You are on page 1of 36

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded.

To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

SISTEMA SENSORIAIS ESPECIAIS




Sistema Visual
  

Principais componentes: Olho cmara fotogrfica Retina Converte a imagem em padro de impulsos nervos transmitido ao nervo ptico. Mecanismo enceflico para interpretao sinais . Mecanismo enceflico controle funes motoras.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

Retina


Contm Melanina: Absoro de raios luminosos Elementos fotossensveis da retina: Bastonetes e Cones.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

Bastonetes
 

Imagem em preto e branco Localizao em pregas do segmento externo Rico em rodopsina (subst. Qumica fotossensvel)

Luz p rodopsinapModif. rodopsinap Permeabilidade membrana p Potencial transmitido p Corpsculo sinpticop sinpticop Neurnio bipolaresp bipolaresp Clulas horizontaisp Clulas horizontaisp ganglionares

Cones
       

Imagem em cores Clulas mais curtas Respondem seletivamente a cores Menos sensvel a luz Localizados na parte central FVEA = Cones delgados 1 cone para cada fibra nervosa 3 tipos de cones: cada um com seu espectro de luz Azul, Azul, Verde ou Vermelho

Transmisso do Impulso


Retina pNervo pticopcorpo lateral pticop do tlamopCrtex cerebral tlamop Bastonetes e cones so receptores sensoriais excitados pela luz Transformam Energia luminosa em sinais neurais.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

Funo do Crtex Cerebral




 

Processamento visual das bordas (forma das imagens) Determina a direo de orientao das linhas e bordas da imagem Interpretao dos sinais Associao dos tipos de sinais

Sistema Auditivo
      

Principais componentes: Canal auditivo Membrana timpnica Bigorna, Martelo e estribo Janela oval Janela redonda Cclea

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

Funes da membrana Timpnica


 

Amplificao do estimulo sonoro Ondas sonoras no tmpano p compresso e relaxamento da membrana p movimenta o martelo p movimento estribo p som para o lquido coclear.

Transformaes das ondas sonoras pela membrana e sistema Ossculos:




Sistema ossicular amplifica a presso (estribo) Onda membrana timpnica p ossculos p janela oval p deslocamento lquido coclear.

Funo Cclea


   

Estrutura membranosa (formada por tbulos espiralados) 3 tbulos: Rampa vestibular Rampa timpnica Rampa mdia

rgo do Corti
 

Receptor do som Clulas receptoras (ciliadas) convertem som em impulso nervoso

Crtex Auditivo


 

Recepo e interpretao de sinais sonoros diferentes Decodificao Combinao com outras sensaes visuais, tteis, auditivas, etc....

Som


Ondas sonoras no tmpano p empurra estribo contra janela oval p movimenta o martelo p movimento estribo p som para o liquido p coclear p deslocamento liquido p presso rampa vestibular p empurra membrana basal para rampa timpnica p presso janela redonda p rgo de Corti.

Sistema Paladar
   

Sentido qumico (receptores excitados por estmulos qumicos) Papila gustativa: Formada clulas receptoras gustativas na boca. Projees (microvilosidades) na superfcie da clula gustativa (detectam diferentes sensaes gustativas) 4 sensaes gustativa primrias : salgado, doce, amargo e o cido.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

Sistema olfato


 

Sentido Qumico (receptores excitados por estmulos qumico) Receptores: Epitlio com receptores neurais ( microvilosidade clios ou plos) Detectam diferentes odores

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

To help protect your privacy, PowerPoint prevented this external picture from being automatically downloaded. To download and display this picture, click Options in the Message Bar, and then click Enable external content.

      

Odores mais sentidos: Substancias volteis Substancias solveis em gordura Adaptao do olfato Pode ter imensa adaptao S consegue identificar 1 odor por vez Capacidade de domnio (mascaramento)