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Islam

Lecture 5 (Part 1)

Themes from Previous Lectures




  

The lineage of the Children of Abraham (not the Children of Israel) Religious persons as political figures Monotheism Do you have any Jihadi friends? Jihad as struggle

Preview for Today




 

Visual, narrative flow of the Early History of Islam (Part 1) Account of Practice and Belief (Part 2) The significance of pain in Islam

Questions for the Film




What is it about the rise of Islam that is remarkable in the context of the world in which it emerged? What are the unique features of Mohammad as a founder of a World Religion?

The Prophet of Islam




Mohammads early life (b. CE 570)




Marriage to Khadijah

  

A spiritual turning point (CE 610) Other Prophets: Jesus and John the Baptist A different kind of leadership


Administrative, Spiritual and Military prowess

History of Islam (I)




Arabia before Muhammad




Polytheism and Monotheism

The commercial power of Mecca


Kabah stone  The link between commerce and religiosity?


Mohammads Hijrah to Yathrib/Medina (CE 622) Muhammad takes Mecca (CE 630)

  

What is it about the early history of Islam that is remarkable in the context of the world in which it emerged? Destroyed polytheism, Established Tawhid United the Tribes of Arabia Established an alternative religious centre in Mecca

Islam
Lecture 5 (Part 2)

History of Islam:


The Four Rightly Guided Caliphs (632-661 (632C.E.)


Abu Bakr  Umar  Uthman  Ali


Divisions Within the Faith




Sunni and Shia Islam (Patterns.. P. 413)

History of Islam (II)


  

The Umayyad Dynasty (661-750 C.E.) (661The Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258 C.E.) (750The Mogul and the Ottoman Empires (1290(12901924 C.E.)
 

The Mogul Empire (1526-1858 C.E.) (1526The Ottoman Empire (1290-1924 C.E.) (1290-

Islam after the Ottoman Empire

Islamic Beliefs
  

Cosmology Daily Life The End of the World

Islamic Scripture
The Quran  Hadiths (Patterns 10.2)


Islamic Practice (I)




The Five Pillars of Islam


Shahada: Shahada: Profession of Faith II. Salat : Ritual Prayer III.Sawm: Ramadan IV.Zakat : Almsgiving V. Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca Hajj:
I.

Islamic Practice (I)


  

Revealing Ramadan: Should children be allowed to fast? NPR: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php ?storyId=112200635

Islamic Practice (I)




Sahar Ullah: Ullah: http://speakingoffaith.publicradio.org/www_pu blicradio/applications/formbuilder/projects/yo ur_story/story.php?name=ramadan&response= 662693

Islamic Practice (I)




Tayyaba Syed: Syed: http://speakingoffaith.publicradio.org/www_pu blicradio/applications/formbuilder/projects/yo ur_story/story.php?name=ramadan&response= 647805