This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

If f(x,y) and all its partial derivatives upto nth order are finite and continuous for all points (x,y), then the Taylor s series expansion about the point (a,b) is

1 f ( x, y) ! f (a, b) ( x a) f x ( y b) f y 1! 1 (x a)2 f xx 2( x a)(y b) f xy ( y b)2 f yy 2! 1 ( x a)3 f xxx 3(x a)2 ( y b) f xxy 3(x a)( y b)2 f xyy ( y b)3 f yyy 3!

?

A

?

A

?

A

Taylor s series expansion for a function of single variable If f(x) and all its derivatives up to nth order are finite and continuous for all x. then the Taylor s series expansion of f(x) about the point x=a is defined by .

x a f d ) .

g (a .x a f ( x) ! f (a) (a 1! 2! 2 d f d ) .

Using Taylor s theorem. Expand x y 3y 2 in powers of x-1 and y+2 using Taylor s theorem. Expand degree terms using Taylor s series. Obtain Taylor s expansion of about x (1. 2. 4 ) upto third 4. tan x } 1 T2 2 x x 1 x 2 . show that if x T4 is so small so that ¨©ª x T4 ¸¹º and higher powers may be neglected. y tan 3.Problems: 2 1.1) upto the second degree terms. 5. T e sin y about ( 1 .0) upto third degree terms using Taylor s series. Expand e cos y about (0.

b) such that f(a.Maxima and Minima for a function of two variable Definitions: A function f(x. b+k) A function f(x. b+k) The maximum and minimum values of a function are also called extreme or extremum values of a function.y) has neither maximum nor minimum is called saddle point. y) is said to have a maximum value at the point (a.b) such that f(a. b). . if there exists a small neighbourhood of (a.b) > f(a+h. b). y) is said to have a minimum value at the point (a. A point (a.b) at which the function f(x. if there exists a small neighbourhood of (a.b) < f(a+h.

Evaluate A ! x x f . . A > 0. b) be the values of x and y.y) has a maximum value. and !0 xx xy xf xf x 2 f x 2 f x 2 f .y) has no extremum value at that particular point. 2 . C ! x y f for these values (a. then f(x. B ! xxxxfy .y) has a minimum value. then f(x. then f(x.WORKING RULE TO FIND THE EXTREMUM VALUES Differentiate f(x. then the case is doubtful and further investigation is required 2 . Let (a. If AC B 0. If AC B 2 ! 0 . . y) and find out Let and solve the equations for x and y.b) x x If AC B 2 " 0 and 2 2 2 2 2 xf xf ! 0. 2 xx xy xx xxxy xy A < 0.

x y 3axy 3.Problems: Determine the extremum values of the following: 1. x y 63( x y ) 12 xy 2 2 2 2 3 3 . 2 x 2 x xy 3 y y 4. x y 6 x 12 3 3 2.

z) with respect to x.y. Note: In Lagrange s Method. y.y.z) = f(x. partially and equate it to zero.y. . the nature of the stationary point cannot be determined.z.z) where is called the lagrangian multiplier. Solving the equations we get the values of x.y.LAGRANGE METHOD OF UNDETERMINED MULTIPLIERS Let f(x.z) + g(x.z)=0 Define F(x.z) be a function of three variables x.z and the variables be connected by the relation g(x. Differentiating F(x.y. z .y .y.y.

Show that if the perimeter of a triangle is constant. its area is maximum when the triangle is equilateral. 2. A rectangular box open at the top is to have a volume of 32c.12) from the sphere x y z ! 1 5. 3. Find the dimensions of the box requiring least material for its construction. In a plane triangle ABC find the maximum value of cosAcosBcosC.Problems: 1.4.c. Show that the rectangular solid of maximum value that can be inscribed in a sphere is a cube. 4. Find the maximum and minimum distances of the point (3. 2 2 2 .

- derivatives and integrals of vector functions
- 04 Dr.S.P.anbuudayasankar - Amirtha
- MALACCA 2013 M1(Q&A)
- 7.1 Finite Difference-Taylor Formulae
- FDM.pptx
- Lecture3 Pss
- lec2_SignalSystem
- complexityAnalysis.ppt
- Mit Numerical Modeling of Groundwater Flow
- Practice Midterm
- Equations Final
- F2MCp03
- Maths 4.1
- Put Exam
- 21542814 Aplikasi Dari Polinomial Legendre Dalam Fisika
- Helmholtz
- quiz_solution_2006-04-20
- Advanced Maple Solutions Chapter1
- Lesson 8 - Integration of Hyperbolic Functions
- m5-csp-pub
- DEPASCALISATION OF SMARANDACHE PASCAL DERIVED SEQUENCES AND BACKWARD EXTENDED FIBONACCI SEQUENCE
- Pyth
- alias
- Matrix Systems
- ch14-test
- L36
- Quiz
- 1.Multivariable Functions
- (2) Fundamental Theories in Photo Gramme Try
- Jackson 1 2 Homework Solution

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd