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Amalkrishna.K.

L Disaster Management Division


Krishna.ses1121@gmail.com

DISASTERS

A serious disruption of the functioning of a society, causing widespread human, material, or environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected society to cope using its own resources."

Disasters that we know !


Earthquakes, earth tremors Droughts Floods Landslides, mudslides Volcanic eruptions Tsunamis Epidemics Wildfires etc

DM act 2005
"disaster" means a catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave occurrence in any area, arising from natural or man made causes, or by accident or negligence which results in substantial loss of life or human suffering or damage to, and destruction of, property, or damage to, or degradation of, environment, and is of such a nature or magnitude as to be beyond the coping capacity of the community of the affected area.

Sustainable Development!
Sustainable development has been defined as meets the needs of present without compromising the ability of the future generation.

Are disasters caused by people or by nature?


Natural phenomena can sometimes strike very hard and cause disasters if preventive measures have not been taken or if some human activities have harmed the natural environment or upset the balance of the ecosystem.

Vision
C o o r d i n a t i o n C o m m u n i c a t i o n C o n s u l t a t i o n C o o p e r a t i o n

4Cs

Mission

issions Conference 2008 Missions Survey

Relative Size of the Sun in Our Solar System

Missions Conference 2008 Missions Survey

DISASTER MAMANAGEMENT CONTINUUM

INCIDENT

Better Mitigation and Preparedness Measures will Reduce Impact of Disasters

All Above Measures will Reduce Expenditure

Stakeholders with different wavelength

THE MINIMUM STANDARDS


Minimum Standards in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Minimum Standards in Food Security, Nutrition and Food Aid Minimum Standards in Shelter, Settlement and NonFood Items Minimum Standards in Health Services

Solid waste management in emergencies


The objective of managing solid waste People should be able to live in an environment that is uncontaminated by solid waste, including medical waste, and have the means to dispose of their domestic waste conveniently and effectively.

E-waste

Environment's next big threat!

E-waste: Environment's next big threat!


Ever wondered what happens after you replace your old mobile phone for a fancy music phone that s just hit the market ? Where does your old computer go once you decide to buy that long awaited notebook ? Where do you think your VCR is now, that you have moved onto a DVD player .?

Present Trend in INDIA India dumping ground for 'e waste'? India is becoming the developed nations favourite dumping ground as they dump over 50,000 tones of e-waste, including old PC's, mobiles and television sets. The desert state too gets its share

Those working in the field say that India provides high economic gains for such dismantlers as it costs US$ 20 to recycle a PC in the US, while in India, it can be done at a tenth of that price .! Also because the law enforcement in metros is strict, dismantlers are shifting base to smaller cities and making money. This explains the emergence of such organizations in non IT states like Rajasthan.

GIS AND REMOTESENSING


TOOL FOR DM

Gis and remote sensing is used as a tool to predict and manage Disasters

Warning & Prediction Relief & Damage assessment Rehabilitation & Recovery

Remote sensing

Sensing the earths surface from above, air or space using a sensor that measures the electromagnetic energy reflected or emitted by the earths objects.

Datasets produced by these means and managed under GIS could be used by local authorities to carry out many of the municipal planning activities related to risk management. Moreover, these data could be used for other administrative and decision-making purposes.

Satellite image

BASIC LIFE SUPPORT FIRST AID

First Aid is care given to an injured person to stabilize and keep him / her safe until he / she can receive professional medical attention. First aid is a first-response activity, nothing more

IMPORTANCE OF FIRST AID

SAVE LIFE

The first rule of first aid and the primary concern is SAFETY

Triage
Give immediate care (1st category) Urgent (2nd) 5-8min Early(3rd) 10-15min Delayable(4th) 15-30min Dead (5th)

ABC
A is for airway B is for breathing C is for circulation

CPR
(Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation)

BURNING
A. First Degree Burning B. Second Degree burning C. Third Degree Burning

Types
A .Burning -surface of the skin B .Burning - Full skin C .Burning -Organs inside the skin Total body-99% When 30% burned it may cause death.
First aid tp salt+ tp soda carum mix in 1 glass water

Types of burning

CHOCKING
It is the first aid procedure for cleaning obstructed airway.

SNAKE BITE

In India about 2 lakhs people s were attacked per year and almost 20 thousand were killed world wide. There are 2500 verities of snakes are world wide In India 350 verities are identified and 50 0f them are poisonous .

IDENTIFICATION METHOD OF POISONES AND NON-POISONES SNAKE BITE Poisons- Two distinct spots Deep Blood will gush out Non- poisons More than two spots Not deep

FRACTURE

COMPLITE FRACTURE INCOMPLITE FRACTURE Open fracture Closed fracture

TYPES
COMPLICATED FRACTURE PATHOLOGIC FRACTURE GREENSTICK FRACTURE OVER RIDING FRACTURE IMPACTED FRACTURE COMUNITED FRACTURE

FIRST AID BOX


Size-16 8 4 Sticking and non sticking dressing Medium dressing 4 Triangular bandage safety pin Disposable glows Roller bandage Scissors Cotton Chavana Towel Mask note pad Pencil Tag Torch Savlon, septadin, Aspirin

Disaster risk reduction begins in the family. The frequency and magnitude of disasters has increased over recent years clearly demonstrating the need to develop new risk reduction strategies to reduce death, injury and adverse affects on livelihoods.

Building safer communities.

I am only one, but still I am one. I cannot do everything, but still I can do something; and because I cannot do everything, I will not refuse to do something that I can do.

Helen Keller
Thank you

References
1 .VULNERABILITY OF RESEARCH REACTORS TO ATTACK, MOHAMMAD SALEEM ZAFAR 2008, The Henry L. Stimson Center. 2.Science Reporter,vol.47,No.6 June 2010,ISSN 0036-8512.National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources (NISCIR),page no:23-30. 3.Roy.P.K,Disaster Preparedness against accident or Terrorist attack (chemical , biological or radiological) , New age International Pvt limitted,2006. 4. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/crs/rs21131.pdf 5. Nuclear Power Plants: Vulnerability to Terrorist Attack, Carl Behrens and Mark Holt, Specialists in Energy Policy Resources, Science, and Industry Division. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/crs/rs21131.pdf 6. http://theviewspaper.net/e-waste-environment%E2%80%99s-next-bigthreat/ 7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_safety#Safety_culture_and_human_errors

REFERENCES
Revised Guidelines For Providing Central Assistance To State Governments For The Schemes / Proposals Of Flood Control And River Management Works Under Flood Management Programme (2007-12) New Delhi, august 2009 http://mowr.gov.in/writereaddata/linkimages/FMP7870878878.pdf Flood management using Remote sensing . www.unesco ihe.org/.../Flood%20Management%20using%20remote%20sensing.pdf Remote Sensing Tutorial http://rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/Sect8/Sect8_8.html Geo Informatics, volume 7, March 2004, Cmedia Productions BV, Page number 14-17. GIS Development,vol 9, issue 10, October 2005, ISSN 0971-9377, Page number 22-25. Key Areas in Remote Sensing and GIS, Pregame Planning and Evaluation Group, National Remote Sensing Centre, Department of Space, Government of India, 2003, Page number 21-23.

K.R.Saxena, V.M.Sharma, 2005, Dams Incidents and Accidents,Tylor and Francis publications,190-209. CHRONICLE,ISBN NO-0971-4073 VOL XX NO.9,may 2010,134-144 www.riverkeepers.org Benefits and concerns about Dams,International commission on Large Dams. http;//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_policy_of_India http;//Indianews.com/2006-06/10698-kalamattend-jatropa-plantsconservation.htm.Retrived 2006-07-08