SEMINAR ON

GUIDED BY MS.ASHA K (Asst.Prof.ECE)

BY KISHOR R S7 EC 08420013 CEMP

y INTRODUCTION y BASICS OF 3D DISPLAY y HOLOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUE y DIGITAL HOLOGRAPHY y DIGITAL HOLOGRAPHIC 3D DISPLAY OVERVIEW y SETUP OF A DIGITAL HOLGRAPHIC 3D DISPLAY y WORKING OF A SYSTEM y ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS y APPLICATIONS y CONCLUSION y REFERENCE

y 3D DISPLAYS GENERATING µGHOST¶ LIKE DUPLICATIONS ARE FAMILIAR IN SCIENCE FICTION MOVIES. y IS IT REALLY POSSIBLE? y SEEING IS JUST OPTICAL

ILLUSION. y FOR IT RECORD LIGHT FIELD DISTRIBUTION.
y OPTICAL INFORMATION IS CARRIED BY WAVE FIELD.

y SUCH WAVE FIELD CAN BE RECORDED BY HOLOGRAPHY y STILL HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAY ALREADY EXIST y BUT DYNAMIC VIDEO HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAYS ARE STILL IN RESEARCH y IT IS ONE OF LISTED TOPIC IN IBM¶S NEXT 5 TECHNOLOGIES AFTER 2010

y CONVENTIONAL 3D DISPLAYS ARE DEVICE WHICH GIVE STERIOSCOPIC PERCEPTION OF 3D DEPTH. y LACK FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT y NOW THE WORD ³3D´ IS A MISNOMER,IT IS JUST STERIOSCOPIC y ONLY 3D´

HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAYS PROVIDE ³TRUE

y STERIOSCOPIC

Two offset images are giving separately to two eyes. need glass to view
y AUTOSTERIOSCOPIC

No need of glass.
y HOLOGRAPHIC AND VOLUMETRIC

Generate the light volume

y TECHNIQUE USED FOR NEXT GENERATION 3D DISPLAYS y TECHNIQUE THAT ALLOWS THE LIGHT SCATTERED FROM AN OBJECT TO BE RECORDED AND LATER RECONSTRUCTED . y THE IMAGE CHANGES AS THE POSITION AND ORIENTATION OF THE VIEWING SYSTEM CHANGES IN EXACTLY THE SAME WAY AS IF THE OBJECT WERE STILL PRESENT y THUS MAKING THE IMAGE APPEAR THREEDIMENSIONAL

GENERATION

RECONSTRUCTON

y TECHNOLOGY OF ACQUIRING HOLOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENT DATA. y THEN NUMERICAL RECONSTRUCTION OF OBJECT FROM RECORDED MEASUREMENT y IT GIVES 3 DIMENSIONAL SURFACE OR OPTICAL THICKNESS DATA

y LIQUID CRYSTAL SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATORS (SLM) ARE PRIMARY CHOICE FOR THIS DISPLAY y SLM IS AN OBJECT THAT IMPOSES SOME FORM OF SPATIALLY-VARYING MODULATION ON A BEAM OF LIGHT y PROPERTIES OF SLM ARE o Higher number of pixels o Smaller pixel period o High efficiency o Faster operation

y SLM S ARE OF DIFFERENT TYPES o Complex amplitude o Amplitude only o Phase only o Transmissive o Reflective o PHASE ONLY ARE USED IN OUR SYSTEM

y COMPUTING FRINGE PATTERNS AND SENDING THEM THROUGH A DATA LINK TO THE DISPLAY IN REAL-TIME ARE SEVERE BOTTLENECKS y FOR ACCEPTABLE VIDEO RESOLUTIONS, HOLOGRAPHIC FRINGE PATTERNS MAY REACH UP TO SEVERAL MEGAPIXELS y ACCURATE COMPENSATED PHASE-ADDED STEREOGRAM (ACPAS) METHOD IS USED IN OUR SYSTEM TO GENERATE PHASE-ONLY HOLOGRAMS

y OUR 3D MODEL CONSISTS OF DISCRETE POINTS IN SPACE. 3D COORDINATE

INFORMATION AND COLOR VALUE OF EACH POINT ARE EXTRACTED FROM EACH 3D VIDEO FRAME AND SEND THROUGH A NETWORK TO THE SERVER COMPUTER. y GPU CALCULATE PHASE ONLY HOLOGRAM S IN REAL TIME y IN RECEPTION IT IS FED TO SLM AND ILLUMINATED BY LED IN THREE COLORS

y USED MULTI GPU ARCHITECTURE
y FOR EACH FRAME, RGB COLOR VALUES

AND THE CALCULATED 3D COORDINATE INFORMATION ARE SENT ONLINE TO SERVER THROUGH THE NETWORK USING TCP/IP PROTOCOL y THE SERVER TAKES 3D COORDINATE AND TEXTURE INFORMATION FROM THE CLIENT FOR EACH FRAME.

y HOLOGRAMS GENERATRD AT CLIENT y SENT ONLINE TO SERVER y EACH COLOUR HOLOGRAM GENERATED ARE FED TO SLM AND ILLUMINATED WITH LED

y SINGLE SLM STRUCTURE LIMITS VIEWING ANGLE y CANNOT ABLE TO ROTATE AROUND y IN THIS PROTOTYPE 6 CIRCULARLY ARRANGED SLM¶S ARE USED y USING THIS WE GET TRUE 3D IMAGE WITH LARGE VIEWING ANGLE

y SO WE NEED TO INCREASE

PIXEL PERIOD p
y FOR THIS INCREASE NUMBER

OF SLM

USING SINGLE SLM

USING MULTIPLE SLM

SIDE BY SIDE

MODIFIED

‡SIDE BY SIDE ARRANGEMENT CAUSE LARGE GAP

USING SIX SLM OF 1920X1080 PIXELS EACH

TOP VIEW

FRONT VIEW

A GENERATED CUBE AT DIFFERENT ANGLES

y GEO-SEISMIC AND 3D VISUALIZATION y MEDICAL TRAINING y MILITARY SIMULATION y 3D GAMING y IN 3D VIDEO CHAT 0R 3D PRESENCE y IN CARTOGRAPHY y IN HOLOGRAPHIC 3DTV y IN ENTERTAINMENT FIELD

y EXPENSIVE y BULKY y DISPLAY NEED HIGH RESOLUTION HOLOGRAPHIC RECORDING AND RECONSTRUCTION y CURRENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES ARE LIMITED IN RESOLUTION

y THIS TECHNOLOGY WILL DEVELOP THE FIELD OF TELE PORTING y CAN VIEW CRICKET AND FOOTBALL MATCHES IN 360 ANGLE y FEELS LIKE YOU WERE IN GALLERY y INTERACTIVE TECHNIQUES LIKE SKINPUT GIVES A NEW WORLD THROUGH THIS TEHNIQUE

y Digital holographic video displays are strong candidates for rendering ghostlike true 3-D motion images y Reasonable sizes and resolutions seem to be sufficient for a stationary observer with no lateral or rotational motion y Gives you 360 real 3D

REFERENCE
y Digital Holographic Three-Dimensional Video Displays Onural, L.;

Yaras , F.; Hoonjong Kang;Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Bilkent Univ., Ankara, Turkey, Proceedings of the IEEE April 2011
y Circularly configured multi-slm holographic display system

Fahri Yaras, Hoonjong Kang, Levent Onural ,Bilkent University Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering ,TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey fahri@ee.bilkent.edu.tr, hjkang@ee.bilkent.edu.tr, onural@ee.bilkent.edu.tr
y www.ieee.org y www.digital holography.eu

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