2.

9: FORCES IN EQUILIBRIUM

Forces in Equilibrium
‡ When an object is in equilibrium, the resultant force acting on it is zero. ‡ The object will either be
1. at rest 2. move with constant velocity.

RESULTANT FORCE
‡A single force that represents the combined effect of two of more forces in magnitude and direction.

Examples
( Label the forces acted on the objects)

Addition of Forces
‡ Resultant force, F = ____ + ____

‡ Resultant force, F = ____ + ____ 


‡ Using ruler and protractor, draw the two forces F1 and F2 from a point.

STEP 2

‡Complete the parallelogr am

STEP 3
‡ Draw the diagonal of the parallelogram. The diagonal represent the resultant force, F in magnitude and direction.

Resolution of Forces
A force F can be resolved into components which are perpendicular to each other: (a) horizontal component , FX (b) vertical component, FY

Resolution of Forces

Fx = F cos Fy = F sin

‡ Component of weight parallel to the plane = mg sin ‡ Component of weight normal to the plane = mg cos

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful