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Lecture 9 (Part 1)

From Last Week


Atman as the essential I The Divine and (their) intervention Dharma and caste + commercialization of religion

Eg Xmas, V. Day (linked to a saint)

This week

The Buddha and His Enlightenment Buddhist Beliefs compared to Hinduism Different Kinds of Buddhism Time period; around 400BCE to 200BCE The spread of Buddhism

Significant conversions?

The Prince and his Enlightenment


Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) The Four Sights


Old Age Sickness Death Asceticism

Extremes of Life

The Prince and his Enlightenment

The Enlightenment

The Four Noble Truths Temptation

The Temptation of Buddha by Mara Batik Painting On Cotton

Ary Sheffer Temptation of Christ, 1858

The Prince and his Enlightenment

The Sermon at Benares


The Middle Path (Sermon on the mount?) Five ascetics became Fifty-five Ananda and Mahajapati (bhikkuni)

The Buddhas Ministry


The Four Noble Truths


Truth #1: All Life is Suffering, Truth #2: Suffering Comes from Desire Truth #3: If a person stops desiring, then they stop suffering Truth #4: Desire can be stopped by following the Eightfold Path

The Noble Eightfold Path



Right View, Right Intention Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration


Mental Stability

The Ten Precepts

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Not taking Life Not stealing Being chaste Not lying Not drinking intoxicants Eating moderately and not after noontime Avoiding spectacles such as singing and dramas Not using flowers, perfume or jewelry Using simple beds Accepting no gold or silver

Continuities from Hinduism


Dharma Karma Samsara Moksha


Discontinuities from Hinduism


Buddhism as an anti-establishment religion

Founding father Anatman: The theory of no self, no soul Up to five Skandhas: body, feelings, thoughts, intentions, consciousness Anitya: The theory of impermanence

No Atman?

Discontinuities from Hinduism

No Caste?

Dependent Arising: (Patterns..p.193)

Buddhism: Diversity of Buddhism

Lecture 9 (Part 2)

Significant Conversions and Buddhisms Spread

King Asoka (273-232 B.C.) Buddhisms Constantine?

Different kinds of Buddhism

Therevada (Tradition of the Elders, Hinayana)


Buddha is not God Nirvana attained by monkhood (arhat) Avoids metaphysics : The arrow Salvation is in your hands alone

Different kinds of Buddhism


Mahayana (The Great Vehicle) Buddhas are revered. Enjoys Metaphysics Salvation is not just in your hands alone or the preserve only of monks. Bodhisattvas: qualified to enter nirvana

Siddhartha Gaunyin

Different kinds of Buddhism

Pure Land

Amitabha as Bodhisattva Pureland Buddha-fields in the West


Buddhist Scripture

Tipitaka/Tripitaka: Three baskets Composed orally, written from 3 BCE Discipline Basket

227 regulations for monks Records and Teachings of Buddha and his life Short writings, poetry, accounts of previous lives 2184 sacred writings (2 BCE to 2 CE)

Discourse Basket

Special Teachings Basket

Mahayana Sutras

Buddhist Scripture

Mahayana Sutras

2184 sacred writings (2 BCE to 2 CE) Lotus Sutra: Bodhisattva-hood

Vajrayana Tantric Texts


Who What When Where How