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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Prepared By Khilesh Sahu1 Class 6th

Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: ; (Devnagari Gujarati: (Devnagari ), pronounced ; 2 October 1869 30 January 1948) was the pre-eminent political and ideological 1948) premovement. leader of India during the Indian independence movement. A pioneer of satyagraha, or resistance to tyranny through mass civil satyagraha, disobedience a philosophy firmly founded upon ahimsa, or total ahimsa, nonviolence Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.1 Gandhi is world.1 Sanskrit: mah tm or often referred to as Mahatma (; Sanskrit: "Great Soul," an honorific first applied to him by Rabindranath Tagore).2 In India, he is also called Bapu (Gujarati: , b pu or Tagore).2 Gujarati: "Father") and officially honoured as the Father of the Nation. His Nation. Jayanti, birthday, 2 October, is commemorated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Nonholiday, NonViolence. Violence.

Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi

Born2 Born2 October 1869) Porbandar, Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, Agency, British Indian EmpireDied30 EmpireDied30 January 1948) (aged 78) New Delhi, Union of IndiaCause IndiaCause of deathAssassination deathAssassination by shootingResting shootingResting placeRajghat, placeRajghat, New Delhi, India

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Early Life
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi3 was born on 2 October 1869 in Gandhi3 Porbandar, Porbandar, a coastal town which was then part of the Bombay Presidency, Presidency, British India. His father, Karamchand Gandhi (1822 India. 1885), who belonged to the Hindu Modh community, served as the diwan (a high official) of Porbander state, a small princely state in state, India. the Kathiawar Agency of British India.4 His grandfather was Uttamchand Gandhi, fondly called Utta Gandhi. His mother, Putlibai, who came from the Hindu Pranami Vaishnava community, was Karamchand's fourth wife, the first three wives having apparently died in childbirth.5 Growing up with a devout mother and the Jain childbirth.5 traditions of the region, the young Mohandas absorbed early the influences that would play an important role in his adult life; these included compassion for sentient beings, vegetarianism, fasting for selfself-purification, and mutual tolerance among individuals of different creeds.6 creeds.6