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2014

First Integrated Clean Coal / CCS Commercial Demonstration Project: 2014


Knowledge Gained from Large Scale Demonstration at Boundary Dam in Canada


Zewei Yu Senior Adviser to VP ICCS

SaskPower
2011 7 Beijing

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Boundary Dam ICCS Demonstration


Presentation Outline:

Background Status and Progress Knowledge Gained Knowledge to be Gained

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Boundary Dam ICCS Demonstration


2010 Power Supply 20759 GWh Coal 58%, Gas 18% Hydro 19% Wind 2% 46 more than 460,000 customers 156,000 km of power lines Population 1,050,000 * Territory 650,000 KM2 , GDP Most carbon intensive economy in Canada

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Canadas Proposed Emission Regulations Proposed Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Regulations on Coal fired Power Plant
2011 2015 New regulations to become law in 2011 and in effect by 2015 and applicable to all coal fired power units 2015 / (360-420 Toones/GWh) By 2015, existing coal-fired units must meet an emission standard on par with the emissions intensity of high-efficiency natural gas generation 360-420 kilograms (kg) of carbon dioxide (CO2) / per megawatt hours (GWh) CO2 2025 Capture ready required for all new coalfired electricity units and allow for technology development to meet the emission standards until 2025.

Saskatchewan in alignment with federal government on environmental regulations


Establish provincial fund for technology solutions Set up administrative agency for implementation 2012 To be finalized 2012

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Boundary Dam ICCS Demonstration


Original Unit 3
Pulverized Coal (lignite) 1800 psi 1000/1000 F 1968 commissioned 1968

Replacement Unit 3
Unit
g nin Q3 io ss mi o m 013 C 3 2 01 2
New Unit in an old box Carbon Capture Ready 1800 psi 1050/1050 F 110 MW net with Carbon
Capture

2013 commissioned 2013

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Boundary Dam ICCS Demonstration

CO2 Capture Plant

Q1 ing ion iss mm Co 14 20

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Saskatchewan-Based CCS Projects
Saskatchewan has a full suite of CO2 capture & storage
expertise and demonstration.

Integrated Carbon Capture & Sequestration Demonstration Project Saskatchewan Carbon Capture Test Facility - CO2 Weyburn-Midale CO2 Monitoring & Storage Project CO2 Deep Saline CO2 Storage Aquistore CO2 CO2 EOR / Sequestration in Heavy Oil Reservoirs SRC/Husky Saskatchewan Research Council (SRC) Petroleum Technology Research Centre (PTRC) International Performance Assessment Centre for CCS (IPAC)

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Boundary Dam ICCS Demonstration

Weyburn/Midale

100 km

EOR

50 km

Boundary Dam Power Station

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Boundary Dam ICCS Demonstration


GHG Emissions Profile
BD New Contemporary Coal no CCS ICCS
CO2 / kg/MWh

NG CC 360-420

136

1000

Rate Impact

Rate Impact

Neutral

Higher

Base

Envir

hip at it tewards lS nmenta

s Best

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Integrated( Carbon Capture & Sequestration Demonstration Project / ) /


SaskPower is leading the development of one of the worlds first and largest integrated clean coal/carbon capture and sequestration demonstrations projects. A unique project that will demonstrate a cost-effective, environmentally sustainable, long-term model for existing coal-fired electricity generation. The project will fully integrate and retrofit a coal-fired generation unit with carbon capture and an enhanced oil recovery operation. / This leading-edge project will determine the technical, economic and environmental performance of clean coal/carbon capture and storage technology.

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Boundary Dam 10
Project Capital Cost Breakdown

CO2 capture 43%

rebuild 30%


Other emissions reduction and performance improvement

27%

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baseline is cost of new natural gas generation

NG CC

New

Coal
Refurbish Refurbish &
Cleaner

Cost of Electricity

/ Refurbish &
Capture

CO2

Not Sold

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&Refurbish, Capture & Sell

Sold

CO2

Project

Steam

N2,Water Minor Nox, CO2 Traces: PM, Hg, Z Heat Recovery Loop

FURNACE

11 5 M COAL W

AIR HTR

ESP

SO2 Absorber

CO2 Absorber

S T A C K

Reboiler
ASH SO2 Waste Storage / Sale for Concrete Production

Reboiler

Compressor

Conversion to sulfuric Acid for sale or deep Geological storage as Liquid SO2

EOR Grade CO2

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PERMANENT GEOLOGICAL STORAGE


Boundary Dam ICCS Demonstration

Commercial Operation (1Q 2014)

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Progress

Engineering

Power Island Performance and Integration


Boiler and turbine performance upgrades


Integration with flue gas desulphurization (FGD) and CO2 capture systems

CO2

Capture components selected

- Cansolv Technologies technologies shortlisted Offtakers for CO2 EOR market are being identified

continuing to monitor emerging technologies

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Knowledge Gained

Market and Risk


100

Lesson 2:

Forecast Cost ($ B)

75

You dont know what it costs until you see the Contract

50

25

0 2004-01

2005-01

2006-01

2007-01

0 2008-01

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Enginneering Effort ($ m)

Knowledge Gained
Bypassing Liquid

Lesson 3:
Need Transparent Risk Management System to Assure Investors

Bypassing Gas
Low Capture

Reduced Revenue

Modeling Error

Fouling

Increased Penalties

Flow Segregation Threat Consequence

Solvent Degradation

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Knowledge Gained

Carbon Capture Test Facility

Lesson 4:
Industry Needs Better Tools for Assessing Performance and Risk on Post Combustion Capture Systems

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Knowledge Gained

Lesson 5:
Carbon Capture and Power Plant Configuration are Integral
Energy (kJ/kg CO ) 2

Steam Stripping Optima


1500

Generator Derate

Compressor Demand Net Bus Bar Loss


1000

500

0 1 10 100 1000

Compressor Inlet Pressure (kPa abs)

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Knowledge Gained

100%

Lesson 6:
Carbon Capture Ready can be significant
Net Output

80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Carbon Capture


Before Typical Vendor FEED Study

Workable Bolt-on

Integrated

Potential BD-3 As Contracted

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Knowledge Expected
Will performance match engineering predictions Will integrated operation perform as intended were the risk models actually of value in managing the project, or is this just fodder for the financiers Can some of the opportunities which were bypassed on the Demo be brought into future projects What new opportunities for cost reduction and performance improvements will be uncovered To what extent will society support movement to low carbon future including accepting a cost premium Will new public Issues arise To what extent will new industry grow what regional economic impact will be seen

100

150
0

MW

100

150
0

CO2 T/h

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Lesson 1

We Learn By Doing
Corollary

Experience makes Success Possible

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Moving Forward: Partnerships in CCUS between Canada and China

2010 1 The MOU on CCUS collaboration between SaskPower and


China Huaneng Group was signed in Beijing, January 2010.

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Moving forward Cross-Sector partners collaborates between Canada and China across Pacific

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