preparing the field for

TRANSPLANTING(RAINFED) RAINFED)

Land preparation

a. Plow the field when moisture permits. Harrow lengthwise and crosswise when enough water accumulates to break clods and uproot weeds. Close all levee openings to prevent draining of the field. Leave for 7-10 days to allow decomposition of plant debris.

Land preparation

b. Plow again (if necessary) and then harrow
thoroughly. Leave the field for another 7 days and harrow again to make the field well leveled. NOTE: Plowing and harrowing frequencies and intervals will depend on water availability and labor cost. The principle of allowing weeds to germinate or emerged before doing the next tillage operation is important in reducing the incidence of weeds in the following crop.

Transplanting
a. Transplant 2-3 seedlings of 18-21 day-old wetbed or dry-bed grown seedlings at 20 cm x 20 cm spacing. Closer spacing (15 cm x 15 cm or 10 cm x 10 cm) may be used depending on the availability of planters and the cost of transplanting. Closer spacing is advantageous when weed control is inadequate.

Transplanting
b. When transplanting is done at random, equal distances between hills are difficult to determine but it is essential that the estimated distances between hills should not be too close or too wide (not less than 10 cm and not more than 25 cm) to compliment control of weeds through early shading by rice canopies.

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