# Part ICakes come in a variety of forms and flavours and are among favourite desserts servedduring special occasions

such as birthday parties, Hari Raya, weddings and etc. Cakes aretreasured not only because of their wonderful taste but also in the art of cake baking andcake decorating. Find out how mathematics is used in cake baking and cake decoratingand write about your findings.Answer:Geometry ± To determine suitable dimensions for the cake, to assist in designing anddecorating cakes that comes in many attractive shapes and designs, to estimate volume of cake to be producedCalculus (differentiation) ± To determine minimum or maximum amount of ingredients for cake-baking, to estimate min. or max. amount of cream needed for decorating, to estimatemin. or max. size of cake produced.Progressions ± To determine total weight/volume of multi-storey cakes with proportionaldimensions, to estimate total ingredients needed for cake-baking, to estimate total amountof cream for decoration

872 = ( d2 )² d2 = 29. 60.142]Answer:Volume of 5kg cake = Base area of cake x Height of cake3800 x 5 = (3.0 cm in height.hcm.0cm.142) = ( d2 )²863.d cm. (Diagram 11) 1) If a kilogram of cake has a volume of 3800 cm3 .Best Bakery shop received an order from your school to bake a 5 kg of round cake asshown in Diagram 1 for the Teachers¶ Day celebration.a) If the volume of cake remains the same.0 cminwidth and 45.784 cm 2) The cake will be baked in an oven with inner dimensions of 80. and the corresponding values of diameters of the baking tray to be used.392 d = 58.0 cm in length.142)( Part II d2 )² x 7 190007 (3. that is cake.[Use = 3. V= . explore by using different values of heights. and the height of the cake is to be7.Tabulate your answersAnswer:First. calculate the diameter of the baking tray to be used to fit the 5 kg cakeordered by your school. form the formula for by using the above formula for volume of 19000.

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we had this task done . He tried and tried to teach us until we understand what we supposed to do with the project work. They also supported me and encouraged me to complete this task so that I will not procrastinate in doing it. Not forgotten my parents for providing everything.They were helpful that when we combined and discussed together.Internet. computers and all that. such as money. for giving me the strength and health to do this project work. books. to buy anything that are related to this project work and their advise. but he taught us patiently until we knew what to do.Last but not least. my friends who were doing this project with me and sharing our ideas. We had some difficulties in doing this task.Then I would like to thank my teacher. I would like to say Alhamdulillah. ACKNOWLEDGE  First of all. Encik Sarizal for guiding meand my friends throughout this project. which is the most needed for this project.

 OBJECTIVE  The aims of carrying out this project work are:    to apply and adapt a variety of problem-solving strategies to solve problems to improve thinking skills to promote effective mathematical communicationto develop mathematical knowledge through problem solving in a waythat increases students¶ interest and confidence to use the language of mathematics to express mathematical idea precisely to provide learning environment that stimulates and enhanceseffective learning to develop positive attitude towards mathematics    .

Hari Raya. Cakes are treasured not only because of their wonderful taste but also in the art of cake baking and cake decorating Baking a cake offers a tasty way to practice math skills. such asfractions and ratios. in a real-world context. such as how tomake a caker ecipe larger or smaller or how to determine what size slices you shouldcut. Practicing math while baking not only improves your math skills. provide basic mathpractice for young children. it helpsyou become a more flexible and resourceful baker  . Many steps of baking a cake. Older children and teenagers can use mor esophisticated math to solve baking dilemmas.weddings and others.Part One project two    INTRODUCTION Cakes come in a variety of forms and flavours and are among favourite desserts served during special occasions such as birthday parties.such as counting ingredients and setting the oven timer.

The more surface area there is.If the pan is too small. thick item. The baker must then choose the appropriate size and shape of pan toachieve the desired result. The ratio of the surface area to the volume determines how much crust abaked good will have. the cake becomes too tall.determined by the recipe. Fora very large. and the less "inside" there will be. the faster the item will bake. it will take a long time for the heat to penetrate tothe center. you end up with a certain volume. MATHEMATICS IN CAKE BAKING AND CAKE DECORATING  GEOMETRY  To determine suitable dimensions for the cake. . the cake becomes too short. compared to thevolume. This leads into the nextsituation. the baker willhave to lower the temperature a little bit and bake for a longer time. If the pan is too big. To avoid having a rock-hard outside in this case. to assist in designing   anddecorating cakes that comes in many attractive shapes and designs. toestimate volume of cake to be produced When making a batch of cake batter.

So we can say that it usedarithmetic progression. or max. That is the way how the cake is balance to prevent it fromsmooch. When the diameter decreases. the weight alsodecreases. because when we prepare the ingredient foreach layer of the cake. we need to decrease its ratio from lower layer to upper layer. we can use fraction to devide the cakeaccording to the total people that will eat the cake.to estimate min. we must fix thedifference of diameter of the two layers. When we cut the cake. or max. PROGRESSION To determine total weight/volume of multi-storey cakes with proportionaldimensions. CALCULUS (DIFFERENTIATION) To determine minimum or maximum amount of ingredients for cake-baking. Size of cake produced.In this case. and we would have a hard timescraping them into the batter. When the diameter of the first layer of the cake is 8´and the diameter of second layer of the cake is 6´. then the diameter of thethird layer should be 4´. to estimate total ingredients needed for cake-baking. toestimate min.   We mix ingredients in round bowls because cubes would have corners whereunmixed ingredients would accumulate. we use arithmetic progression where the difference of thediameter is constant that is 2. toestimate total amount of cream for decoration.   . We can also use ratio. amount of cream needed for decorating.For example when we make a cake with many layers.

Part Two  Best Bakery shop received an order from your school to bake a 5 kg of round cake as shown inDiagram 1 for the Teachers¶ Day celebration. and the height of the cake is to be 7.   Diagram 1  If a kilogram of cake has a volume of 38000cm3.the diameter of the baking tray to be used to fit the 5 kg cake ordered by your school 3800 is .0 cm.

784 cm 2)The inner dimensions of oven: 80cm length.d b) i) h < 7cm is NOT suitable. because theresulting diameter produced is too large to fit into the oven. 45cm height a)The formula that formed for d in terms of h by using the formula for volume of cake. . 60cm width.872 = (d2)² d2= 29.the cake would be too short and too wide.142)(d2)² x 7 190007(3.h Diameter.142)h=d² 424188.392 d = 58. Furthermore.      Volume of 5kg cake = Base area of cake x Height of cake 3800 x 5 = (3.142)(d2)²h 19000(3. making it less attractive.53h Height.142) = (d2)² 863.V = 19000 is: 19000 = (3.415h= d² d =155.

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