AETAS WAY OF LIFE IN THE RESETTLEMENT AREAS IN THE PHILIPPINES
Maria Theresa Lendyl O . Azarcon
(“ EYE -
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or Agtaare indigenous people who live in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of the Philippines Earliest inhabitants in the Philippines <30,000 <0.03% of the Philippine population Self-sufficient and held a culture distinctly their own Zambales, Tarlac, Pampanga, Angeles, Olongapo, Bataan Sambalic languages, Tagalog Various forms of animism and monotheism
• • • • • • dark to very dark brown skinned people short in stature small of frame curly haired small nosed have dark brown eyes
and peace of heart • Binangewan is responsible for
RELIGION . • Pinatubo Aeta worship Apo Namalyari • Mamanua believe in the supreme Magbabaya • Agta believe in a supreme being they call Gutugutumakkan ("great creator“) Four manifestations : • Tigbalog is the source of life and action • Lueve takes care of production and growth • Amas moves people to pity. BELIEFS AND PRACTICES
. love.that they believe in a supreme being who rule over lesser spirits or dieties. unity.Monotheistic .
such as the spirits of the river. which literally means "inhabiting a place". the sky. and other places. • Negros Ati have believe in their environmental spirits taglugar or tagapuyo.
. the sea.Animists
• Pinatubo Aeta believe in environmental spirits such as anito and kamana • They believe that good and evil spirits inhabit the environment. the hill. the valley. the mountain.
000 Aeta families trekked down the hills . Mount Pinatubo volcano erupted after centuries of slumber A canopy of lahar and rocks covered the plains and valleys of Central Luzon and destroyed farms and fishponds The land was covered with three to six feet of ash 200.MT . 1991. PINATUBO ERUPTION
Ø Ø June 15. found themselves refugees “nature had taken its wrath against man”
v v The Philippine government. San Clemente. clothing and shelter of the victims. feudalism and beggary Aetas in Negros became agricultural laborers on tenants working in lands that were formerly their own In Iloilo. relocation.
v v v
. NGO civic groups and the international community responded to the immediate basic needs of food. Pinatubo they were resettled in various resettlement areas in Region 3 like Porac Pampanga and in Dueg. some became beggars in the streets. Due to the eruption of Mt. Tarlac. experienced vast expulsion.
Update on the Philippine Aeta Minority Education Project 2011
Aeta Resettlement and Rehabilitation in Subic. Zambales. Philippines
Subic Zambales for the resettlement of the dislocated Aetas • Houses were built and initial water system for home consumption • Feeding program • Clinic services • Spiritual needs and value formation programs
.THE RESETTLEMENT AND REHABILITATION PROJECT
• The government allocated a site at Sitio Gala.
visitors and guests at program site • Develop and enhance socio-cultural aspects of the lives of the Aeta settlers • Develop institutional capabilities for effective implementation of program plans
.Long Term Goals of the Resettlement • Maintain the ecological balance of the area • Optimize the productivity of the site towards sustainability • Utilize the site as a model for resettlement of other cultural minority groups Immediate Project Needs • Operate sustainable income generating and allied activities • Provide quality services to all patron.
.On-site Rehabilitation Project Staff 1 Area coordinator 1 Organizer 1 Agriculturist 1 Teacher 1 Program Officer 1 Nurse (taken over by a trained Aeta health worker) Facilities available on-site Housing for 60 families Initial water system for home consumption was set up with the presence of spring in the vicinity A basketball court was set up with the support of the Mayor of Subic for community recreational and sports activity.
boulders. forest trees. spring and falls Conducive to food production like upland rice planting. and goat-raising For community recreational and sports activities. tilapia fish pond culture.LOCAL RESOURCES AND FACILITIES FOR COMMUNITY LIVING
v v v v v Endowed with natural ecological resources – vegetation. a basketball court was set up A school for the Aeta children A chapel for liturgical services
.aids the former and trained to eventually take over the guidance and support duties of the Day Care Center.Project Staff
area coordinator and organizer an agriculturist a teacher and program officer resident nurse – who provides continuing practical health service which includes food subsistence for Day Care children Aetahealth worker .
are now settled in the area.PROGRESS IN THE AETA COMMUNITY
After thirteen years. q Aeta Tribal Council of Sitio Gala is now in its 3rd year of operation q headed by a chieftain q 300 individuals or 60 families. a peaceful and productive site and an organized community of Aetas. q q
. composed of sixty families.
old are recipients of the supplemental feeding program of the foundation • The Day Care children ranging from 4 -6 yrs old go to school daily.
.7 yrs.PROGRAMS/PROJECTS :
Supplemental Feeding Pr og r am
Children categorized as 1 . They are also recipients of the feeding program.
Schoolchildren and students from age 7 to 16 are provided with education in public and private schools with the aid of the foundation. •
. • A total of 23 students both elementary and high school attend the formal education.
2004. Subic Zambales • 2 full-time teachers • Adults and out-of-school youth were under the Functional Literacy Program •
. the Education Department and the Foundation of our Lady of Peace forged an agreement that opened an accredited multi-grade level elementary school for 42 elementary Aeta children • Sacatihan -Aningway.FORMAL EDUCATION
receptionists. bananas. gabi. pond) o eco-pilgrimage tourism project Aetas are to be employed as cooks. housekeeper. o Mangoes o Tilapia are grown in ponds (only 750 sq. m.LIVELIHOO D
planting of pineapples. o o
. etc. ginger and vegetables.
etc.Environmental Concer n
Tree planting in the 40hectare site is a continuing activity of the foundation to preserve the ecological balance in Sitio Gala. mahogany.
. The Aetas. mangoes. together with the staff have planted narra. and other fruit bearing trees such as jackfruit.
Since the area is blessed with springs. water for domestic chores of the Aetas has been tapped by the foundation.
A Documentary on Aetas Way of Life in the Resettlement Areas in the Philippines
A Documentary on An Urban Aeta Group
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