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RSI Silicon

Solar Grade Silicon Breakthru !

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Plant Cost Jim Dunn
VP, Business Development RSI Silicon May 2007

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Plant Build Time

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Product Cost

Solar Grade Silicon Most Si Plants make Electronic grade 8 Nine¶s (99. Phosphorus. using the Siemens process Solar panels traditionally made from Semicon industry waste. to fill this shortage RSI Silicon . but rapid Solar PV growth is using up all Si supply + Prime! NREL Study found Solar Si purity only needs to be 6 Nine¶s. with emphasis on Boron.999999%) Purity needed for semiconductors. and metals RSI has created a NEW Proprietary LOW COST process that makes (only) Solar grade Silicon.

35/Kg RSI Solar Grade Si cost = $ 7 .$5B annual market ‡ PV Industry growth limited by use of costly & obsolete Siemens Electronic grade Si process NEW Proprietary RSI Solar grade process will Disrupt Si Industry.9/kg ! RSI Silicon . like Bayer process did to Al in 1888 ! (Al price dropped 99% in 15 years) Current Siemens Si mfg. = $15B in 2006 ± 35% growth ‡ Over 90% is Si based . cost = $30 .Photovoltaic/Si Markets ‡ Solar PV Mkt.

Oppt y.Si Supply .Demand Forecast RSI Mkt. RSI Silicon .

RSI Silicon 5000 MT $ 50M 15 Mo¶s $7.9/kg RSI Silicon .Si Competition High CapEx & long Build Time hinder Si Supply Company Hemlock Wacker REC MEMC Capacity 4500 MT 4500 MT 5000 MT 4000 MT Plant cost $450 M $400 M $450 M $400M Fab Time 32 Mo¶s 40 Mo¶s 36 Mo¶s 30 mo¶s Si Cost $27/kg $25/kg $26/kg $25-28/kg.

Wacker Si plant in Germany Siemens Process RSI Silicon 40-44 mo¶s .

Only make SoG Si 6-Nine¶s purity (vs. Industry Equipment ‡ Fast Plant Fab.Easily Scaled UP RSI Silicon .Unique RSI Technology Edge How does RSI achieve Low Cost SoG Si ? ‡ Novel Methods . 8 Nine¶s) using Simple.NOT Metallurgical Grade Si ‡ Extremely Low CapEX ± Std. proven equip/plants ‡ 3 Proven industry processes ± each proven at Scale ‡ SAFE ± NO Dangerous gases & emissions ‡ Low cost Raw materials . Time .

RSI¶s Simple Process Equipment Low cost Industrial Process Equipment RSI Silicon .

The Si Manufacturing Challenge 5000T Si Plant Cumulative Cash Flow 2-3 years 0 Unpredictable Long Term Supply / Demand t Established manufacturing cost of $25-30 / kg (Siemens process) $(500m) RSI Silicon .

generate revenue & break even ‡ 1/3 of competing Si production costs /kg.The RSI Solution 5000T Plant Cumulative Cash Flow Low cost producer @ $9 .10/kg 12-18 months 0 $(50m) Novel Process offering: ‡ 1/10 the initial Capital Investment t ‡ ½ the time to complete plant. RSI Silicon .

BP Solar ($120M/yr) .Technology/Business Validation ‡ RSI¶s Proprietary process Demonstrated on small scale ‡ Process confirmed by leading Princeton scientist (MIT PhD) ‡ Process and Cost Estimates validated by Black and Veach ‡ Patent filed on key elements of process ‡ Future customers placing Orders .New Order ($200M) RSI Silicon .

Financial Forecast ± Single Plant 5000 MTons $500 $450 $400 $350 $300 $301 $250 $200 $205 $1 3 $96 $51 $111 $43 * Note ± All RSI Si presold. thru 2011 Revenue $305 Gross Profit $150 $100 $50 $$(50) COGS OpEx $$(2) 2007 $19 $9 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 RSI Silicon .

Tokuyama. Solar Exp. VP Ops & Biz Dev ‡ ‡ David Pelley ± Matrix Partners. GT Solar. Hemlock. PE. Mgr.Core Team ‡ Experienced Team ± Dr. Tokuyama.TIAX Tim Lomma ± Eng. ± Lyle Rawlings*. Tech. MIT Physics. Commercialization veteran NASA. IBM. MEMC. etc. Steve Amendola. Olaf Bleck ± MIT EE/Aero. . ± James Dunn*. Hemlock etc.REC. VP Marketing ‡ ± VP Manufacturing ‡ From REC. ± Consultants & Advisors ± Furnace Experts ± Silicon Experts Hal Stuhler ± Mfg. Mgr. 4 startups ‡ Key Hires (underway) ± CEO ‡ From Solar Industry or Si side . Solar Exp. CTO ‡ Founder of Millennium Cell (NASD: MCEL) ± Chemist/Metal President of largest solar installer in Mid-Atlantic.. laptop. Harvard MBA.BSME Founding team has invested $300k to-date * Note: RSI Silicon .

0 0.0 RSI Silicon .1 50.2 0.5 1.4 2008 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Status Done Done $350M Q1 Q2 Q3 7.0 50.Key Activities: 2007-08 2007 $ (m) Eng Study validation File Utility Patent Demo Process Finalize Orders Close Series A Build Pilot Line Begin Mfg Locate 5000T Plant Close Series B Build 5000T Plant 0.1 0.5 3.

Summary ‡ RSI Breakthru in $5B SoG-Si industry ± 1/10th the CapEx cost ± 1/2 the Plant Fab Time ± 1/3 the final Si Cost ! ‡ Talented. cohesive founding Team ‡ Extremely Favorable Growth Market « ± $350M/yr. ± HUGE ROI RSI Silicon . conditional Orders In hand ± Fortune 50 Co. ‡ 3 Proven Industry Scale processes ‡ Lowest cost Si Mfgr.