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Jay Shankar Tewary
Complexities in Energy Efficiency
y Focus on supply side- Due to visible Consequences. y Less focus on demand side and availability of services. y Renewable energy- Huge investment, less conversion
y y y y
efficiency, land acquisition, intermittent availability, aesthetics. Technology up gradation and R&D Financing Constraints Lack of awareness & poor enforcement of Laws Sustainable development.
Demand side Intervention ² Potential and Opportunities Source: BEE. MOP. GOI .
Street Lighting & Office Lighting y Hospitals & Commercial Buildings y HV AC & Building Lighting y Residences y Building services & Lighting y Power Utilities y Demand Side Management of distribution of power (generally limited to CFL lamp schemes etc) y Manufacturing Companies y Machinery & improvement in system efficiencies / productivity .Conventional Method of DSM in India y Municipal Corporations y Water Pumping.
Utility Driven .DSM .
2 Hz to ensure grid discipline y New CERC guidelines ² Restricting the utility to pass the penalty in ARR y Poor Quality of Power ² Low Voltage situation y y y y . 7.2 Hz) during Peak Loading y Additional penalty for drawing unscheduled power at frequency below 49.2 / unit for frequency 49.Challenges for utility Wide gap in Demand and supply High AT&C loss Political Pressure to ensure reliability of supply High Power Purchase Cost (Rs.
Opportunity in Peak Clipping .
2 Hz y Additional Short Term Power Purchase agreement ² Cost varies between Rs6 ² Rs 18 / unit y Limited Capacity of Power Corridor ² Forcing utility to carry out DLR ( Distress Load Relief) .Challenges y During Peak ² Frequency normally falls below 49.
Opportunity for high end consumer y 5-10 % of Consumer of an utility consumes 40 -60 % of the y y y y electricity of an urban utility Normally these HRB (High Revenue Billing) consumer are concerned with quality and continuity of Power and agreed to extend additional support We can design a system in agreement with these utility and their high end consumer ² so that during peak period ² A message can be passed on to these consumer for reduction of load and an incentive to be paid for the amount of energy not used during such peak loading condition. Probable solution may be AMI for such consumer We can take lead for all such effort and can be a mediator between utility and consumer .
consumer protests etc for an utility Thus. During entire power crisis situation ² At some point of time ² consumer consumes additional electricity and at some duration No electricity is available to them Some consumer had taken temporary arrangement such as inverter / generator etc at their end It has been found that a consumer is happy to get emergency lighting load for 24x7. but during some emergency period / power crisis situation. they may get an relief to a some extent Repeated load shedding become s a cause of man handling. though the supply for consumer·s essential load is uninterrupted but the supply for their power hunger equipment will be disrupted Benefits y No need for inverter ² with a slight wiring modification ² uninterrupted supply to their essential loading is ensured y No need to purchase additional costly power ² Utility can able to serve the minimum requirement of their consumer on 24x7 basis y y y y y y . load shedding on rotational basis is being carried out at an utility Load shedding to a consumer normally reflects as a discomfort and as soon as the load shedding is restored ²Normal tendency of a consumer is to switch ON power hunger equipment (AC . heater etc) at their full capacity so that during next load shedding period. a consumer gets entire electricity. heater etc) during peak load condition We can take a lead and propose to install a system ² so that during normal condition.Opportunity for Domestic Consumers y y During power crisis situation. and will not mind for shedding of their power equipment ( AC.
Opportunity in AT&C Loss Reduction .
Challenges y High AT&C Loss ~ 35 % in India y 24-25 % of energy is lost due to theft and rest is accountable for technical losses y Cause of Technical loss y Lower size conductor y Overloaded transformers and line y Poor Voltage and power Factor y High Resistance Joints y Cause of commercial losses y Sluggish energy meter y Pilferage of meter y Direct Theft y Poor Billing efficiency y Poor collection efficiency .
DT metering . the demand decreases y We can develop a business model with R-APDRP . GIS based consumer audit. pillar box metering. Regulators and utility for reduction of Loss and sharing of profit ( 1% loss reduction for NDPL generates addition revenue of (~) Rs.) y Some of the steps may include replacement of energy meter. LTABC etc.Opportunity y Higher the loss ² easier to reduce y It is established that with reduction of AT&C loss. IT intervention in commercial processes. HVDS. Financial Institution. Energy audit. 26 Cr. (depends upon utility profile) .
Oppurtunity in consevation of Energy .
Conservation of Energy ² Bulk Player y 5 -10% of the consumer accounts for 40-50 % of Revenue y We can tie up with utility and may provide free energy audits to these consumer y The report can be submitted clearly mentioning the ROI y If the consumer agreed to implement ² We can share the profit generated from the project y Finance can be arranged by us and the repayment may be explored through utility bills ( from the energy saving in monthly bill through the project) .
Conservation of Energy ² Agricultural Load y Over 35 % of electricity consumed by Municipal and y y y y y y agriculture Agricultural consumers enjoys subsidy on electricity Gap between power purchase and energy sold to agricultural consumer is between Rs 1 -3 Saving in electricity to agricultural load may generate additional revenue for an utility with simultaneous saving in electricity bill for farmers Huge scope of energy savings in agricultural load in India we can develop a model with partial funding from utility and farmer with guaranteed savings in electricity We can also implement a system to ensure agricultural loading only during off peak hour ² which can reduce the .
we can train local personnel and may create a channel / franchise.Conservation of Energy ² small consumers y Though CFL lamps. who can offer such services on behalf of utility y Cost of such project may be collected through utility bill . T5 tubes. electronics ballast provides a mean for energy savings but its effects are limited in spite of offering discount on its purchase y We can tie up with utility and meet with RWA / its consumer for proving a complete energy saving packages for domestic consumers y To implement above.
Opportunity in Renewable Energy .
Opportunity y Preferential tariff for green energy y Government subsidy / fiscal and financial incentive for green energy y By 2012 ² It will be mandatory for a DISCOM to procure 10 % of its energy from renewable source .
regulator and government ² so that special preference is available for solar power with a provision to pump additional power to Grid with preferential rate . utility .Solar Power y High Installation Cost .Commissioning cost of a 5 KW plant is approx 7 Lakh y Financially viable. only if government subsidy and preferential tariff for solar power is available y Assuming a subsidy of 50% on purchase and preferential tariff of Rs 5 / unit .ROI is around 12 years y We can develop a model with consumer.
Other Oppurtunity .
Thus 20 % saving in electricity means a 20% rise in profit We can tie up with Business Body / Business Group and can offer free energy audits to its member and Offer Solutions based on our products Based on report .Other Opportunity y Normally in Industries ² the energy cost is around 5 -10 % y y y y of total turnover and profit of the organization is matching with above. We can share the savings Street Lighting ² Special LED lamps etc ² depending upon situation Municipal Pumps etc.if energy savings project is implemented. .