GIS IN MILITARY AND BATTLE FIELD

(You can run but you can¶t hide)

TEAM MEMBERS
‡ M.Khalil ‡ M.Saif ‡ M.Kashif ‡ Jawad Bashir ‡ M.Adnan
Colonel (GIS Tool Experts)

Colonel (GIS Map Expert)

Air Marshal (Air command & Control)

Lt.General (Battle plan Executor)

Lt. General (Joint Chief)

GIS Tools In Military

Commercial Joint Mapping Toolkit (C/JMTK)
‡ There are now more than 200 command, control, and intelligence(C2I) mission applications within the Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, and Navy approved for C/JMTK usage ‡ Digital Collection Analysis and Review System (DCARS), STRAT Gateway, Rifts Automated Trace Locator (RATL), and Maneuver Control System (MCS).

C/JMTK in Action
‡ Engineering Research and Development Center (ERDC). ‡ Battle space Terrain Reasoning and Awareness (BTRA) program. ‡ Web-based services for movement projection, position of advantage ,and line of sight for force protection.

C/JMTK Enables the Geo Reach System
‡ GeoReach is the name given to the expeditionary site mapping (ESM) capability that involves sharing both classified and unclassified information of potential and actual forward operating locations (FOL). This system helps shape basing operations throughfour phases:
Locating. Collecting. Assessing. Enabling

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Maneuver Control System
‡ The Maneuver Control System (MCS) provides Army users worldwide with tools enabling them to understand the battlefield situation, plan actions, and achieve the commander¶s objectives. ‡ On the battlefield, the COP() provides real-time global positioning system (GPS) data on the locations of tanks, field artillery and missile defense sites.

Capabilities Of MCS
‡ Provides information about friendly and enemy capabilities and locations, weather, terrain, obstacles, and other geospatially based data. ‡ Offers graphic and geospatial data managementand analysis capabilities ‡ Uses real-time GPS data for tracking. ‡ Allows commanders and planners to share and visualize information. ‡ Enables users to add layers of new data, large amounts of metadata, and georeferenced data

GeoRover Tools for ArcGIS
‡ GeoRover software enables soldiers, field agents, emergency responders, defense attachés, combat engineers and civil support teams to together actionable intelligence in geospatial context. ‡ Intelligence data can be quickly imported from multiple sources and displayed in ArcGIS. In the field, data in the form of pictures, video clips, and sound recordings can be linked on digital maps for subsequent intelligence analysis.

APPLICATIONS AND BENEFITS
‡ Data Import: Import wizard rapidly and flexibly ingests non spatial data from many different data sources (spreadsheets, text, databases) and in many different coordinate formats into ArcGIS Desktop. Data Editing: Edit features with a streamlined, interactive interface to the ArcGIS Desktop. Data Export: Export wizard generates powerful products in standard formats (HTML, PowerPoint® slide shows, Excel® spreadsheets) from ArcGIS data Field Data Collection/Visualization: Plot routes and collected field data as layers in ArcGIS Desktop 

Benefits include:
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GIS IN AIR FORCE

GEO Base System
‡ The GIS Support primary mission is to develop enhance real-time situational awareness, decision making, and command and control for day-to-day and crisis response operations. ‡ GeoBase gives you a scalable, feature rich, easy-to-use engine that delivers core geospatial functionality in a software application. It takes the complexity out of geospatial software. Its application includes ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Field Service Transportation and Logistics Dispatching Route Optimization Or any application where location matters Tracking.

Benefits of Geo base
‡ The flying community can use Geo Base as a backdrop for approach and departure corridors on airfields. ‡ Similarly, the Bird Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) information and commercial air traffic corridors could be added to the system to give a three-dimensional understanding of air traffic in a region.

Software view

Application view

GIS IN ARMY

Digital Topographic Support System
‡ DTSS provides updated geospatial data and analysis that can be merged with real-time military intelligence to provide mission planners, battlefield commanders, and war fighters with unprecedented situational awareness. ‡ Current DTSS systems use ESRI ArcGIS, Leica® ERDAS® IMAGINE®, and Skyline Terra Explorer® integrated with the Army Battle Command System (ABCS) software suite.

Benefits
‡ The DTSS systems provide terrain analysis and visualization capabilities along with terrain database development. ‡ DTSS enables mission planners to compile information from a multitude of sources. ‡ This information is used to create or enhance digital data that provides the common map background for all Army Battle Command Systems.

Situation Geographic Information System (SGIS)
‡ Developed within the AQUA project at the Swedish National Defense College (SNDC). ‡ The SIGIS command and control support system is a Web based client & server approach to handling presentation and management of the operational and tactical picture

Capabilities and Benefits
‡ The user client presents an operational & tactical situation picture adapted to different military arenas (e.g., joint, ground, air, and sea).

‡ Through the intuitive interface, the Identification tool can be used to learn more about an object´s attributes (for example, tactical graphic objects with attributes such as speed, direction, sensor and weapon ranges).

‡ Enables realistic scenarios and easy to learn and handle.

‡ Supports the different functions in the generic commandand control cycle model (planning, execution,and assessment)

Stryker Brigade Combat Team System
‡ The Stryker BCT system consists of a Web-based front end ,a spatial database, and a Web-based viewer with query and print capabilities. The Stryker BCT system directly supports the global war on terrorism through the development of an enterprise framework of geospatial intelligence technology for the Army. Benefits: It simplifies the workflow by allowing the soldier collecting the data to input directly to the system. It uses default values and subtypes to prevent misclassification of features and domain lists to improve data quality Web-based data entry form for the direct entry of field data

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Military Terrain Analysis II, TERRA II
‡ TERRA II is a second-generation tool for terrain analysis designed for and used by the Finnish Army. TERRA I, developed in 1999, was the first GIS-based terrain analysis used by the Finnish Army.

‡ The TERRA II requirements included real-time analysis, vehicle parameter control, vector-to-raster capability, and data distribution.

‡ TERRA II functionality works on ArcGIS 9.x Desktop with the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension.

‡ Terrain models include data layers such as soil trafficability, soil carrying capacity, slope, timber volumes, frost carrying capacity (especially on swamps), ice, and snow.

BENEFITS AND CAPABILITIES
‡ Raster and vector data combinations overlaid on raster layers. ‡ Evaluate reliability of parameters for geospatial and terrain analysis. ‡ Real-time analyses (seasonal data collected by military personnel). ‡ Data distribution for different roles. ‡ Tactical decision aids for artillery, anti aircraft defense, and other defense applications.

Combined Artillery System
‡ Combined Artillery system is a tool to support the artillery regiment and artillery battalion staffs within the framework of tactical fire control using the command, control, communications, and intelligence system. ‡ It enables the user to quickly and effectively engage a sequence of targets with optimum allocation to the available munitions.

GIS FOR NAVY AND MARINES

Regional Planning

GIS for Navigation Planning
‡ A GIS was developed to centralize most relevant information and help navigators be aware of what is available for specific areas of interest. Layers were stored in a personal geo database in six thematic datasets: environment, base map, administrative limits, technical limits, chart coverage, and navigation information. More than 50 layers of thematic data were collected including several chart folios, baseline, underwater cables, magnetic declination, search and rescue areas, main seaports, main ocean routes, sea climatology, major ocean currents, bathymetry, political boundaries, and satellite images of main ports.

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GIS IN INTELLIGENCE

Filtering GIS Displays with Semantic Lenses
‡ An alternative to toggling layers on and off is semantic lensing, which is a localized, ³detail-on demand´ filtering strategy. Completion times of geospatial analyses are significantly faster when using lenses and workloads are significantly lower. Semantic lenses are used by GIS analysts to understand relationships between multiple layers of data simultaneously. Types of semantic lenses: A filter lens. A label lens A query lens

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JOINT OPERATIONS

Multirole Geospatial Data Infrastructure
‡ To make this information available in real time to users, a tactical strategic system was designed and implemented. ‡ Based on a geospatial data infrastructure and incorporated in a GIS, the system has Internet, intranet, stand-alone applications.

CONCLUSION
‡ GIS provides multiple options for military war planers and experts to make war plans and Strategic responses correspondence to changing conditions.

‡ GIS provide a common platform for all the forces and intelligence agencies to work jointly in more efficient manner.