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MULTIPRONGED COMMUNITY RISK AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT: A STUDY ON PUBLIC SAFETY, GOVERNANCE AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RISK REDUCTION

INITIATIVES IN THE VYPIN ISLAND, KERALA, INDIA AMALKRISHNA.K.L


Reg NO: 130921

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF

Dr. Surya Parkash


Associate Professor (Geohazards & Risk Management Division) National Institute of Disaster Management, Under Ministry of Home Affairs New Delhi

Introduction
 The work is mainly focused on the struggling

communities - Vypin Island.


 The coastal area is highly vulnerable to many hazards.  The project concentrating on

Public health Livelihood problems

Faults and errors in governance Corporate sector involvement in disaster management Role of media in DM To manage existing difficulties in the study area

Vypin Island
Ernakulam- one among the fast growing cities in India District is bounded by 46.2 km. coast line According to the studies by National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) and Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM)

Ernakulam showing high rate of sea level raise among other areas in India
But most of the activities with in CRZ

Vypin
The island is about 27 km long and an average of 2.7km width. But in the case of density, it is one of the most densely populated Islands in the world. Sea is very close to many houses because there is no other place for the people to build their homes. Literacy of the people is very low and people are mostly working as fishermen. Livelihood problems, lowering public health status other socioeconomic disorders are existing in this area.

Vypin

Illiteracy and lack of awareness

alcohol drugs

Majority of the family dont have a sustainable source of livelihood. 16.88% of houses were affected by the devastating disaster in the coastal wards. According to the previous study 37.5% of house affecting coastal flooding, 7.31% under the threat of wave attack, 16.66% of them under bund flooding with in the coastal wards (Susan,
2009)

Aim

To make multipronged struggling communities safer by managing challenges and creating effective multi hazard risk reduction in public safety, livelihood aspects and Governance. Establish corporate social Risk Reduction Initiatives in the coastal area.

OBJECTIVES
Identification of grass root level existing problems in the study area in public heath and sustainable livelihood strategies Make strategic measures to manage the existing problems on a sustainable basis with the help of community participation. Give awareness to the community about the existing and upcoming facilities and schemes in the Government and private sector for getting financial support to housing and income generation programs. Make a model of involvement of corporate sector in the field of disaster management. Involvement of Media in Disaster management

METHODOLOGY
 Field Studies  Interviews with community, Managing directors of different industries,

charitable trusts ,other organizations and various department officials


 Community Meetings  Awareness Camps  Primary data collection through field visits  Secondary Data Collection from local Panchayath, NGOs and different

Govt . departments
 Organizing functions with the participation of the community to

establish direct linkage between different departments and organizations

Study Area
Elamkunnapuzha Panchayath Villages 1. Elamkunnapuzha 2. Puthuvypu Area 11.52 Km2 POPULATION -58007.!

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

TSUNAMI - REHABILITATION STATUS, COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND AWARENESS CREATION

COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND AWARENESS CREATION


The condition of shelter facilities is in very pathetic stage Many houses are in CRZ Lack of original record about the ownership of the property /Pattayam usually leading towards the missing of offers and schemes from the government Usually coastal community having some difference in character from other region. It is difficult to get acceptance for a new person or a scheme/project etc in this area

Houses are still there without getting any support from government Lack of awareness about the facilities and new schemes of the government and private agencies The Panchayath is dealing only one scheme of housing finance support that is EMS housing support. But the problem is that the scheme only provides 75000. Most of them under huge liabilities 75000 is not enough to make a house

A Drugs and Panmasala banned Panchayath!


Community meetings and other reports states that more than 80% of the families, alcohol acting as the main enemy Most vulnerable group-student community

Opportunity for the higher education is lacking After 10th most of them go for different jobs Normally got 350-400/day

Need Awareness

It will lead them towards these threats Number of diseases, corruptions and social problems growing day by day Widows of very small (20-30) age increasing drastically

STUDENTS AWARENESS CAMP AT MALIPPURAM UPPER PRIMARY SCHOOL Number of students participated: 252

Awareness class taken by Mr. Vinoy, Regional Director of Bharath Scouts

Importance of Media in Handling These Hurdles


Print Media & Electronic Informing the people and the authorities during emergencies becomes critical, especially the ways in which media can play a vital role in public awareness and preparedness through educating the public about disasters warning of hazards Gathering and transmitting information about affected areas, Alerting government officials Helping relief organizations and the public towards specific needs and even in facilitating discussions about disaster preparedness and response.

Community Meeting
Venue : Chappa Kadappuram, Malippuram, Vypin
Date : 21-05-2011

More than 90 families have attended in the meeting All the people who attended the meeting dont have any proper facility to live and no sustainable source of livelihood The community awareness program was inaugurated by Mr. Sivadasan (Mathribhumi) The participants of the meeting have one or more member in their family using alcohol regularly. The most important result that formulated through the meeting was 18 families instead of 90 families who attended the meeting, were included in the Tsunami Rehabilitation List and even now itself they dont get any support from the Government.

Outcome of the Community Meeting

After the meeting the Tsunami Rehabilitation List was put forwarded from the Panchayath office to the District Collectorate The people become aware of certain things about the schemes and facilities available for financial support for housing and other essential facilities. The participants include, both men and women representatives, and the meeting was a perfect situation for them to convey their sufferings in front of the Panchayath and media.

COMMUNITY AWARENESS GENERATION PROGRAM AND MEETING AT CHAPPA BEACH

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MATHRIBHUMI TAKING AWARENESS CLASS FOR THE COMMUNITY

A MODEL FOR THE CORPORATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Corporate Sector and Disaster Management


Disaster management is a multi dimensional function, which need support from different sectors. If any disaster occurs in one region the local government organizations and the available facilities may not be sufficient for the response and rehabilitation processes. The corporate sector can play a pioneering role in supporting and leading the community in disaster management activities and in mobilizing human and financial resources as well as materials for utilization in different phases of disasters.

A MODEL TO SHOW THE ROLE OF CORPORATE SECTOR AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS.

Associating organizations Kerala Merchants association-DAYA Helping Hand Ammas Group of food courts and restaurants VC Pharmaceuticals Company Shasta Group
It is difficult to approach these agencies

INAUGURAL FUNCTION OF STUDENTS EDUCATION SUPPORTING PROGRAM Different Departments Involved

Elamkunnapuzha Panchayath Health Department Film industry Media All Kudumbasree units

We can perfectly use these entities for disaster management activities

PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION EXISTING PROBLEMS AND MANAGEMENT

Due to its high population density, the area is highly vulnerable to communicable diseases. The place is widely affected by Chicken Gunya during the year 2008-2009 Now the chances are increasing because people from different states are flowing into this island area due to the upcoming and existing huge projects

Malaria
Place : Elamkunnapuzha Malaria Si.No. 1 2 3 Name Of The Patient Joshy Prasad Shibu Age & Gender 50, Male 28, Male 27, Male Type Of Disease Malaria P.V. Malaria P.V. Malaria P.V. Date Of Reporting 2/10/2010 22/07/2010 3/9/2010 Occupation & Place Construction Worker, Migrant From Mangalur Construction Worker, Migrant From Mumbai Construction Worker, Migrant From Mangalapuram Construction Worker, Migrant From Mumbai Construction Worker, Migrant From Mumbai Construction Worker, Migrant From Shornoor / Elamkunnapuzha

Prasad

28, Male

Malaria P.V.

30/07/2010

Maneesha

25, Female

Malaria P.V.

13/07/2010

Poornendu Naskar Michel

40, Male

Malaria P.V.

27/07/2010

62, Male

Malaria P.V.

10/9/2010

Seetharam

36, Male

Malaria P.V.

1/9/2010

Construction Worker, Migrant From Bihar

(Health department)

Need of Palliative Care in Elamkunnapuzha

In some cases, family needed more than

20000 per month

for the treatment like dialysis. The real difficult situation cant overcome easily by the families itself; they need support from outside to compete with these situations.

Completed palliative care needed people survey in the study area and presented in front of local authoritydifferent organizations-health department

High Density of Mosquito


Kochi is very famous area for Mosquito spending 10 Lakhs each year for controlling mosquito

only for temporary controlling >Fogging Temephos Technical Malathion,

>Spraying for Controlling Larva Pyrethran >Source Reduction Activities

Awareness Creation

These measures making negative impactsrespiratory problems, water contamination etc. Need permanent basis of treatment-channel clearing, new drainage facilities

Disaster Management Team


A disaster management core group is formulated in the Panchayath

The Panchayath president is the commander of the group and the group members include the following;
   

Panchayath member (Mr. Babu) CDS chairperson (Mrs. Galila Subramanian) Junior Health Inspector (Mr. Karthikeyan) 27 ADS members (working group)

Initial work of the Team


A common repository of available information of the local and national organizations/groups/companies etc. which are actively involving in disaster management preparation. This data base helps to make link with these sectors and organizations by the core group. This team also searches for the updates of new schemes and facilities which are issuing by the government and other agencies. The information about the database is also delivered to the public and they can access and use these facilities through the team.

Prominence of the Data base

There are a lot of facilities in the hands of Government/private sector and organizations which can support the suffering communities for housing, education support, palliative care, medical support, job opportunities etc.

Data Base Prepared


Palliative care needed people survey data People needed support for housing The details of the people included in the tsunami rehabilitation list who doesnt get any help from the government. Families need support for the student education

PATHETIC CONDITION OF HOUSES IN THE COASTAL AREA

Achievements of the Work


 Identification of grass root level problems existing in the area  The main achievement of the project is creation of a strong link

between different organizations and struggling community.


 The Tsunami rehabilitation list is forwarded.  Creation of a core DM group.  Building of strong awareness

On a sustainable basis because the NGOs and other organizations can now take up the awareness generation programmes for the future.

Achievements

 Creation of awareness against the use of alcohol and drugs in

the student community.


 Health department and palliative care  Education support for the students  Involvement of different medias.

Some reports about the area is now in the processing stage


 Mere over a mental support to the struggling communities

REFERENCES
Calow, P.,(1998), Handbook of Environmental Risk Assessment and Managemnt, Blackwell Science, Australia. Pages 1-10Jain, S. K., Murty, C. V. R., Rai, D. C., Malik, J. N., Sheth, A. R., and Jaiswal, A., (2005) Effects of M 9 Sumatra earthquake and tsunami of 26 December 2004, Current. Sciences. Chadwick,A., Fleming ,C.( 2004), Coastal Engineering, Dominic Reeve, , Spon Oress, New York Clark ,J. R., (1996),Coastal Zone Management, Lewis Publishers Dale, R. (2006), Developmental planning; Concepts and tools for planners, managers and facilitaters, Academic foundation, New Delhi. Pages 17-30, 50-60, 182-207 Kapur ,A.(2010), Vulnerable India; A Geographical Study of Disasters, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, Pages 1-9 McLusky, D. S., Elliott, M.,( 2004), The Estuarine Ecosystem ecology;threats and management (third Edition), Oxford University Press Ministry of environment and forests,( 2011), Coastal regulation zone notification Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part-II, Section 3, Sub-section (ii) of dated the 6th January, page 15 NIDM , (June 2008), Action Plan to Mitigate Natural Disasters and sea erosion in coastal areas of Tamil Nadu Report of the expert Team, , New Delhi. Government of India ,Kerala Development Report (2008), Planning Commission, , Academic foundation, New Delhi, Pages 31-33, 49-52, 367-378 Peter ,W. F., (1997), Coastal Estuarine Management, Routledge, London Spechler, R. M., (1994)Saltwater Intrusion and Quality of Water in the Floridan Aquifer System, Northeastern Florida, U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 92-4174, Tallahassee, Florida Unnikrishnan, A.S., Kumar K. R., Sharon ,F. E., Michael ,G.S., Patwardgan ,S.K., (2006),Sea Level Changes along the Indian Coast: Observations and Projections, Current Science, volume 90 Number 3, 10 February, pages 362-368.

"At the end of life we will not be judged by how many diplomas we have received, how much money we have made, how many great things we have done. We will be judged by "I was hungry, and you gave me something to eat, I was naked and you clothed me. I was homeless, and you took me in."
Mother Teresa

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