the SPACE

in landscape

The meaning

1

Space is the interval or distance between two or more objects, in which it has a certain volume. Space denoting a more-or-less and delimited volume affording human occupation and movement therein. Space denotes the palpable volume contained by tangible and an implied construction, which is also exists inside and outside buildings as well as around and between them. in which that space is defined gives rise to a range of spatial qualities

Lecture by Norliza Mohd Yusof ANZ Landscape sdn bhd

Space Establishing Element
Refer OHP for illustration

2 3SURFACE

1OBJECT OBJECT

2SCREEN

² as two or three dimensional forms existing as separated, discrete visual entities in a larger space than the one it help establish

SCREEN

² as perforated surfaces of closely spaced objects. Obviously are an intermediates type between the other two as limiting conditions.

SURFACE

² two dimensional forms limited in spatial effect to the space they help establish.

Spatial definition
Landscape design results in 3-dimensional space. Can be defined by natural features, landform and plants. It can create enclosures spatial

3

In comprises human activities within the spatial area.

Spatial Definition
Three basic components influence the spatial qualities

4 2PLACE 3OCCASION

1SPACE

SPACE - Denoting a more-or-less discrete and
delimited volume affording human occupation and movement therein ² Referring to the further perceptual qualification of a space to achieve an identity as a particular behaviour setting.

PLACE

OCCASION

² Due to the presence and activity to the human occupants in the place, in accordance with some implicit or explicit program
Refer OHP for illustration

Spatial Material
Design materials that provide spatial area

5 3 PLANTS

1THE FLOOR 2 WATER THE FLOOR WATER

² Paving pattern, colour and texture can be used to define spaces. Besides, change of levels through steps, ramps, etc designs ² as space division. Involve natural water bodies and man-made water features such as cannels and pools.

PLANTS ² Due to the presence and activity to
the human occupants accordance with some program in the place, in implicit or explicit

Spatial Material
Design materials that provide spatial area

6 1THE FLOOR

Spatial Material
Design materials that provide spatial area

7 2 WATER

Spatial Material
Design materials that provide spatial area

8 3 PLANTS

Spatial Material
Design materials that provide spatial area

9 3 PLANTS

Spatial Organization
Spaces can be formed by : base plane overhead plane and spatial edge

10

BASE PLANE

² considers as both the functional and spatial floor of landscape, for example; garden ground

OVERHEAD PLANE SPATIAL EDGE

² is the spatial ceiling and it can be vary from the open sky to the hard exterior ceiling.

These aspects are interrelated in promoting a level of enclosure of a spatial composition

² Is desirable when one seek privacy. It is also useful in creating suspense of mystery, screening unpleasant views and calling attention to desirable ones, defining spatial units and achieving numerous other spatial intentions.

Refer OHP for illustration

Spatial Organization
Spaces can be formed by : base plane overhead plane and spatial edge These aspects are interrelated in promoting a level of enclosure of a spatial composition

11

Overhead plane

Find 4 spatial enclosures in the sketches

Base plane Spatial edge

Spatial Organization
the spatial ceiling can be vary from the open sky to the hard exterior ceiling.

12

Define the hard exterior ceiling

Spatial Characteristic
Simonds listed 10 spatial characteristic that may called as abstract qualities in order to induce predetermined responses People and space connects strongly. This relationship either through physical and psychological connection will benefit human way of life because spaces may influence one·s mind and behaviour.

13 1 TENSION 2 RELAXATION 3 FRIGHT 4 GAIETY 5 CONTEMPLATION 6 PLEASURE 7 DISPLEASURE 8 SENSOUS LOVE 9 SUBLIME SPRITUAL AWE 10DYNAMIC ACTION
Refer OHP for description

Spatial Characteristic
Simonds listed 10 spatial characteristic that may called as abstract qualities in order to induce predetermined responses

14

RELAXATION (e.g.) This kind of spatial characteristic mostly generated by a pleasant and comfortable environment. This quality is also by introducing soothing sounds such as water cascading and sounds of birds occupying the whole space.

Spatial Characteristic

15

Describe the spatial characteristic of this picture.

Spatial Characteristic

16

Describe the spatial characteristic of this picture.

Spatial Characteristic

17

Describe the spatial characteristic of this picture.

18

the

SPACE
in landscape

. . . end of lecture