You are on page 1of 22

FORMULA-1 CAR & AERODYNAMICS

8th Semester Seminar Presentation

BY

Md Azeezulla 1RN07IT024

CONTENTS 

Introduction to Formula -1 cars  Mechanical Features  Aerodynamics  Careers in Formula-1  Conclusion  References

Formula One FERRARI F-2004 Formula ±1 Car Top View SIDE View .

‡To win Formula -1 Driver's Championship is the ultimate goal in motor racing.INTRODUCTION ‡Formula One represents the pinnacle of Motor sport Racing. Manufacturers such as Ferrari. ‡A Formula One car is usually a single seater.000 components. open wheel machine with a tremendous power to weight ratio. If it were to be assembled 99.9% correctly. ‡Modern day Grand Prix cars can corner at incredible speeds thanks to their large tyres and wings. it would still start the race with 80 things wrong! ‡Formula 1 cars have over a kilometer of cable. Honda. ‡An F1 car is made up of 80. linked to about 100 sensors & actuators which monitor & control many parts of the car. Mercedes-Benz. . have spent huge sums of money in order to win the Constructors Championship.

the piston will travel up and down 300 times a second.000 Rpm. ‡At 550kg a F1 car is less than half the weight of a Mini(small car manufactured in London). ‡If a water hose were to blow off. the complete cooling system would empty in just over a second. . ‡In an F1 Engine revving at 20.‡An F1 car can Accelerate 0-300 kph in under 3 secs ‡Braking from 300-0 in less than 4 secs. ‡Maximum piston acceleration is approximately 7000G ‡Drivers need not resort to pressure suits like fighter pilots because they only experience high G's for very short period of time.

000 Rpm GEARBOX ‡ 6 to 7 gears ‡ Gear shifted using paddles on steering wheel ‡ Clutch located on the steering wheel ‡ Computer aided shifting .Formula One Mechanical Components ENGINE Powerplant 3000cc ‡Ten cylinder V-10 Engine ‡Produces up to 900 BHP ‡ Weight : 220 pounds ‡Can Rev upto 20.

‡ F1 cars have integrated pneumatic jacks in the chassis. The clutch levers are located on the steering wheel.‡ Gear ratios are used only for one race and are replaced regularly to prevent failure. ‡ The pit crew can jack the whole car up in less than a second when the car stops in the pit. ‡ Paddles for changing gear are located on the back of the wheel. ‡ The Fit in the cockpit is so tight that the steering wheel must be removed for the driver to get in or out of the car. . two in the front and one in the rear.

BRAKES ‡ Made of carbon fiber Beryllium ‡ Operating Temperature : over 1200 degree Celsius Tyres ‡ Different tyre for different circuit and weather conditions. ‡ 4 permanent grooves in each tyre .

.‡ The Refuelers used in F1 can supply 20 Litres of fuel per second.5 kg in weight due to wear. ‡ At ~ 350 mm wide. ‡ Race car Tyres don't have air in them like normal car Tyres. ‡ During the race the tyres lose weight! Each Tyre loses about 0. F1 Tyres are much wider than normal Tyres (~185 mm wide). ‡ Top F1 pit crews can refuel and change tyres in around 4 seconds. Most racing Tyres have Nitrogen in the tyres as it is more consistent than air.

‡ Driver wears a fire suit which can withstand fire for up to 15 seconds and has provision for Oxygen. ‡ Tensioned seat belts keep the driver in place at all times.Driver Protection ‡ Roll Hoop prevents the driver from being crushed in case the car over turns. .

‡ Can modify the fuel mixture. monitor oil pressure and brake temperatures. IN CAR TELEMETRY ‡ Driver gets all information about car on the steering wheel. .Electronic Systems TRACTION CONTROL ‡ Prevents unwanted wheel spin ‡ Better acceleration and control ‡ Completely computer aided LAUNCH CONTROL ‡ Better start from stand still ‡ Computer Aided system ‡ Stops engine stalling.

.Aerodynamics of an F1 Car ‡A Modern F-1 car has almost as much in common with a Jet Fighter as it does with an ordinary road car.

‡ The Aerodynamic designer has 2 Concerns 1.e. it could actually hold itself to the ceiling of a tunnel & be driven upside down.Improve cornering forces ‡ An F1 car can generate enough Downforce to equal it's own weight. ‡ Air flows at different speeds over the two sides of the wing and this creates a difference in pressure. .creation of Down force 2. a physical rule known as Bernoulli's Principle. i.‡ Aerodynamics have become key to success in the sport and teams spend Millions of dollars on R&D.

small planes can take off at slower speeds than Race cars travelling on the track. ‡ To give you an idea of just how important Aerodynamic design and added Downforce can be. from the shape of the suspension links to that of the driver's Helmet. ‡Without Aerodynamic Downforce.‡ Every single surface of a F-1 car. They usually race at over 300Kph . ‡Race car wings operate on exactly the same principle as Aircraft wings. High-performance racing cars have sufficient power to produce wheel spin and loss of control at 160 kph. has its Aerodynamic effects considered. only in reverse direction.

‡ Ferrari has used two small flaps rather than a single large one. . ‡ The wing flap on either side of the nose cone is asymmetrical as it allows better airflow to the underfloor and the diffuser & increases Downforce. one on each side. ‡ Even tiny changes to the front wing can have huge effects on the overall performance. Onto this are fitted two aerofoil flaps. which are the adjustable parts of the wing.Front wing and nose cone Assembly ‡ The front wings on the car produces 25-40% of the car¶s Downforce.

‡ If the wings are too close together. . DIFFUSER ‡The diffuser.Rear Wing ‡The rear wing helps glue the rear wheels to the track. ‡Multiple wings are used to gain more Downforcce in the Rear Wing. it also hugely increases drag.. ‡ However. the resultant forces will be in opposite directions & thus cancel each other. is designed to ensure the smooth exit for the air that is flowing under the car.

‡In these situations. ‡over the course of a race can lead to cockpit temperatures reaching an Avg 50 degrees Celsius. as well as burning off 600 calories. .BARGE BOARDS ‡ They smooth out and separate air that has been disrupted by the front wheels. ‡ The Red colour highlights the extreme heat generated by an F1 car at speeds over 200 Mph. the driver can lose approximately 1.5 Litres of body fluid per race. ‡ They are directed into the sidepods from outside to cool the engine & reduce Drag.

‡ The car has a tendency to plough straight on at a corner. ‡ It can be adjusted by increasing the amount of Downforce at the front. .UNDERSTEER ‡ This happens when the front of the car does not have as much grip as the driver wants. ‡ It can be adjusted by decreasing the amount of Downforce at the front. OVERSTEER ‡ This happens when the front of the car has more grip than the rear.

5 in 3035 mm/119.FORMULA -1 vs. 2.9 in V10 Non-Turbo.4 in 1800 mm/70. Indy Car at a Glance Indy Car Weight Height F/R track Wheelbase Engine Power 770 kg/1700 lb 914 mm/36 in 1994 mm/78.65 litres 750 Bhp at 14.000 Rpm Formula -1 car 600 kg/1323 lb 950 mm/37.9 in 3020 mm/ 118.5 in V8 Turbo. litres 800 Bhp-plus at 18.500 Rpm . 3.

Careers in Formula One ‡Aerodynamics Design Engineer ‡Chief Designer ‡FEA Engineer ‡Race Engineer ‡Vehicle Dynamists ‡Wind Tunnel Engineer ‡Wind Tunnel Analysts ‡Race /Team Mechanic ‡Control Systems Engineer .

CONCLUSION ‡ F1 development is a thorough test bed for the next generation of Automotive Engineering. ‡ yields great performance & long lasting using less fuel & less maintenance. . ‡ F-1 Technology helps in building smaller & lighter production car Engines. ‡ Stylish and for desirable cars in the future to come.

References ‡Ferrari the Official book by Gianni Cancellieri ‡Racing Engines by Karl Ludvigsen ‡Driving Force by Jeff Daniels ‡www.co.stm ‡www.com ‡http://news.bbc.com ‡www.uk/sport1/shared/spl/hi/motorsport/03/formul a_one/car/html/aerodynamics.ferrari.f1.f1technical.f1nutter.uk ‡www.co.com ‡www.com .bbc.