# 2.

9: FORCES IN EQUILIBRIUM

Forces in Equilibrium
 When an object is in equilibrium, the resultant force acting on it is zero.  The object will either be
1. at rest 2. move with constant velocity.

RESULTANT FORCE
A single force that represents the combined effect of two of more forces in magnitude and direction.

Examples
( Label the forces acted on the objects)

 Resultant force, F = ____ + ____

 Resultant force, F = ____ + ____ 


 Using ruler and protractor, draw the two forces F1 and F2 from a point.

STEP 2

Complete the parallelogr am

STEP 3
 Draw the diagonal of the parallelogram. The diagonal represent the resultant force, F in magnitude and direction.

Resolution of Forces
A force F can be resolved into components which are perpendicular to each other: (a) horizontal component , FX (b) vertical component, FY

Resolution of Forces

Fx = F cos Fy = F sin

 Component of weight parallel to the plane = mg sin  Component of weight normal to the plane = mg cos

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