SOLUTION PVT LTD

SPIRO

AN ISO 9001:2008CERTIFIED R&D COMPANY

About SPIRO

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Solutions & a

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India’s are

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individuals in all technologies and domains by fulfilling their desires in Research & Development focused on sector students through to meet efficient industry training methodologies. All our efforts are requirements.

Why we are here?
Industrial exposure To give world wide access To provide industry based skills for students To lessen the gap institution and industry between

drawn from a range are of disciplines class Our and and experience. which world distinctively state-of-the-art.Our Team Team consists of enthusiastic experts. and aggressiveness to assist students hence they are working as clear interface to students by delivering an uninterrupted real time help. supported by infrastructure and facilities. Experts have diverse industry experience with the right mix of patience. .

Our 12 Precepts Based Training .

D OM AIN S FOR ECE •EMBEDDED SYSTEMS • •MATLAB • •VLSI .

EMBEDDED SYSTEM .

. that is specifically designed for a particular function. Ø ØAn embedded system is some combination of computer hardware and software. often with real-time computing constraints.Definition ØAn embedded system is a special-purpose computer system designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions. either fixed in capability or programmable.

Examples of embedded systems •Industrial machines •Automobiles •Medical equipment •Cameras •Household appliances •Airplanes •Vending machines .

Why Embedded Systems? Embedded systems are playing important roles in our lives every day. a cell phone. the timer in a microwave oven. recent poll data shows that embedded computer systems currently outnumber humans in the USA. . even though they might not necessarily be visible. Ø Embedded systems is a rapidly growing industry where growth opportunities are numerous. Ø In fact. Ø Some of the embedded systems we use every day control the menu system on television. an MP3 player or any other device with some amount of intelligence built-in.

Ø ØReactive and real-time Ø ØContinually reacts to changes in the system’s environment Ø ØMust compute certain results in real-time without delay Ø . fast. etc. small. repeatedly Ø ØTightly-constrained Ø ØLow cost. low power.Some common characteristics of embedded systems ØSingle-functioned Ø ØExecutes a single program.

especially using technical processes.Three key embedded system technologies ØTechnology ØA manner of accomplishing a task. or knowledge Ø ØThree key technologies for embedded systems ØProcessor technology ØIC technology ØDesign technology Ø . methods.

I/O on CPU chip itself Example : Intel’s x86. ROM.Microprocessors: General-purpose microprocessor    CPU for Computers No RAM. Motorola’s 680x0 CPU GeneralPurpose Microprocessor Data Bus Many chips on mother’s board RAM ROM I/O Port Timer Serial COM Port Address Bus General-Purpose Microprocessor System .

Zilog’s Z8 and PIC 16X CPU RAM ROM I/O Port Serial Timer COM Port A single chip Microcontroller .Microcontroller :    A smaller computer On-chip RAM.. Intel’s 8051. I/O ports. Example : Atmel . ROM..

Features of microcontroller ØA microcontroller is a single integrated circuit.ranging from small and simple 4-bit processors to complex 32. commonly with the following features: Ø ØCentral processing unit .or 64-bit processors Ø ØDiscrete input and output bits. allowing control or detection of the logic state of an individual package pin Ø ØSerial input/output such as serial ports (UARTs) Ø .

and watchdog Ø Øvolatile memory (RAM) for data storage Ø ØROM. resonator or RC circuit Ø . EPROM. event counters.often an oscillator for a quartz timing crystal.Features of microcontroller(cont) Øother serial communications interfaces like I²C. EEPROM or Flash memory for program and operating parameter storage Ø Øclock generator . Serial Peripheral Interface and Controller Area Network for system interconnect Ø Øperipherals such as timers. PWM generators.

Block Diagram External interrupts Interrupt Control On-chip ROM for program code Timer/Counter On-chip RAM Timer 1 Timer 0 Counter Inputs CPU Serial Port OSC Bus Control 4 I/O Ports P0 P1 P2 P3 TxD RxD Address/Data .

power and space are critical vexpansive vsingle-purpose vversatility vgeneral-purpose  .M icr op r oce ssor vs. vCPU. and I/O ports. M icr ocon t r olle r • Microprocessor Microcontroller vCPU is stand-alone. timer timer are all on a single chip are separate vfix amount of on-chip ROM. RAM. ROM. I/O. vdesigner can decide on the RAM. RAM vfor applications in which cost. I/O and RAM. ROM. I/O ports amount of ROM.

Classification of Embedded Systems Ø ØDistributed and Non distributed Ø ØReactive and Transformational Ø ØControl dominated and Data dominated Ø .

Essential Components ØMicroprocessor Ø ØSensors Ø ØConverters (A-D and D-A) Ø ØActuators Ø ØMemory (On-chip and Off chip) Ø ØCommunication path with the interacting environment Ø .

Embedded System Structure (Generic) Sensor AD Processor & ASICs DA Actuator Memory .

Synchronization Sampling frequency . etc) ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Voltage levels . Displays Complex I/O devices (printers. faxes.Noise Analog I/O Digital I/O .I/O Categories     • Input devices Output devices ◦ Sensors. User-input ◦ Actuators. coprocessors.Voltage levels Current draw .Throughput Noise .

EMBEDDED DOMINES .

ROBOTICS .

AUTOMATION .

WIRELESS .

WIRELESS DEVICES • IR • RF BLUETOOTH frequency ZIGBEE frequency frequency range-1 to 400 THz range-3 kHz to 300 GHz range-24002480 MHz .

GSM AND GPS .

GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION (GSM) .

What is the GPS?  Orbiting navigational satellites ◦ Transmit position and time data  Handheld receivers calculate ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ latitude longitude altitude velocity  Developed by Defense Department of .

GPS Communication and Control .

CONSUMER ELECTRONICS .

WEB BASED .

ELECTRICAL .

BIO MEDICAL .

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