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Buddhism

Lecture 9 (Part 1)

From Last Week


   

Atman as the essential I The Divine and (their) intervention Dharma and caste + commercialization of religion


Eg Xmas, V. Day (linked to a saint)

This week
    

The Buddha and His Enlightenment Buddhist Beliefs compared to Hinduism Different Kinds of Buddhism Time period; around 400BCE to 200BCE The spread of Buddhism


Significant conversions?

The Prince and his Enlightenment


 

Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) The Four Sights


   

Old Age Sickness Death Asceticism

Extremes of Life

The Prince and his Enlightenment




The Enlightenment
 

The Four Noble Truths Temptation

The Temptation of Buddha by Mara Batik Painting On Cotton

Ary Sheffer Temptation of Christ, 1858

The Prince and his Enlightenment




The Sermon at Benares


 

The Middle Path (Sermon on the mount?) Five ascetics became Fifty-five Ananda and Mahajapati (bhikkuni)

The Buddhas Ministry


 

The Four Noble Truths


   

Truth #1: All Life is Suffering, Truth #2: Suffering Comes from Desire Truth #3: If a person stops desiring, then they stop suffering Truth #4: Desire can be stopped by following the Eightfold Path

The Noble Eightfold Path


  

Wisdom


Right View, Right Intention Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration

Morality/Discipline


Mental Stability


The Ten Precepts


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Not taking Life Not stealing Being chaste Not lying Not drinking intoxicants Eating moderately and not after noontime Avoiding spectacles such as singing and dramas Not using flowers, perfume or jewelry Using simple beds Accepting no gold or silver

Continuities from Hinduism


   

Dharma Karma Samsara Moksha




Nirvana

Discontinuities from Hinduism


 

Buddhism as an anti-establishment religion




Founding father Anatman: The theory of no self, no soul Up to five Skandhas: body, feelings, thoughts, intentions, consciousness Anitya: The theory of impermanence

No Atman?
 

Discontinuities from Hinduism




No Caste?


Dependent Arising: (Patterns..p.193)

Buddhism: Diversity of Buddhism


Lecture 9 (Part 2)

Significant Conversions and Buddhisms Spread




King Asoka (273-232 B.C.) Buddhisms Constantine?

Different kinds of Buddhism




Therevada (Tradition of the Elders, Hinayana)


   

Buddha is not God Nirvana attained by monkhood (arhat) Avoids metaphysics : The arrow Salvation is in your hands alone

Different kinds of Buddhism


    

Mahayana (The Great Vehicle) Buddhas are revered. Enjoys Metaphysics Salvation is not just in your hands alone or the preserve only of monks. Bodhisattvas: qualified to enter nirvana
 

Siddhartha Gaunyin

Different kinds of Buddhism




Pure Land
 

Amitabha as Bodhisattva Pureland Buddha-fields in the West

Zen

Buddhist Scripture
     

Tipitaka/Tripitaka: Three baskets Composed orally, written from 3 BCE Discipline Basket


227 regulations for monks Records and Teachings of Buddha and his life Short writings, poetry, accounts of previous lives 2184 sacred writings (2 BCE to 2 CE)

Discourse Basket


Special Teachings Basket




Mahayana Sutras


Buddhist Scripture


Mahayana Sutras
 

2184 sacred writings (2 BCE to 2 CE) Lotus Sutra: Bodhisattva-hood

Vajrayana Tantric Texts

Soteriology
    

Who What When Where How