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By V.

Chandra Kanth 10806038

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History of Open Source Software Idea of Open Source Software Advantages and Disadvantages of Open Source Open Source Software licenses Open Source on Business side

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Two events that laid foundation for open source software movement..

In US east coast, Richard Stallman launched the GNU project and the free software foundation . Ultimate goal is to build a free Operating System and also GNU GPL license was designed to maintain that software is free In US west coast, Computer Science Research Group (CSRG) of Berkeley University was improving the UNIX system which became BSD Unix. It was freely distributed under BSD license.

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General Idea of Open Source Software ::


Use the software as they wish, for whatever they wish, on as many computers as they wish, in any technically appropriate situation. Have the software at their disposal to fit it to their needs. Of course, this includes improving it, fixing its bugs, augmenting its functionality, and studying its operation. Redistribute the software to other users, who could themselves use it according to their own needs. This redistribution can be done for free, or at a charge, not fixed beforehand. Users of a piece of software must have access to its source code.

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The differences between open source licenses lie usually in the importance that the author gives to the following issues:

Protection of openness Protection of moral rights Protection of some proprietary rights Compatibility with proprietary licenses Compatibility with open source licenses

Some of the more common open source software licenses are as follows::
BSD GPL MPL
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The availability of the source code and the right to modify it. The right to redistribute modifications and improvements to the code The right to use the software in any way

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There is no guarantee that development will happen There may be significant problems connected to intellectual property. It is sometimes difficult to know that a project exist, and its current status.

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Red Hat one of the original believers in openness , cleared $1 billion in revenue for the year 2010. At current stock prices, Red Hat is worth more than $9 billion. Red Hat s success is a proof that business and open source can co-exist.
Open source projects are flourishing..for example... there are 1.49 million projects at GitHub..and also there are 2 million downloads at SourceForge a day..

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-> Not a Open Source Supporter initially. e.g. Open Office.org -> But it is changing its trend. -> Gains money from the add-ons Scott McNealy ,the chief architect of ORACLE world said that community version of MySQL will be enhanced while making clear that there would be some value add for those who paid for the enterprise edition..

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Code is everywhere, and it is more and more likely to be open source from the bottom to the top of the stack. Ruby,Python,Perl,JavaScript and PHP dominate the list of top languages at GitHub. This code, in turn, runs on open source libraries that sit onLinux. Although proprietary coding tools and extensions continue to proliferate, the core is increasingly fully open source. Open source content management systems like web.py, phpBB, CakePHP, Lift, Drupal, Joomla, and probably hundreds of other open source CMS frameworks are packaging up most of the information you read today
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Google distributes its open source products based up on BSD license.and the users are free to do with it what they will But, Oracle & Google are fighting over android phones which implements some features of JAVA In general, the success of any open source or any other product depends on what licenses means and dont mean.. You can have a look at Google open source projects at http://code.google.com/opensource/

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A simple recipe for a causal open source project is : open the code and share For most of the millions of projects and downloads, the ability to read the code is all that matters.

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