Space and Time

General Concepts

Overview     Introduction An Approach Grounded in Philosophy Pre-Newtonian Conceptualizations of Space Newtonian and Classical Conceptualizations of Space Contemporary Conceptualizations of Space and Time in Science  .

Introduction    Conceptualisation of space and time Context of building information systems The representation we choose also settles and restricts the kind of operation that can be performed Difficult to think about consciously Socially constructed The information system itself knows nothing about the data it holds and helps to manipulate    .

Grounded in Philosophy  Absolute conceptualizations Relative conceptualizations A physical nature A mental nature    .

Pre-Newtonian     Heraclitus and the problem of change Parmenides and the non-existence of void Democritus: atoms in void Plato: the crisis of the Pythagorean tradition and the need for geometry Euclid: geometry as a description of the world  .

Classical Conceptualizations  Newton: space as the immaterial medium for movement Leibnitz: space as a system of relations Kant: the a-priori true intuition of space   .

Contemporary Ideas  Field theories: the substantiation of space Relativity: the space-time manifold Quantum mechanics: the discrete character of matter   .

.Conclusion It is important to know one s own position in order to keep consistent and to be able of considering opposite ones.

Space.Suggested Readings       Blaut. 1972. 1967. Formentini (Eds). The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. In Mark. D. H 1992. Space and process. Geographic Information Systems: Principles and Applications. D. Smart. J. New York: Macmillan . Rhind. 13(4):1-7. Dordrecht: Kluwer. Frank. Campari. and D. Goodchild (Eds). Popper. A. J. A. London: Longman. Geographic space as a set of concrete geographical entities. The Professional Geographer. D. Mark 1991. And U. Frank (Eds). In Maguire. Theories and Methods of Spatio-Temporal Reasoning in Geographic Space. and A. 1991. J. Language issues for geographical information systems.. 4º London: Routledge. I. People manipulate objects (but cultivate fields). Couclelis. 1961. Conjectures and Refutations. Beyond the raster-vector debate in GIS. Berlin: Springer. K. In Frank. Nunes.. and M. The Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space.

Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1985. M 1954. J. The history of theories of space in physics. The philosophy of space and time. 1957.Further Readings a. and C. Cambridge: MIT Press. R. Cambridge: Harvard University Press Penrose.  Concepts of space in physics and philosophy Earman. Sklar. W. Foundations of space-time theories. Word and Object. Jammer. relativistic physics and philosophy of science. Isham (Eds) 1986. Reichenbach. Oxford: Clarendon Press.       . 1983. World Enough and Space-Time. Philosophy and space-time physics. M. Quine. 1959. 1989. Quantum concepts in space and time. Berkeley: University of California Press. Friedman. New York: Dover. L. Concepts of space. Cambridge: MIT Press. H.

Geografiska Annaler. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. Human and Environmental systems. 48:97-108. R. London: Academic Press. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Space and spaces. . Gatrell.Further Readings b. Couclelis. 1958. from Kant and Humboldt to Hettner. and N. 1977. Conceptions of Space in Social Thought. Concepts of space in geography      Chapman. A. Distance and Space: a geographical perspective. The concept of geography as a science of space. Hartshorne. Sack. R. Gale 1986. A Geographer s Appraisal. 1983. G. A Geographic Perspective. 68B:1-12. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1980. H.

Concepts of space as a guide to cartographic data structures. G (Ed). Chrisman. pp. 1997. In Dutton. N.Further Readings c. J. Concepts of space in GIS   Albrecht. 1979. R. Cambridge: Harvard University. Proceedings of the First Advanced Study Symposium on Topological Data Structures for Geographic Information Systems. (Ed) Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference GeoComputation 97. 26-29 August 1997. . Overcoming the Restrictions of Current Euclidean-Based Geospatial Data Models With a Set-Oriented Geometry. 385392. New Zealand. In Pascoe. Dunedin.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful