverse karain APNI SIDE par hi reverse karne ki koshish karain AGAR peeche ke RUKAWATO par zara bhi shak ho to HELPER ya SIGNALER se madad lain.

Accident Reporting Har Accident ko report zaroor karain. chahe wo kitna hi chota kiyo na ho .

Defensive Driving Awareness Program .

time and jese bhi spite of the conditions driver ko money inhalaat aur kitne hee around you drivers ka samna ho badtehzeeb and the actions of others.´ .Defensive Driving kiya he? Aisi Driving jo ke JAN. WAQT AUR ³Driving hamesha bachaye chahe PAISE ko to save lives.

Defensive Driving JAN bachati he DUNYA KE SAB ACCIDENTS KE DO TEHAI (2/3)ACCIDENTS AISE HOTE HAIN JO KE BA ASANI BACHYE JA SAKTE THE DEFENSIVE DRIVING KI BADOLAT JO JAN AAP BACHATE HAIN WO AAP KE KISI DOST YA KHUD AAP KI BHI HO SAKTI HE! .

Defensive Driving waqt bachati he WO time nahi jo ke gari tez bhagane se bachte he (jo ke amooman chand minute se ziada wese bhi nahi hota) balke wo waqt jo ke accident ki soorat me behas o takrar ya gari repair ya khud apne ilaj par kharch ho sakta he! .

50% accidents ISSI RAVIYE ki waja se hote hain! . achi JUDGEMENT hoti he Defensive drivers road par SABAR. ache SENSES hote hain.Defensive Driving paise bhi bachati he Paise jo ke khud ke ya dosre ke ilaj par kharch hota ya khud ki ya dosro ki gari ya property ke nuqsan ko sahi karwane me kharch ho sakte he Aik defensive driver ke pas ILM. TAAWUN aur BHAICHARGI ka muzahirah karte hain. Un ka RAVAIYA ³RACING´ ya ³HAMARI GARI BAMUQABLA UNKI GARI´ nahi hota. wo CHOKANNA hota he.

X .ATTITUDE You have to make a conscious decision to be a safe driver.

YE RACING KOI OLYMPIC MUQABLE ME GOLD MEDAL YA INAMI DOLLAR NAHI DILWAYE GI AUR NA HI AAP KI AUR AAP KE GHAR WALO KI JAN SE BARH KAR NAHI HE! .\Road rage[ ya \GHUSSE wali driving[  Road rage ka matlab he ke aap Ghusse hi halat me driving kar rahe hain ya app ko road par buhat jaldi khussa ajata he  Ye GHUSSA in cheeze se BHARAK sakta he:  Aap ko kisi aur driver se khatra laga ho. us ne aap ko tezi se sharp overtake kiya ho ya aap ki gari se apni gari taqreeban milai hoi ho  CHIRCHIRAHAT agar agay wali gari ne aap ko buhat slow hone par majboor kar diya ho  Koi aap par apna road rage nikal raha ho to app REACTIVE ROAD RAGE ka muzahira kar sakte hain  Therapy for road rage:  AIK GEHRA SANS LEJIYE AUR JANE DIJIYE..

Aap kitne CHOKANNA / alert hain 3. Aap me kitni MATURITY he 2. Driver ki nature ya ADAAT 5. Driver ka us waqt ke jazbaat aur ehsasaat .Driving Performance par asar andaz hone wali 5 bunyadi cheeze 1. Aap ko kitni knowledge he 4.

Examples of Physical Condition That Effect the Driver: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ THAKAWAT BEEMARI UMAR TANAO .

Major Driving Errors: ‡Failure to obey traffic laws ‡Failure to maintain your vehicle ‡Discourtesy to other drivers / Combativeness ‡Lack of Driving Knowledge ‡Bad Judgment / Poor Decision Making .

MOSAM KI SHIDDAT Fog Snow Rain Wind Rain & Darkness .

Tire me buhat ziada ya kam AIR GARI ki speed Pani ki gehrai Tire purane ya TREAD DEPTH ka kam hona .Hydroplaning Aik aisi condition jis me GARI ke tire PANI ki SATAH ke opar GHISAT TE hain aur STEERING aur BRAKE ka control qabo se bahar hone lagta he Hydroplaning ki wajoohat 1. 4. 3. 2.

Driving at Night RAAT KI DRIVING DIN KI DRIVING SE ZIADA KHATARNAK HE .

Raat ki Driving KUCH ZAROORI BATAIN: 1. 3. Aaap ka apna eye vision bhi buhat kam ho jata he. Simple si baat he ke: RAAT KI DRIVING ME BUHAT SLOW HO JAYAIN!!! . 4.KABHI bhi neend ki halat ya neend lane wali adviyat lene ke bad Driving na kare.Aap ki headlights agay road ka buhat kam hissa hi dikha pati hain is liye aap ki scanning ziada honi chahiye.

Traffic Congestion 1. When you see someone attempting to change lanes. 2. When you drive on the feeder/access road. . let them in to ensure smoother traffic flow. 3. give right of way to cars exiting the freeway. Always signal your intention to change lanes and look to make sure the way is clear.

Traffic Congestion (continued) 4. Stay calm and be patient. you¶ll get there. 5. This leads to gridlock and slows traffic down further. Don¶t block intersections. Use common sense! . 6.

they have large blind spots. 3. Keep one foot on the brake pedal. .Backing Rules 1. Do Not Trust your rear and side mirrors . Back slowly 5. Always look over your shoulder. 2. 4. Be careful of small children who may wander behind your car or truck.

When speed doubles it¶s about 4 times the stopping distance as 30 mph. At 30 mph and 6000lbs you need 156 feet to stop. At 60 mph you need about 303 feet to stop.Physical Forces that Influence Driver Control At 30 mph and 3000lbs you need 78 feet to stop. When the weight doubles« stopping distance doubles. .

That¶s the length of football field in front of you! .How to Figure the Stopping Distance of your Car 303 ft It takes another 171 feet for your brakes to actually stop your cars movement. At 60 mph. you have traveled a total of 303 feet from the time you saw the child until you stopped your cars motion.

) Quadruple the count when ice covers the road. Double the count when road is wet.Variations of the Two Second Following Rule Use the Two Second Following rule only in Dry weather. (8 sec. (6 sec.) .) Triple the count when snow covers the road. (4 sec.

How closely can you safely follow another car? Continued next page .Did you know? When driving on a road that is new to you: Your eyes tend to scan the road from left to right. We tend not to scan when in familiar territory. which is an excellent driving habit.

keep a 4 second distance behind. .Did You Know (continued) ‡We tend to follow based on how much of the road we can see. A long hood causes us to follow at a greater distance (since you have to look over the hood to see the street). Use the 2 or 4 second rule. Poor driving conditions. Drivers with shorter hoods tend to follow more closely. keep a 2 second distance behind. Good driving conditions.

You must always yield to pedestrians when turning. Be extra careful around schools and parked cars. . 3. Be aware of the special needs of the elderly and disabled. 2.Interacting with Pedestrians on the Road 1.

Give the truck as much distance as possible.Sharing the Road with Trucks 1. . Trucks are bigger so plan and start your pass early. 2. 4. 3. Avoid their blind spot. Give trucks the needed room to maneuver. Get out of the way if a trucks comes up fast. 5.

Many do not. so a safe driver must practice courtesies when driving near bicyclists.Interacting with Bicyclists on the Road Bicycle riders are required to obey the same rules and laws that other drivers do. .

Motorcyclists present drivers with special problems 1. 2. Increase following distance.Interacting with Motorcycles on the Road Motorcycles are also required to obey the same rules and laws that other drivers do. Signal and execute your maneuvers early. 3. Be very careful at intersections! .

brace yourself and hold the brake down . Brace yourself. If the way in front is not clear. 2. Try to pull forward to increase stopping distance. Release the brake an instant before being hit. 4.Threat of Rear End Collision If the way in front is clear and someone is coming fast from the rear: 1. 3.

. Don¶t slam on the brakes. Brake gently to reduce your speed slowly. Steer straight until you¶re in control then pull off the right of way to safety and stop.Flat Tires or Blowouts or Loss of a Tire 1. 2. 3. Grip the steering wheel firmly and take your foot off the gas pedal.

3. With an Antilocking Brake System press down hard and hold the pedal down. (Standard/Disc Brakes or Antilocking Brake System) 2. DO NOT pump your brake pedal! 4. With Standard/Disc Brakes pump the brakes and try to build up enough brake fluid pressure to stop the car. Shift to a lower gear when possible and cautiously apply your foot/hand parking brake if necessary.Mechanical Failures Brake Failure 1. First thing is to know what kind of brakes you car has. .

Concentrate on Steering! Keep your eyes on the road! 2. Attempt to lift the accelerator with your foot. If these measures do not work then: a. Shift to neutral.Mechanical Failures Gas Pedal Sticks 1. Do this with your toe. DO NOT bend down to lift the pedal with your hand! 3. Hit the brakes hard! b. .

Steer yourself to exit away from traffic. If necessary.Mechanical Failures Loss of Vehicle Power While Driving 1. steering may feel a little more difficult. Just try as best as you can! 4. use the emergency brake to assist with braking and/or shift to a lower gear with manual transmissions. . 2. Turn your Emergency Flashers on and shift to neutral. 3. DO NOT turn off your ignition as this may lock your steering wheel.

if at night turn on the cars dome light. Steer yourself to exit away from traffic. raise the hood when safe. If you don¶t make it off the road have everyone exit the car safely. d. 3.Mechanical Failures Vehicle Breakdown 1. Observe the scene for people in the street. Move to lane farthest away from the lights. If you see a vehicle or flashing lights on the roadside: a. . Then turn on the Emergency Flashers. b. Be Prepared for the unexpected. c. 2. Reduce your Speed as you approach.

Mechanical Failures Steering Fails 1. Ease off the accelerator. . 3. 2. then apply the brakes to avoid changing lanes or direction. Wait until the car slows down. Bring your car to a smooth stop.

Think Safety. Move off the roadway. If all the lights fail: i. c.Mechanical Failures Headlights Fail 1. If on a lighted highway: a. b. Until you slow down enough to get off the roadway slowly. b. ii. Immediately turn on your emergency flashers. If the highway is dark: a. 2. Get off the roadway and move onto the shoulder or other available space fast. Try to stay on the pavement. .

Brake smoothly as you ease to the shoulder of the road. ** Make it a habit to check that your hood is securely ** latched whenever you stop at a service station.Mechanical Failures If Your Car¶s Hood Flies Up: 1. Take your foot off the accelerator IMMEDIATELY. You may have to view out your left window or peek through the gap under the hinge edge of the hood. . 2. 3.

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